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Sunday, April 10 2016

Mark 14: The Full Moon Over The Garden Of Gethsemane

"And they came to a place which was named Gethsemane: and He saith to His disciples, Sit ye here, while I shall pray"

Bethany was the town on the southeastern slope of the Mount Of Olives that the Messiah frequently visited during the time of His Ministry. Most often, it was at the home of the siblings Martha, Mary and Lazarus (see The House of Martha and Mary). The resurrection of Lazarus happened at Bethany (see Who Else Did They Want To Kill At Passover?). After the Messiah's own Resurrection, He chose to ascend to the Throne of God in Heaven from Bethany (see The Ascent From Bethany and What Happened When The Messiah Arrived In Heaven?).

Bethany was also the site of a famous prophecy about a woman of great faith (see A Passover Prophecy That You Are Fulfilling Right Now).

Bethany

"14:1 After two days was the feast of the passover, and of unleavened bread: and the chief priests and the scribes sought how they might take him by craft, and put him to death. 14:2 But they said, Not on the feast day, lest there be an uproar of the people.

14:3 And being in Bethany in the house of Simon the leper, as he sat at meat, there came a woman having an alabaster box of ointment of spikenard very precious; and she brake the box, and poured it on his head.

14:4 And there were some that had indignation within themselves, and said, Why was this waste of the ointment made? 14:5 For it might have been sold for more than three hundred pence, and have been given to the poor. And they murmured against her.

14:6 And Jesus said, Let her alone; why trouble ye her? she hath wrought a good work on me. 14:7 For ye have the poor with you always, and whensoever ye will ye may do them good: but me ye have not always. 14:8 She hath done what she could: she is come aforehand to anoint my body to the burying. 14:9 Verily I say unto you, Wheresoever this gospel shall be preached throughout the whole world, this also that she hath done shall be spoken of for a memorial of her.

14:10 And Judas Iscariot, one of the twelve, went unto the chief priests, to betray him unto them. 14:11 And when they heard it, they were glad, and promised to give him money. And he sought how he might conveniently betray him." (Mark 14:1-11 KJV)

The Messiah observed the true Christian Holy Days that were established by Him (see The Identity Of The LORD God and The LORD God Our Saviour) as prophecies of Him (see The True Christian Holy Days). The famous "Last Supper" was about Passover (see Nisan 14: How Did The Messiah Observe His Last Passover?; see also Nisan 14: The Day That The Messiah Was Crucified and Nisan 15: The First Day In The Tomb On The Passover High Day).

"14:12 And the first day of unleavened bread, when they killed the passover, his disciples said unto him, Where wilt thou that we go and prepare that thou mayest eat the passover?

14:13 And he sendeth forth two of his disciples, and saith unto them, Go ye into the city, and there shall meet you a man bearing a pitcher of water: follow him. 14:14 And wheresoever he shall go in, say ye to the goodman of the house, The Master saith, Where is the guestchamber, where I shall eat the passover with my disciples? 14:15 And he will shew you a large upper room furnished and prepared: there make ready for us.

14:16 And his disciples went forth, and came into the city, and found as he had said unto them: and they made ready the passover.

14:17 And in the evening he cometh with the twelve. 14:18 And as they sat and did eat, Jesus said, Verily I say unto you, One of you which eateth with me shall betray me.

14:19 And they began to be sorrowful, and to say unto him one by one, Is it I? and another said, Is it I?

14:20 And he answered and said unto them, It is one of the twelve, that dippeth with me in the dish. 14:21 The Son of man indeed goeth, as it is written of him: but woe to that man by whom the Son of man is betrayed! good were it for that man if he had never been born.

14:22 And as they did eat, Jesus took bread, and blessed, and brake it, and gave to them, and said, Take, eat: this is my body.

14:23 And he took the cup, and when he had given thanks, he gave it to them: and they all drank of it.

14:24 And he said unto them, This is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many. 14:25 Verily I say unto you, I will drink no more of the fruit of the vine, until that day that I drink it new in the kingdom of God.

14:26 And when they had sung an hymn, they went out into the mount of Olives." (Mark 14:12-26 KJV)

The Mount Of Olives

The true "human nature," as the LORD created it, is sinless and obedient to the LORD. Humans, after they chose to follow Satan out of Paradise (see Where Did True and False Prophets Originate?), adopted Satan's nature - rebellious, selfish, arrogant, self-destructive, foolish - that many people now erroneously call human nature.

As such, while yet under the influence of that Satanic spirit, many people are "offended" by Truth - any Truth. True repentance and conversion are the means and the way back to true human nature (see The Cure For Confusion and Which Tree Will You Pick Fruit From?).

Even the disciples who became apostles struggled to hold to the Truth (see Which Way Is Right And Left? and Strait And Straight).

"14:27 And Jesus saith unto them, All ye shall be offended because of me this night: for it is written,

I will smite the shepherd, and the sheep shall be scattered.

14:28 But after that I am risen, I will go before you into Galilee.

14:29 But Peter said unto him, Although all shall be offended, yet will not I.

14:30 And Jesus saith unto him, Verily I say unto thee, That this day, even in this night, before the cock crow twice, thou shalt deny me thrice.

14:31 But he spake the more vehemently, If I should die with thee, I will not deny thee in any wise. Likewise also said they all." (Mark 14:27-31 KJV)

Gethsemane, from the Greek word pronounced geth-say-man-ay, meaning oil press, was the name given to an olive orchard on the Mount Of Olives. It was there that the Messiah was seized by the lynch mob (see The Night Of The Messiah And The Lynch Mob).

Gethsemane

"14:32 And they came to a place which was named Gethsemane: and he saith to his disciples, Sit ye here, while I shall pray. 14:33 And he taketh with him Peter and James and John, and began to be sore amazed, and to be very heavy; 14:34 And saith unto them, My soul is exceeding sorrowful unto death: tarry ye here, and watch.

14:35 And he went forward a little, and fell on the ground, and prayed that, if it were possible, the hour might pass from him. 14:36 And he said, Abba, Father, all things are possible unto thee; take away this cup from me: nevertheless not what I will, but what thou wilt.

14:37 And he cometh, and findeth them sleeping, and saith unto Peter, Simon, sleepest thou? couldest not thou watch one hour? 14:38 Watch ye and pray, lest ye enter into temptation. The spirit truly is ready, but the flesh is weak.

14:39 And again he went away, and prayed, and spake the same words. 14:40 And when he returned, he found them asleep again, (for their eyes were heavy,) neither wist they what to answer him.

14:41 And he cometh the third time, and saith unto them, Sleep on now, and take your rest: it is enough, the hour is come; behold, the Son of man is betrayed into the hands of sinners. 14:42 Rise up, let us go; lo, he that betrayeth me is at hand." (Mark 14:32-42 KJV)

Judas Iscariot (not to be confused with other righteous men named Judas; see Righteous Judas) then fulfilled the prophecy of the traitor (see What Did King David Prophesy About Judas Iscariot? and Did Judas Iscariot Repent?).

"14:43 And immediately, while he yet spake, cometh Judas, one of the twelve, and with him a great multitude with swords and staves, from the chief priests and the scribes and the elders.

14:44 And he that betrayed him had given them a token, saying, Whomsoever I shall kiss, that same is he; take him, and lead him away safely. 14:45 And as soon as he was come, he goeth straightway to him, and saith, Master, master; and kissed him. 14:46 And they laid their hands on him, and took him. 14:47 And one of them that stood by drew a sword, and smote a servant of the high priest, and cut off his ear.

14:48 And Jesus answered and said unto them, Are ye come out, as against a thief, with swords and with staves to take me? 14:49 I was daily with you in the temple teaching, and ye took me not: but the scriptures must be fulfilled.

14:50 And they all forsook him, and fled. 14:51 And there followed him a certain young man, having a linen cloth cast about his naked body; and the young men laid hold on him: 14:52 And he left the linen cloth, and fled from them naked." (Mark 14:43-52 KJV)

The Messiah was then taken to the house of the High Priest - in itself a violation of the law. There, He was subjected to a night-long abuse and torture session by the evil hypocrites that then occupied the religious council (see Annas And Caiaphas and The Sign Cover Up; also What Did The Pharisees Teach Differently From The Sadducees?).

The High Priest's House

"14:53 And they led Jesus away to the high priest: and with him were assembled all the chief priests and the elders and the scribes. 14:54 And Peter followed him afar off, even into the palace of the high priest: and he sat with the servants, and warmed himself at the fire.

14:55 And the chief priests and all the council sought for witness against Jesus to put him to death; and found none. 14:56 For many bare false witness against him, but their witness agreed not together.

14:57 And there arose certain, and bare false witness against him, saying, 14:58 We heard him say, I will destroy this temple that is made with hands, and within three days I will build another made without hands. 14:59 But neither so did their witness agree together.

14:60 And the high priest stood up in the midst, and asked Jesus, saying, Answerest thou nothing? what is it which these witness against thee? 14:61 But he held his peace, and answered nothing.

Again the high priest asked him, and said unto him, Art thou the Christ, the Son of the Blessed?

14:62 And Jesus said, I am: and ye shall see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven.

14:63 Then the high priest rent his clothes, and saith, What need we any further witnesses? 14:64 Ye have heard the blasphemy: what think ye?

And they all condemned him to be guilty of death. 14:65 And some began to spit on him, and to cover his face, and to buffet him, and to say unto him, Prophesy: and the servants did strike him with the palms of their hands." (Mark 14:53-65 KJV)

Peter was not a coward - he had just a short time before drew his sword to defend the King against the thugs - and attacked. But when the Messiah told him to stop, Peter became confused. He didn't know what to think - so he denied "knowing" the Messiah. But Peter soon recovered and resumed his place among the faithful (see Why Was Peter Crucified?).

"14:66 And as Peter was beneath in the palace, there cometh one of the maids of the high priest: 14:67 And when she saw Peter warming himself, she looked upon him, and said, And thou also wast with Jesus of Nazareth.

14:68 But he denied, saying, I know not, neither understand I what thou sayest. And he went out into the porch; and the cock crew.

14:69 And a maid saw him again, and began to say to them that stood by, This is one of them.

14:70 And he denied it again.

And a little after, they that stood by said again to Peter, Surely thou art one of them: for thou art a Galilaean, and thy speech agreeth thereto.

14:71 But he began to curse and to swear, saying, I know not this man of whom ye speak.

14:72 And the second time the cock crew. And Peter called to mind the word that Jesus said unto him, Before the cock crow twice, thou shalt deny me thrice. And when he thought thereon, he wept." (Mark 14:66-72 KJV)

Fact Finder: How do we know that there was a full moon overhead when the Messiah was taken by the mob in the garden of Gethsemane?
See The Passover Moon At Midnight (i.e. "The Full Moon always rises at sunset, transits the meridian at midnight, sets at sunrise" as explained in the study).


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This Day In History, April 10

428: Nestorius became the Patriarch of Constantinople (the city was named after Constantine; see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy and A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad). Among the teachings of Nestorius was his rejection of the Church of Rome's title of Theotokos ("Mother of God") for the Virgin Mary (see What Does The Bible Really Say About Mary?).

879: Louis III and Carloman II become co-reigning kings of the Western Franks..

Europe
1512: James V of Scotland, who allied his country with France against the English, was born. He became king at the age of 17 months.

1606: The Charter of the Virginia Company of London was established by Royal Charter by James I of England (after whom the King James Version of the Bible is named) with the purpose of establishing English colonial towns and settlements in the wilderness of North America. The English investment and development continued for about 170 years until the rebellion by a militant minority of the colonists against the laws, that were legislated by a majority of the democratically-elected Parliament, in the name of the King that represented the nation. It was that colonial work that established and built the cities and civilization where only wilderness existed before i.e. the elected Members of Parliament created the legislation that produced the development of the wilderness and the defense of it - not a "dictator king."

The United Empire Loyalists were patriotic conservatives (honest, hard-working, successful people of all walks of life i.e. farmers, merchants, tradesmen, educators) who moved to Canada from the New England colonies because they saw no need for a rebellion and were brutally persecuted by rebel forces. Totaling about 40% of the population of the New England colonies, they were later known as United Empire Loyalists. When the U.S. invaded Canada a few years later, in the War of 1812 (1812-1814), United Empire Loyalists and their adult children and grandchildren served among the British Army and Canadian militias that successfully defended Canada from U.S. annexation (the publicly-stated goal of U.S. President James Madison when he started the war).

A plaque in Hamilton, Ontario (as well as many others across Canada) commemorates the United Empire Loyalists:

United Empire Loyalists

"This monument is dedicated to the lasting memory of

THE UNITED EMPIRE LOYALISTS

Who, after the Declaration of Independence, came into British North America from the seceded American colonies and who, with faith and fortitude, and under great pioneering difficulties, largely laid the foundations of this Canadian nation as an integral part of the British Empire.

Neither confiscation of their property, the pitiless persecution of them by their kinsmen in revolt, nor the galling chains of imprisonment could break their spirits, or divorce them from a loyalty almost without parallel.

No country ever had such founders --

No country in the world --

No, not since the days of Abraham."

1741: Frederick II of Prussia defeated Maria Theresa's forces at Mollwitz and conquered Silesia.

1809: Austria declared war on France.

1814: Napoleon was defeated by the British and Spanish at the Battle of Toulouse. It resulted in Napoleon's abdication and exile to Elba.

1858: The original "Big Ben" bell for the Palace of Westminster was cast.

1864: Archduke Maximilian of Austria took the throne of Mexico.

1875: The Northwest Mounted Police (which later was included in the formation of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, the "Mounties") received government authorization to build a post that would later become the city of Calgary.

1912: The Titanic set off on its first, and only, voyage.

1919: Revolutionary leader Emiliano Zapata was ambushed and killed by government troops in Mexico.

1922: The Genoa Conference opened to discuss the reconstruction of Europe after the First World War.

1932: In Germany, Paul von Hindenburg received 19 million votes in the presidential elections, beating, for the time being, Adolf Hitler's 13 million votes (see also Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).

1938: In a referendum, 99.75% of Austrians voted for a merger with Germany (Adolf Hitler was born in Austria).

1941: During the Second World War, U.S. troops occupied Greenland to block German military control of the north Atlantic island.

1944: During the Second World War (listen to our Sermon The European World Wars), a British mini-submarine entered Bergen harbor in Norway and sank the German ship Barenfels.

1945: The Allies liberated the Nazi concentration camp, Buchenwald. It is estimated that nearly 57,000 people (mostly Jews) were killed in its gas chambers during its 8 year existence.

1963: The U.S. atomic submarine Thresher was lost in the Atlantic off Cape Cod; the 129 crew were lost.

1972: More than 50 countries signed a treaty outlawing the stockpiling of biological weapons. As might be expected, the countries that already had the greatest stockpiles of such weapons refused to sign the treaty.

1974: Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meir resigned over differences within her Labor Party. She was succeeded by Yitzhak Rabin.

1980: Britain and Spain agreed to reopen the border between Gibraltar and Spain, closed in 1969.

1989: Intel announced the release of the 80486 processor.

2010: A Polish Air Force Tu-154 crashed near Smolensk, Russia. Polish President Lech Kaczynski and 95 other people aboard the aircraft were killed.



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