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Monday, February 1 2016
Nahum 2: Parades Of Chariots
"The chariots shall rage in the streets, they shall justle one against another in the broad ways: they shall seem like torches, they shall run like the lightnings"
The English-language word "parade" originated from a Latin/Roman word, paratus, that referred to a mobilized assembly of military force. Ancient armies commonly marched or rode into battle in such a way because weaponry in the earlier time was very short range. Armed forces parades are still common today however as a public exhibition of military strength, whether as a morale booster for the people of the nation who are paying for the massive cost, and/or as a propaganda demonstration for enemies and imperial subjects in other nations. Most other kinds of parades also employ the same militaristic theme.
Chariots, in their ancient or modern form, have always been a prominent sight in military parades, whether at the time of the drum-up to war, or as a victory parade through a major city that was captured in the subsequent battles. Victory parades are of course also held to celebrate the returning warriors.
Chariots are recorded in Bible history from the earliest times. The chariots of the Egyptian Pharaoh are perhaps the most familiar to many people (see Covered Wagons And War Chariots), however many others had large numbers of chariots, including the Canaanites who had hundreds of them at the time that the Israelites crossed into the Promised Land (see Joshua's Commission) and the Philistines of Gaza (see Where Is Palestine? and Gaza In History And Prophecy) had thousands of iron chariots in the time of King Saul (see Saul's Last Battle). The Israelites also acquired chariots - King David by capturing them in battle (see King David's Empire) and Solomon by purchasing more from Egypt (see The Egypt Connection). Subsequent kings of Israel and Judah also had chariots (see also The End Of The Line For Ahab And Jezebel).
The Assyrians (see The Empires Of Bible History And Prophecy) also had a great force of chariots at the time when the LORD (see The Identity Of The LORD God and The LORD God Our Saviour) appointed them to conquer and exile the Kingdom of Israel (see Why Was Nineveh Saved From Destruction?). However, when the Assyrians failed to continue in their repentance at the time of Jonah (see Their Right Hand And Their Left Hand), the LORD, as recorded in Nahum (Nahum lived and worked over a century after Jonah), empowered their enemies, the rising Babylonian Empire (see The Medes And Chaldees Prophecies), to do to them what they had been doing to others. So then, the Assyrians were subjected to a parade of foreign chariots through their capital city, before it was pulverized into rubble.
"2:1 He that dasheth in pieces is come up before thy face: keep the munition, watch the way, make thy loins strong, fortify thy power mightily.
Fact Finder: What sort of supernatural chariot parade did the prophets Elijah and Elisha see?
This Day In History, February 1
1327: Edward III was coronated King of England. The Hundred Years War began during his reign.
1328: Charles IV of France, the last monarch in the direct line of the Capetian dynasty (named after Hugh Capet who became king in 987), died.
1542: Cardinal Girolamo Aleandro died at age 62. He was an active opponent of the Lutheran Reformation. In 1520 Pope Leo X sent him to Germany to lead the opposition against Martin Luther at the Diet of Worms (named after Vorms, a city in Germany). In Brussels, Aleandro was responsible for the death of the first martyrs of the Reformation.
1587: Elizabeth I, daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn (Henry broke away from Rome and created the Church of England so that he could divorce his first wife, Katherine of Aragon, to marry Anne Boleyn), signed the Warrant of Execution for (Roman Catholic) Mary Queen of Scots who was involved in three assassination attempts on Elizabeth I.
1662: Chinese General Koxinga captured the island of Taiwan.
1793: Revolutionary France declared war on England and Holland. French King Louis XVI was executed shortly before.
1796: The capital of Upper Canada (a term based upon the flow of the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence River toward the Atlantic Ocean i.e. Upper Canada was southern Ontario and Lower Canada was southern Quebec) was moved from Newark (today, Niagara On The Lake, Ontario) to York (today, Toronto, Ontario).
1861: 25 years after seceding from Mexico in 1836, Texas seceded from the U.S. to join the Confederate States of America.
1884: The Oxford English Dictionary's first volume was published.
1908: King Carlos I (Carlos is the Spanish form of "Charles") of Portugal was assassinated with his son in Lisbon.
1909: "Nation building" U.S. invasion forces left Cuba after installing the puppet/stooge Jose Miguel Gomez as President. When the people of Cuba later rose up to demand freedom and independence from foreign rule of their country, Gomez fled Cuba in 1920 and died in exile in New York City.
1920: The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP, the "Mounties") were established. They were created from the merger of the Northwest Mounted Police and Dominion Police.
1934: Austrian Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss dissolved all political parties except his own "Fatherland Front." Another Austrian, Adolf Hitler, had just been elected as Chancellor in Germany (see Is Iniquity Liberal Or Conservative? and Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).
1949: Israel formally annexed "West Jerusalem" (see the series of Jerusalem history studies beginning with A History Of Jerusalem: In The Beginning).
1958: Egypt and Syria proclaimed their union as "The United Arab Republic."
1979: In Teheran, Iran, the Ayatollah Khomeini returned from 15 years of exile in France. The Shah (king) had fled the country 2 weeks earlier for exile in the U.S.
2003: The U.S. Space Shuttle Columbia disintegrated upon re-entry killing all 7 astronauts aboard: Rick Husband, Michael Anderson, David Brown, Kalpana Chawla, Laurel Clark, William McCool, and the first Israeli astronaut, Ilan Ramon.
2004: 251 Muslims were trampled to death and 244 injured in a stampede at the Hajj pilgrimage in Saudi Arabia.