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Monday, April 25 2016
Luke 10: Who Was The Good Samaritan?
"But a certain Samaritan, as he journeyed, came where he was: and when he saw him, he had compassion on him, And went to him, and bound up his wounds, pouring in oil and wine, and set him on his own beast, and brought him to an inn, and took care of him"
The LORD God, Who the Holy Scriptures plainly state was later born as Jesus of Nazareth (see The Identity Of The LORD God and The LORD God Our Saviour), instructed Moses (see also What Did Jesus Christ Write In The Ark Of Moses?) to appoint seventy of the elders to assist him in his responsibilities (see The Seventy Elders).
The elders of Israel had been the defacto priesthood prior to the setting apart of the Levites for that purpose i.e. there was no Levite priesthood at the time of the first Passover - the elders did it (see What Did The Elders Of Israel Do? and When Were The Levites Set Apart?; also The First Passover).
"11:16 And the LORD said unto Moses, Gather unto me seventy men of the elders of Israel, whom thou knowest to be the elders of the people, and officers over them; and bring them unto the tabernacle of the congregation, that they may stand there with thee. 11:17 And I will come down and talk with thee there: and I will take of the spirit which is upon thee, and will put it upon them; and they shall bear the burden of the people with thee, that thou bear it not thyself alone." (Numbers 11:16-17 KJV)
With that precedent that He made for Moses, the Messiah's own "seventy" were appointed for the same purpose. They are not spoken of frequently in the Holy Bible, however from what we do know, they were humble preachers of the true Gospel of the coming Kingdom of God (see What Gospel Did Jesus Preach?), with the power to heal and cast out demons. Their instructions were similar to those given to the Twelve apostles ("I send you forth as lambs among wolves") - including how to reject those who reject the Truth: "Even the very dust of your city, which cleaveth on us, we do wipe off against you: notwithstanding be ye sure of this, that the kingdom of God is come nigh unto you" (see The Shake The Dust From Your Feet Lessons).
"10:1 After these things the Lord appointed other seventy also, and sent them two and two before his face into every city and place, whither he himself would come. 10:2 Therefore said he unto them, The harvest truly is great, but the labourers are few: pray ye therefore the Lord of the harvest, that he would send forth labourers into his harvest. 10:3 Go your ways: behold, I send you forth as lambs among wolves. 10:4 Carry neither purse, nor scrip, nor shoes: and salute no man by the way.
When the LORD had the northern Kingdom of Israel taken away, thereby making them the "lost ten tribes" of Israel (see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Lost Ten Tribes), the Assyrians brought in people from Babylon, where "Israel" began (see Israel's Neighborhood Roots) to settle in Samaria (see The Origin Of The Samaritans) - the capital region of the exiled kingdom (see The Capital Of The Lost Ten Tribes Of Israel).
Those Babylonians later became known as "Samaritans" because they lived in Samaria (just like, for example, when Europeans first came to North America, they called the native people "the Americans" - until the Europeans began using the term for themselves). The people of Judah, to the south, when they returned from their Babylonian exile (see Why Was It Desolate For Seventy Years?), regarded the "Samaritans" with fear and hatred. "Samaritan" was even used as an insulting epithet against anyone.
By the time of the coming of the Messiah, many of the Samaritans did realize and accept Him as the Messiah of all people, while, ironically, the religious authorities of His people rejected and killed Him. It was for that reason, to illustrate how righteousness is based solely upon righteous behavior - not mere claims of superiority and self-righteousness - that the parable of the "good Samaritan" was given. The "good Samaritan" could have been anyone who understood what "mercy" really means (see the Fact Finder question below).
"10:25 And, behold, a certain lawyer stood up, and tempted him, saying, Master, what shall I do to inherit eternal life?
The Messiah associated with "common people," rather than the delusional "high and mighty," because the "low" people were actually much closer to God in heaven than those who were merely high on themselves (see Truly Uplifting). Among those truly righteous people were Martha and Mary (see The House of Martha and Mary) and their brother Lazarus (see Who Else Did They Want To Kill At Passover?) of Bethany (see The Ascent From Bethany).
"10:38 Now it came to pass, as they went, that he entered into a certain village: and a certain woman named Martha received him into her house. 10:39 And she had a sister called Mary, which also sat at Jesus' feet, and heard his word. 10:40 But Martha was cumbered about much serving, and came to him, and said, Lord, dost thou not care that my sister hath left me to serve alone? bid her therefore that she help me.
Fact Finder: What does "mercy" actually mean in the Word of God?
This Day In History, April 25
404 BC: At the end of the Peloponnesian War, Lysander's Spartan Armies defeated the Athenians (see A History Of Jerusalem: Greeks, Ptolemies, Seleucids).
775: The Battle of Bagrevand ended an Armenian revolution against the Muslim Abbasid Caliphate. Numerous Armenian nobles fled to the Byzantine Empire (i.e. the East Roman Empire; see also The Prophet Daniel: Kings Of The North and South).
1530: The Augsburg Confession was read at the Diet of Worms (i.e. Vorms, a city in Germany). Written primarily by Philip Melanchthon, the document comprised the first official summary of the "Lutheran" faith.
1590: The Sultan of Morocco launched his successful attack to capture Timbuktu.
1607: During the Eighty Years' War, the Dutch fleet destroyed the anchored Spanish fleet at Gibraltar.
1644: The Ming Chongzhen emperor committed suicide during a peasant rebellion led by Li Zicheng.
1707: At the Battle of Almansa, Franco-Spanish forces defeat the Anglo-Portuguese.
1792: Nicolas Pelletier, a convicted forger and highwayman, became the first person executed by guillotine.
1809: The Treaty of Amritsar, concluded in India between the British East India Company and the Sikh Kingdom of Punjab. It settled Indo-Sikh relations for a generation.
1849: Governor General Lord Elgin signed the Rebellion Losses Bill, which gave compensation to residents of Lower Canada (i.e. Quebec - "Upper" and "Lower" Canada were geographic terms based on the flow of the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence River toward the Atlantic Ocean) whose property had been damaged in the rebellions of 1837. It became known as the "rebel rewarding bill" because in the confusion some rebels were compensated. Opposition to the bill was severe; Elgin was attacked by an English-speaking mob and the Parliament Buildings in Montreal were burned down.
1859: British and French engineers began construction of the Suez Canal.
1867: Tokyo was opened to international trade.
1882: French commander Henri Riviere seized the citadel of Hanoi. French colonial involvement in Vietnam eventually resulted in the division of the country into North and South Vietnam, which in turn caused the Vietnam civil war, which the U.S. became mired in after the French left. The result of a century of war is that Vietnam is today a single country again, just as it was a long ago before France and the U.S. involved themselves in it.
1925: Paul von Hindenburg became President of Germany. The old conservative was soon replaced by a liberal - Adolf Hitler (see Iniquity Liberal Or Conservative? and Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).
1926: In Iran, Reza Kahn was crowned Shah and chose the name "Pehlevi." His brutal, undemocratic regime lasted until the Iranian revolution of 1979 (the "hostage crisis" of the U.S. Embassy in Iran began not long after Pehlevi fled the country; see also Has Another Haman Arisen?).
1945: Representatives of fifty nations gathered in San Francisco, California to begin the United Nations Conference on International Organizations. The U.N. general assembly headquarters was later constructed in New York, apart from its many offices and agencies in Europe.
1959: The St. Lawrence Seaway, linking the Atlantic Ocean to Canadian and US ports on the Great Lakes, opened to shipping.
1967: Britain granted internal self-government to Swaziland.
1971: Bangladesh (which means "country of Bengal") was declared. Civil war immediately followed which killed an estimated 1 million people before India intervened against Pakistan.
1974: Antonio Salazar was overthrown in Portugal.
1988: John Demjanuk was sentenced to death by an Israeli court for war crimes committed during the Second World War (1939-1945). The verdict was later overturned by the Israeli Supreme Court in 1993, after which Demjanuk returned to his home in Ohio.
2007: The funeral of former Russian President Boris Yeltsin was held. It was the first funeral to be sanctioned by the Russian Orthodox Church for a head of state since the funeral of Emperor Alexander III in 1894.