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Thursday, July 28 2016

1 Corinthians 13: What Does Charity Really Mean?

"Thou shalt love the LORD thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind. This is the first and great commandment. And the second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself"

The English-language word "charity" originated from a Latin word, caritas, that meant to care (care, caress, cherish and charity all originated from the same Latin word).

Lady The Latin word caritas, and the English word that was derived from it, "charity," were originally used with the applied meaning of love. Hence the reason that some translations of the Holy Bible use "charity," while others use "love."

"1:5 Now the end of the commandment is charity out of a pure heart, and of a good conscience, and of faith unfeigned" (1 Timothy 1:5 KJV)

"1:5 whereas the aim of our charge is love that issues from a pure heart and a good conscience and sincere faith" (1 Timothy 1:5 RSV)

By actual definition, acts of "charity" without love are not true charity (i.e. merely making a "charity" donation for the purpose of a tax deduction):

"16:14 Let all your things be done with charity." (1 Corinthians 16:14 KJV)

The Messiah's teachings about "charity" weren't merely about the present-day "giving" definition of charity. The LORD taught charity as a way of life.

"5:44 But I say unto you, Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you; 5:45 That ye may be the children of your Father which is in heaven: for he maketh his sun to rise on the evil and on the good, and sendeth rain on the just and on the unjust.

5:46 For if ye love them which love you, what reward have ye? do not even the publicans the same? 5:47 And if ye salute your brethren only, what do ye more than others? do not even the publicans so?

5:48 Be ye therefore perfect, even as your Father which is in heaven is perfect." (Matthew 5:44-48 KJV)

So it was that Paul's teachings about "charity" were not merely the philosophy of a man. "And though I bestow all my goods to feed the poor, and though I give my body to be burned, and have not charity [i.e. love], it profiteth me nothing" were direct from the LORD.

"13:1 Though I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, and have not charity, I am become as sounding brass, or a tinkling cymbal. 13:2 And though I have the gift of prophecy, and understand all mysteries, and all knowledge; and though I have all faith, so that I could remove mountains, and have not charity, I am nothing. 13:3 And though I bestow all my goods to feed the poor, and though I give my body to be burned, and have not charity, it profiteth me nothing.

13:4 Charity suffereth long, and is kind; charity envieth not; charity vaunteth not itself, is not puffed up, 13:5 Doth not behave itself unseemly, seeketh not her own, is not easily provoked, thinketh no evil; 13:6 Rejoiceth not in iniquity, but rejoiceth in the truth; 13:7 Beareth all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things.

13:8 Charity never faileth: but whether there be prophecies, they shall fail; whether there be tongues, they shall cease; whether there be knowledge, it shall vanish away. 13:9 For we know in part, and we prophesy in part. 13:10 But when that which is perfect is come, then that which is in part shall be done away. 13:11 When I was a child, I spake as a child, I understood as a child, I thought as a child: but when I became a man, I put away childish things. 13:12 For now we see through a glass, darkly; but then face to face: now I know in part; but then shall I know even as also I am known.

13:13 And now abideth faith, hope, charity, these three; but the greatest of these is charity." (1 Corinthians 13:1-13 KJV)

Fact Finder: Is "charity" the basis of the Ten Commandments?
See The Two Great Commandments


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This Day In History, July 28

1364: The Battle of Cascina between forces of the Republic of Pisa and those of the Republic of Florence.

1540: King Henry VIII of England married Catherine Howard, his fifth wife.

1586: The first potatoes arrived in England from Colombia. They were brought by English astronomer Sir Thomas Harriot (who was the first man to makes sketches of the moon as viewed through a telescope; see also What Can You See In The Firmament Of The Heavens?).

Execution of Robespierre 1615: French explorer Samuel de Champlain discovered Lake Huron in Ontario during his seventh voyage to the New World.

1656: The Battle of Warsaw in the First Northern War began when Charles X of Sweden invaded Poland.

1771: During a plague outbreak, Ambrose, archbishop of Moscow, was murdered by a mob after he removed an "Christian" idol that he realized was somehow a source of the plague; the people who were coming to pray to the idol to end the plague, became sick of the plague themselves. The people's kissing and touching of the idol, as well as their close gathering around it, was in fact spreading the plague - yet another reason not to worship idols (see also Leviticus 13: Bacteria).

1794: Maximilien Robespierre was guillotined with four political allies. Known as "The Incorruptible," he played a leading role in the French Revolution and launched the "Reign of Terror."

1809: The British under Sir Arthur Wellesley defeated the French under Marshal Victor at the Battle of Talavera, southwest of Madrid.

1821: Peru declared itself independent of Spain.

1835: King Louis Napoleon of France survived an assassination attempt by Giuseppe Maria Fleschi, who rigged 25 guns together and fired them all with the pull of a single trigger.

1858: The first use of fingerprints as a means of identification was made by William Herschel of the Indian Civil Service at Jungipur in India. He took the print of Rajyadhar Konai on the back of a contract.

1914: Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia after the June 28 assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo. This led to further declarations of war, leading to the First World War (1914-1918).

1932: The "Bonus March" protest in Washington D.C. by destitute U.S. Army war veterans was crushed by active-duty troops under the command of George Patton and Douglas MacArthur, both of whom became famous during the Second World War (1939-1945) after the U.S. entered the war in 1941.

1941: During The Second World War, 30,000 Japanese troops invaded French Indochina.

1945: A U.S. B-25 bomber, lost in clouds and fog, slammed into the side of the Empire State Building in New York City. The "skyscraper" building withstood the powerful impact. 14 people were killed.

1958: NASA was established. With the ending of the Space Shuttle program in July 2011, the U.S. has become dependent upon Russia to get U.S. astronauts into space.

1976: A magnitude 7.9 earthquake completely destroyed the city of Tangshan in China; it killed an estimated 242,000 and injured more than 150,000 - the highest quake casualty toll of modern times.

1981: Prince Charles married Diana Spencer at St. Paul's Cathedral in a ceremony televised around the world and watched by an estimated 700 million people. It was called "the stuff fairy tales are made of." They separated 11 years later in 1992, and were divorced 15 years later in 1996. Diana was killed in a car crash in 1997.

2005: The "Provisional Irish Republican Army" proclaimed an end to their thirty-year old terrorist campaign in Northern Ireland.



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