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Tuesday, August 2 2016

2 Corinthians 2: The Reading Of The Will

"This is My blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many ... This is My blood of the new testament, which is shed for many"

The Greek word of the Holy Scriptures, pronounced dee-ath-ay-kay, is defined as a disposition, as in the act or means of disposing of something, such as in a will. Translators of the Scriptures variably render it as either "covenant" or "testament" - even though they actually differ in applied, but as we will read, related, meanings.

  • "Covenant" means a written agreement between two or more parties to perform some action. A covenant is about everyone doing something as agreed.

  • "Testament" means a legal document declaring a person's wishes regarding the disposal of their property when they die. A testament is about giving something. Note carefully however that although the recipient freely receives something that is bequeathed to them, it's only given because they are acceptable to the one doing the giving (consider why someone is included, or left out, of someone's "last will and testament").

While the Greek word is closer in meaning to the English word "testament," the Biblical usage of it combines "covenant" and "testament" in a way that the full Scriptural meaning is only made clear by the use of both i.e. eternal life is a free gift to those who repent and obey the LORD (see Christ Died For Repentant Sinners and The Identity Of The LORD God).

Flowing Waters Notice how the actual Greek word is diversely portrayed, according to a particular translator's preference, even within a single translation of the Holy Scriptures. The original Greek word in Mark 14:24 is translated as "covenant" in the Revised Standard Version (which was based upon the American Standard Version, which was based upon the King James Version) and "new testament" in the King James:

"14:24 And He said to them, "This is My blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many" (RSV)

"14:24 And He said unto them, This is My blood of the new testament, which is shed for many." (KJV)

An example of how the original Greek word, dee-ath-ay-kay, is translated as "covenant" in the King James Version:

"8:6 But now hath he obtained a more excellent ministry, by how much also he is the mediator of a better covenant, which was established upon better promises. 8:7 For if that first covenant had been faultless, then should no place have been sought for the second. 8:8 For finding fault with them, he saith, Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah: 8:9 Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt; because they continued not in my covenant, and I regarded them not, saith the Lord. 8:10 For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord; I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts: and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people: 8:11 And they shall not teach every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the Lord: for all shall know me, from the least to the greatest. 8:12 For I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their sins and their iniquities will I remember no more." (Hebrews 8:6-12 KJV)

Another example from the King James Version, of the same original Greek word, dee-ath-ay-kay, that was translated as "covenant" in the verses above, translated as "testament" or "new testament" here:

"26:27 And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of it; 26:28 For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins." (Matthew 26:27-28 KJV)

"3:6 Who also hath made us able ministers of the new testament; not of the letter, but of the spirit: for the letter killeth, but the spirit giveth life." (2 Corinthians 3:6 KJV)

It's no coincidence that many people suffer, actually grieve, at the "reading of the will" of God - not because God can die, but because they must put away something that stands in the way of their eternal life.

"2:1 But I determined this with myself, that I would not come again to you in heaviness. 2:2 For if I make you sorry, who is he then that maketh me glad, but the same which is made sorry by me? 2:3 And I wrote this same unto you, lest, when I came, I should have sorrow from them of whom I ought to rejoice; having confidence in you all, that my joy is the joy of you all. 2:4 For out of much affliction and anguish of heart I wrote unto you with many tears; not that ye should be grieved, but that ye might know the love which I have more abundantly unto you.

2:5 But if any have caused grief, he hath not grieved me, but in part: that I may not overcharge you all. 2:6 Sufficient to such a man is this punishment, which was inflicted of many. 2:7 So that contrariwise ye ought rather to forgive him, and comfort him, lest perhaps such a one should be swallowed up with overmuch sorrow. 2:8 Wherefore I beseech you that ye would confirm your love toward him. 2:9 For to this end also did I write, that I might know the proof of you, whether ye be obedient in all things. 2:10 To whom ye forgive any thing, I forgive also: for if I forgave any thing, to whom I forgave it, for your sakes forgave I it in the person of Christ; 2:11 Lest Satan should get an advantage of us: for we are not ignorant of his devices." (2 Corinthians 2:1-11 KJV)

The true Gospel of the coming Kingdom of God (see What Gospel Did Jesus Preach? and The Only Political Party That's Going To Survive) is about the inheritance that awaits all who choose to become "heirs" of God ("8:16 The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God: 8:17 And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ; if so be that we suffer with him, that we may be also glorified together. 8:18 For I reckon that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory which shall be revealed in us" Romans 8:16-18 KJV).

"2:12 Furthermore, when I came to Troas to preach Christ's gospel, and a door was opened unto me of the Lord, 2:13 I had no rest in my spirit, because I found not Titus my brother: but taking my leave of them, I went from thence into Macedonia.

2:14 Now thanks be unto God, which always causeth us to triumph in Christ, and maketh manifest the savour of his knowledge by us in every place. 2:15 For we are unto God a sweet savour of Christ, in them that are saved, and in them that perish: 2:16 To the one we are the savour of death unto death; and to the other the savour of life unto life. And who is sufficient for these things? 2:17 For we are not as many, which corrupt the word of God: but as of sincerity, but as of God, in the sight of God speak we in Christ." (2 Corinthians 2:12-17 KJV)

Fact Finder: What does "born again" truly mean?
See What Was The Lesson Of John 3:16? and Who Can Be Saved?


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This Day In History, August 2

338 BC: The Macedonian army under Philip II (the father of Alexander the Great; see A History Of Jerusalem: Greeks, Ptolemies, Seleucids and Alexander The Great In Prophecy) defeated forces of Athens and Thebes in the Battle of Chaeronea, thereby establishing Macedonian hegemony ("the political and military domination of one country over its allies" i.e. an emperor) in Greece and the Aegean.

216 BC: The Battle of Cannae during the Second Punic War; Carthaginian forces led by Hannibal defeated a numerically-superior Roman army under command of consuls Lucius Aemilius Paullus and Gaius Terentius Varro.

47 BC: Julius Caesar defeated Pharnaces at Zela in Syria and declared his famous "veni, vidi, vici" i.e. "I came, I saw, I conquered" (see The Politics Of Rome and A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars).

1100: King William II of England, son of William the Conqueror, was killed by an arrow while hunting in the New Forest.

Ferdinand and Isabella 1492: Jews (see also Jews - Three Tribes and Three Meanings) were expelled from Spain by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella (King Henry VIII of England became their son-in-law when he married their daughter, Catherine of Aragon; Henry's divorce from her triggered the split of England from the Church of Rome). Ironically, another Jew (through at least one of his parents) was just then making his first voyage of discovery to the New World, in the employ of that same king and queen. His name was Christopher Columbus ("Christopher Columbus" is the English-language rendering of his name which was Cristoforo Colombo in Italian, Cristobal Colon in Spanish and Cristovao Colombo in Portuguese).

1552: The Treaty of Passau revoked the Augsburg Interim of 1548 and gave religious freedom to Lutherans in Germany.

1589: During France's religious war, King Henry III of France was assassinated at St. Cloud by a monk who stabbed the king.

1610: While searching for a Northwest Passage, English explorer Henry Hudson sailed into the Canadian bay that is today named after him - Hudson Bay. Due to the vast size of the bay, Hudson at first thought that he had reached the Pacific Ocean.

1718: The Quadruple Alliance was formed by Britain, the Netherlands, France and the Holy Roman Empire against Spain.

1802: Napoleon was proclaimed "Consul for Life" by the French Senate after a plebiscite from the French people.

1832: Troops under General Henry Atkinson massacred Sauk Indian men, women and children who were followers of Black Hawk at the Bad Axe River in Wisconsin. To prevent further slaughter, Black Hawk himself surrendered 3 weeks later, bringing the Black Hawk War to an end.

1897: During the Anglo-Afghan wars (of that time), the Siege of Malakand ended when a relief column was able to reach the British garrison in the Malakand states, adjacent to India's North West Frontier Province.

1914: Germany invaded Luxembourg. German emperor Wilhelm II then delivered a 12-hour ultimatum to King Albert I of Belgium: German troops must be given free passage through Belgium on their way to invade France. King Albert refused, citing the 1839 Treaty of London where Britain, Austria, Prussia, France and Russia agreed that Belgium should form an independent and permanently neutral state. The next day, Germany declared war on France and invaded Belgium (listen to our Sermon The European World Wars).

1917: Royal Navy officer E.H. Dunning became the first pilot to land on the deck of a moving ship. He landed a Sopwith Pup on the HMS Furious.

1922: A typhoon struck Shantou, China; over 50,000 people were killed.

1932: The positron (an antiparticle of the electron) was discovered by Carl D. Anderson.

1934: Adolf Hitler declared himself Fuehrer ("Leader," according to the present world's idea of what "leading" means) of Germany upon the death of President Hindenberg (see Why Does Satan Love Liars? and Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).

1939: Albert Einstein (see also Einstein's Holy Spirit Formula) and Leo Szilard wrote a letter to U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt, urging him to begin development of atomic weapons before Germany (Nazi Germany was already doing research work).

1964: The Gulf of Tonkin incident. North Vietnamese gunboats allegedly fired on the U.S. destroyers Maddox and Turner Joy off the coast of Vietnam. Later eyewitness accounts claim that the incident never really happened, that the Vietnamese ships were merely in close proximity in Vietnamese territorial waters (which gave the Vietnamese ships every right to be there), but was either exaggerated or provoked by Lyndon Johnson as a pretext to escalate U.S. involvement in the Vietnam civil war (Vietnam had been divided into north and south by colonial France in the 1950s).

1958: King Hussein of Jordan dissolved the "Arab Union" between Jordan and Iraq which had been formed February 14 of that year (see also Jordan's West Bank Invasion).

1968: An earthquake struck Casiguran, Aurora, Philippines, killing more than 270 people.

1989: Trade restrictions between Britain and Argentina were lifted for the first time since the 1982 Falklands war.

1990: Iraq invaded Kuwait, leading to the "Gulf War" (not to be confused with the later invasion of Iraq by George W. Bush in his hunt for non-existent "weapons of mass destruction").


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