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Saturday, April 30 2016

Luke 14: Why Did The Messiah Eat With The Pharisees?

"And it came to pass, as He went into the house of one of the chief Pharisees to eat bread on the Sabbath day, that they watched Him"

Much of the New Testament record was written about, or by, a Pharisee. Prior to his conversion, he was known as Saul, but later became known as the apostle Paul (see Paul's Blindness Lesson). About two thirds of the Book of Acts is about Paul's conversion and ministry (see Acts: Luke's Second Letter To Theophilus). Most of the epistles were written by Paul (e.g. 1 Corinthians: That Rock Was Christ and 2 Corinthians: The Devil's Fight Along The Way and 1 Thessalonians: Prove All Things, Hold Fast What Is Good and 2 Thessalonians: The Falling Away Of The Son Of Perdition).

So too, one of the most often-quoted verses of the Holy Bible, John 3:16, and the famous "born again" teaching, was given by the Messiah to an awakened, repentant Pharisee - Nicodemus (see What Was The Lesson Of John 3:16?). Nicodemus was later one of the two very courageous men who claimed the Body of the Messiah off the Cross and placed it in the Tomb (see Joseph and Nicodemus: Making A Stand).

It was not therefore without purpose that the Messiah "went into the house of one of the chief Pharisees to eat bread on the sabbath day." At that point, most remained unbelievers, even hostile unbelievers in some cases, but they were at the same time willing to receive Him into their midst - the meal was in the house of "one of the chief Pharisees," but many others were there.

The High Priest

"14:1 And it came to pass, as he went into the house of one of the chief Pharisees to eat bread on the sabbath day, that they watched him. 14:2 And, behold, there was a certain man before him which had the dropsy. 14:3 And Jesus answering spake unto the lawyers and Pharisees, saying, Is it lawful to heal on the sabbath day? 14:4 And they held their peace. And he took him, and healed him, and let him go;

14:5 And answered them, saying, Which of you shall have an ass or an ox fallen into a pit, and will not straightway pull him out on the sabbath day? 14:6 And they could not answer him again to these things.

14:7 And he put forth a parable to those which were bidden, when he marked how they chose out the chief rooms; saying unto them, 14:8 When thou art bidden of any man to a wedding, sit not down in the highest room; lest a more honourable man than thou be bidden of him; 14:9 And he that bade thee and him come and say to thee, Give this man place; and thou begin with shame to take the lowest room. 14:10 But when thou art bidden, go and sit down in the lowest room; that when he that bade thee cometh, he may say unto thee, Friend, go up higher: then shalt thou have worship in the presence of them that sit at meat with thee. 14:11 For whosoever exalteth himself shall be abased; and he that humbleth himself shall be exalted.

14:12 Then said he also to him that bade him, When thou makest a dinner or a supper, call not thy friends, nor thy brethren, neither thy kinsmen, nor thy rich neighbours; lest they also bid thee again, and a recompence be made thee. 14:13 But when thou makest a feast, call the poor, the maimed, the lame, the blind: 14:14 And thou shalt be blessed; for they cannot recompense thee: for thou shalt be recompensed at the resurrection of the just." (Luke 14:1-14 KJV)

Notice that some of the Pharisees were interested and welcoming toward the true Gospel i.e. "when one of them that sat at meat with him heard these things, he said unto him, Blessed is he that shall eat bread in the kingdom of God" (see What Gospel Did Jesus Preach?). The statement was answered with a lesson from the Messiah that applied not only to those Pharisees, but everyone.

"14:15 And when one of them that sat at meat with him heard these things, he said unto him, Blessed is he that shall eat bread in the kingdom of God.

14:16 Then said he unto him, A certain man made a great supper, and bade many: 14:17 And sent his servant at supper time to say to them that were bidden, Come; for all things are now ready.

14:18 And they all with one consent began to make excuse. The first said unto him, I have bought a piece of ground, and I must needs go and see it: I pray thee have me excused.

14:19 And another said, I have bought five yoke of oxen, and I go to prove them: I pray thee have me excused.

14:20 And another said, I have married a wife, and therefore I cannot come.

14:21 So that servant came, and shewed his lord these things. Then the master of the house being angry said to his servant, Go out quickly into the streets and lanes of the city, and bring in hither the poor, and the maimed, and the halt, and the blind.

14:22 And the servant said, Lord, it is done as thou hast commanded, and yet there is room.

14:23 And the lord said unto the servant, Go out into the highways and hedges, and compel them to come in, that my house may be filled. 14:24 For I say unto you, That none of those men which were bidden shall taste of my supper." (Luke 14:15-24 KJV)

People receive their calling, by means of the Holy Spirit, at different times (see the Fact Finder question below). A natural result of that is that those who are called often face opposition from friends and family members - until the day comes when they too are enlightened.

"14:25 And there went great multitudes with him: and he turned, and said unto them, 14:26 If any man come to me, and hate not his father, and mother, and wife, and children, and brethren, and sisters, yea, and his own life also, he cannot be my disciple. 14:27 And whosoever doth not bear his cross, and come after me, cannot be my disciple.

14:28 For which of you, intending to build a tower, sitteth not down first, and counteth the cost, whether he have sufficient to finish it? 14:29 Lest haply, after he hath laid the foundation, and is not able to finish it, all that behold it begin to mock him, 14:30 Saying, This man began to build, and was not able to finish.

14:31 Or what king, going to make war against another king, sitteth not down first, and consulteth whether he be able with ten thousand to meet him that cometh against him with twenty thousand? 14:32 Or else, while the other is yet a great way off, he sendeth an ambassage, and desireth conditions of peace. 14:33 So likewise, whosoever he be of you that forsaketh not all that he hath, he cannot be my disciple.

14:34 Salt is good: but if the salt have lost his savour, wherewith shall it be seasoned? 14:35 It is neither fit for the land, nor yet for the dunghill; but men cast it out.

He that hath ears to hear, let him hear." (Luke 14:25-35 KJV)

Fact Finder: How is it that people are converted at different times?
See The Harvests Of Salvation and The Seasons Of The Firstfruits


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This Day In History, April 30

311: Galerius Valerius Maximianus issued an edict which allowed (the Roman version of) Christianity in the Roman Empire (see A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad and Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy).

313: Licinius unified the whole of the eastern Roman empire under his own rule after the Battle of Tzirallum.

1006: The brightest supernova in recorded history was observed.

1156: Moscow was founded.

1303: When German king Albrecht (Albert) obtained confirmation of his election from Pope Boniface VIII, he swore an oath of obedience to the papacy, and promised that none of his sons would be elected German king without papal consent (see Emperors and Popes).

1492: The Papacy and the Roman Catholic king and queen of Spain, Ferdinand and Isabella, granted the Italian sailor Christopher Columbus (actual name in Italian: Cristoforo Colombo) his commission of exploration to the "New World." As shown on the map, the four voyages of Columbus were actually limited to the area of the islands in the Caribbean, not to what is today called "America" (see also Thanksgiving In History and Prophecy).

Voyages of Christopher Columbus 1513: Edmund de la Pole, the Yorkist pretender to the throne of England, was executed on the orders of King Henry VIII.

1527: Henry VIII and King Francis of France signed the Treaty of Westminster.

1563: Jews were expelled from France by order of King Charles VI.

1725: Spain withdrew from the Quadruple Alliance.

1803: The treaty was signed for the Louisiana Purchase. France, under Napoleon, found itself requiring the funds for Napoleon's European wars of conquest (when Britain was at war with the U.S. during the War of 1812-14, Britain was also at war to stop Napoleon in Europe; to Britain, the War of 1812 was a relative "side show" from the great war in Europe against Napoleon at the same time).

1804: Shrapnel, named after British soldier Henry Shrapnel, was used for the first time in warfare by the British against the Dutch in Suriname.

1849: Giuseppe Garibaldi, Italian patriot and guerrilla leader, repulsed a French attack on Rome.

1902: In Vienna, Theodore Herzl completed his novel Altneuland.

1917: German submarines in the First World War, total ships sunk for month: 335

1943: The British submarine HMS Seraph dropped the "man who never was," a dead man planted with false invasion papers, off the coast of Spain. It turned out to be one of the greatest deceptions in military history.

1945: Adolf Hitler, 56, and his wife of 1 day, Eva Braun, 33, committed suicide in their underground "Fuhrerbunker" in Berlin as Russian troops penetrated central Berlin.

1966: The "Church of Satan" was established at the Black House in San Francisco, California.

1975: In South Vietnam, with the last of the U.S. military forces and diplomatic (i.e. CIA and mercenary "contractors") personnel having evacuated the previous day, President Minh announced an unconditional surrender to the Vietcong, ending the 20th Century's longest civil war. Vietnam became a single country again, after having been divided by imperial France earlier in the 20th century - which triggered the civil war that the U.S. involved itself in later, in the 1960s.

1980: Terrorists seized the Iranian Embassy in London.

1980: Queen Juliana of the Netherlands signed the Act of Abdication, ending 31 years as monarch. She was succeeded by Queen Beatrix.

1991: A cyclone (hurricane) killed 125,000 people in Bangladesh.

2004: Photographs of U.S. soldiers abusing and sexually humiliating live and dead Iraqi prisoners at the Abu Ghraib prison in Baghdad (where Saddam Hussein's thugs tortured and abused prisoners in the same way before Iraq was "liberated") were leaked to the public.

2009: The Chrysler automobile company filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy.

2009: Seven people were killed and 17 others injured at a Queen's Day parade in Apeldoorn, Netherlands during an attempted assassination of Queen Beatrix.





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Copyright © Wayne Blank