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Tuesday, June 28 2016
Acts 27: Paul's Cyclone
"But not long after there arose against it a tempestuous wind, called Euroclydon. And when the ship was caught, and could not bear up into the wind, we let her drive"
The apostle Paul's missionary journey to Rome was declared by the LORD (see The Messiah's Appearances To Paul Before And After The Crucifixion; also Why Didn't The Romans Torture The Apostle Paul? and The Prophecy Of Paul's Arrest).
The "legal" process that was to deliver Paul to Rome was facilitated by the Roman "justice" system itself through Felix and Festus (see The Court Of Felix - Where Politics Trumps Truth and Porky's Court) and then Agrippa (see Why Was Paul Sent To Rome?).
"27:1 And when it was determined that we should sail into Italy, they delivered Paul and certain other prisoners unto one named Julius, a centurion of Augustus' band.
A Euroclydon, also known as a gregale (i.e. a "Greece gale"), is a strong wind system that blows down from Europe into the Mediterranean Sea, mostly in autumn and winter. The term is used specifically only once in the Bible, in referring to Paul's shipwreck on Malta, however there is a possible earlier reference to the same "mighty tempest in the sea," albeit one that The LORD miraculously triggered - the storm that Jonah's ship was caught in. As with the apostle Paul's experience, the crew threw cargo overboard to lighten the ship's riding depth, although in Jonah's case, they threw Jonah overboard too.
"27:13 And when the south wind blew softly, supposing that they had obtained their purpose, loosing thence, they sailed close by Crete. 27:14 But not long after there arose against it a tempestuous wind, called Euroclydon. 27:15 And when the ship was caught, and could not bear up into the wind, we let her drive. 27:16 And running under a certain island which is called Clauda, we had much work to come by the boat: 27:17 Which when they had taken up, they used helps, undergirding the ship; and, fearing lest they should fall into the quicksands, strake sail, and so were driven. 27:18 And we being exceedingly tossed with a tempest, the next day they lightened the ship; 27:19 And the third day we cast out with our own hands the tackling of the ship. 27:20 And when neither sun nor stars in many days appeared, and no small tempest lay on us, all hope that we should be saved was then taken away.
They were unable to escape the grip of the storm, and so were driven along its leading edge. After two weeks, the ship struck land and broke up. As the LORD had declared however, there was no loss of life: They all got to shore, "some on boards, and some on broken pieces of the ship. And so it came to pass, that they escaped all safe to land."
"27:27 But when the fourteenth night was come, as we were driven up and down in Adria, about midnight the shipmen deemed that they drew near to some country; 27:28 And sounded, and found it twenty fathoms: and when they had gone a little further, they sounded again, and found it fifteen fathoms. 27:29 Then fearing lest we should have fallen upon rocks, they cast four anchors out of the stern, and wished for the day. 27:30 And as the shipmen were about to flee out of the ship, when they had let down the boat into the sea, under colour as though they would have cast anchors out of the foreship, 27:31 Paul said to the centurion and to the soldiers, Except these abide in the ship, ye cannot be saved. 27:32 Then the soldiers cut off the ropes of the boat, and let her fall off.
Fact Finder: What causes major storms on the Sea of Galilee?
This Day In History, June 28
1389: The Ottoman (a ruling dynasty of Turkey) Empire victory at the Battle of Kosovo; a turning point for the Ottomans in the development of their European empire, and a tragedy for the medieval kingdom of Serbia because it began for the Serbs more than 4 centuries under Ottoman rule (listen to our Sermon The Ottoman Empire and see the entry for 1914, below).
1461: Edward IV was crowned King of England.
1519: Charles I of Spain became Holy Roman Emperor (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).
1629: The Peace of Alais. Peace settlement between French royal forces and the Huguenots by which the Huguenots retained their religious and civil liberties but lost their military power.
1635: The French colony of Guadeloupe was established in the Caribbean.
1838: The official coronation of Queen Victoria took place in Westminster Abbey, a year after she had ascended the throne. Victoria;s reign of over the next 63 years and 7 months, until her death in January 1901, is known as the Victorian Era.
1846: The saxophone was patented by Adolphe Sax (the instrument was named after its inventor) in Paris, France.
1914: Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand, 51, nephew of Emperor Franz Josef and heir apparent to the Habsburg throne of Austria-Hungary, and his wife Sophia were assassinated by a Bosnian, Gavrilo Princip, in Sarajevo, setting off the First World War (1914-1918; listen to our Sermon The European World Wars). The assassination took place on the anniversary of the defeat of the Serbs by the Ottomans at the Battle of Kosovo in 1389 (see the entry for 1389, above).
1919: At the end of the First World War (1914-1918), the Treaty of Versailles was signed in the Hall of Mirrors at Versailles Palace, near Paris. Germany was stripped of all its overseas colonies, demilitarized, and ordered to pay heavy reparations (see also A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate).
1940: Italo Balbo was killed at age 44. The Italian airman and Fascist leader, who was decisive in developing Benito Mussolini's air force, was killed by "friendly fire" when his own anti-aircraft gunners mis-identified their commander's aircraft and shot it down in Tobruk harbor.
1951: The first color-TV broadcast.
1967: Israel annexed East Jerusalem (see A History Of Jerusalem: War And Peace).
1968: Daniel Ellsberg was indicted for leaking the "Pentagon Papers."
1989: On the 600th anniversary of the Battle of Kosovo (see the entries for 1389 and 1914, above), Serbian leader Slobodan Miloševic delivered the Gazimestan speech at the site of the historic battle.
2001: Slobodan Milosevic (see the entry for 1989, above) was deported to stand trial for war crimes.
2006: The Republic of Montenegro was admitted as the 192nd Member of the United Nations.