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Saturday, August 13 2016
2 Corinthians 13: Apocalypse Now
"For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold the Truth in unrighteousness"
The English-language rendering of "apocalypse" is from the Greek word, pronounced apokalypsis. Although it's often used to describe a great devastation or calamity, the literal meaning of apocalypse is simply an unveiling, or revealing, of what is true. Hence the word revelation, from which the Book Of Revelation (or, perhaps more accurately, revelations, since it reveals many things) takes its name (see also Revelation: Thy Kingdom Come).
A "reprobate" is someone who refuses to make good use of the understanding of the Word of God that is revealed to them. Reprobates know better, but they don't and won't do better because they "hold the Truth in unrighteousness":
"1:18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness; 1:19 Because that which may be known of God is manifest in them; for God hath shewed it unto them." (Romans 1:18-19 KJV)
The English-language word "vile" (from which we get the word villain) is defined as "morally reprehensible" - a flagrant violation of what is truly good (see Iniquity In History And Prophecy and Is Iniquity Liberal Or Conservative?; also Strait And Straight and Which Way Is Right And Left?). In the Holy Bible, "vile affections" means to love what is vile, regardless of what form the villainy is manifested.
A "reprobate" mind inevitably produces all sorts of "vile affections" - for things, or for people (see The History Of Idolatry).
"1:26 For this cause God gave them up unto vile affections: for even their women did change the natural use into that which is against nature: 1:27 And likewise also the men, leaving the natural use of the woman, burned in their lust one toward another; men with men working that which is unseemly, and receiving in themselves that recompense of their error which was meet.
The apostle Paul's closing of his second letter to the Christians at Corinth (see also 1 Corinthians: That Rock Was Christ and 2 Corinthians: The Devil's Fight Along The Way) included a warning against becoming reprobate ("Examine yourselves, whether ye be in the faith; prove your own selves. Know ye not your own selves, how that Jesus Christ is in you, except ye be reprobates?"). They knew the Truth, and from then on had no excuse to return to vile affections. For them, it was apocalypse now.
"13:1 This is the third time I am coming to you. In the mouth of two or three witnesses shall every word be established. 13:2 I told you before, and foretell you, as if I were present, the second time; and being absent now I write to them which heretofore have sinned, and to all other, that, if I come again, I will not spare: 13:3 Since ye seek a proof of Christ speaking in me, which to you-ward is not weak, but is mighty in you. 13:4 For though he was crucified through weakness, yet he liveth by the power of God. For we also are weak in him, but we shall live with him by the power of God toward you.
Fact Finder: What "apocalypse" did the Messiah provide?
This Day In History, August 13
554: Justinian's "Pragmatic Sanction" confirmed and increased the papacy's temporal power, and gave guidelines for regulating civil and ecclesiastical affairs in Rome and Italy (see also A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad).
1516: The Treaty of Noyon between France and Spain was signed. Francis I of France recognized Charles's claim to Naples, and Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, recognized Francis's claim to Milan.
1521: Spanish Conquistador ("conqueror") Hernando Cortes captured and destroyed Tenochtitlan (Mexico City) after a three-month siege.
1535: French explorer Jacques Cartier discovered (for Europeans) the St. Lawrence River.
1553: Michael Servetus was arrested by John Calvin in Geneva, Switzerland as a heretic for his (correct) belief that the Church of Rome's "Trinity" doctrine is incorrect. According to the Word of God, while the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit all exist, the Holy Spirit is the power of God, not a "person" of God (see The Spirit Of Creation).
1624: Cardinal Richelieu was appointed Chief Minister of France by Louis XIII.
1704: The Battle of Blenheim during the War of the Spanish Succession. French and Bavarian forces were routed by a combined British, German and Dutch army at Blenheim, Germany. The victors lost 6,000 soldiers compared with 21,000 French and Bavarian troops.
1787: The Ottoman Empire declared war on Russia. The Ottoman Empire occupied and ruled the land of Israel for centuries, until the end of the First World War in 1918 (see A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate).
1788: Prussia joined the Anglo-Dutch alliance to form the Triple Alliance to prevent the spread of the Russo-Swedish War of 1788-90.
1792: King Louis XVI of France was arrested by the revolutionary National Tribunal and declared an enemy of the people.
1814: The Cape of Good Hope was formally ceded to the British by the Dutch.
1831: After witnessing a solar eclipse that he believed was "a sign from God," Nat Turner led 70 other slaves in the murder of 55 whites in Southampton County, Virginia.
1868: A powerful earthquake near Arica, Peru, killed approximately 25,000 people. An accompanying tsunami caused damage as far away as Hawaii and New Zealand.
1898: Carl Gustav Witt discovered 433 Eros, the first near-Earth asteroid to be found.
1920: During the Polish-Soviet War, the Battle of Warsaw began.
1960: The Central African Republic declared independence from France.
1961: East Germany's communist government began building the Berlin Wall after more than 3,000,000 of its citizens fled to the west. The wall snaked 103 miles (166 kilometers) around West Berlin.
1962: Representatives from the Russian Orthodox Church and Vatican City met in Metz, France. They agreed that the Russian church would have observers attending the Second Vatican Council; in return, the Roman Catholic Church agreed to not condemn Communism.
1964: The last hangings in Britain took place when two men were executed for murder at Liverpool and Manchester.
1996: Data sent back by the Galileo space probe indicated there may be water on one of Jupiter's moons, heightening the possibility it could support a primitive life form.
2008: During the South Ossetian War, Russian forces occupied the Georgian city of Gori.