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Sunday, August 21 2016
Ephesians 2: Who Called Satan A Prince?
"Wherein in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience"
The New Testament was written mostly in Greek because it was the "world language" of that time (see Paul, The Apostle To The World).
The Greek word, pronounced ar-khay-gohss, means a supreme leader. It is found in the Biblical record 4 times, where it is variously translated as "prince," "author" or "captain." That word was used exclusively for Jesus Christ.
"3:14 But ye denied the Holy One and the Just, and desired a murderer to be granted unto you; 3:15 And killed the Prince of life, whom God hath raised from the dead; whereof we are witnesses." (Acts 3:14-15 KJV)
Another Greek word, pronounced ar-khone, means first in rank. It is found 37 times in the New Testament. While it is also translated as "prince" or "ruler," it does not mean supreme ruler, as does the Greek word above. It is used at a limited, worldly level, as in the politics of man, local or national.
Examples where the word is used to refer to humans:
"9:18 While he spake these things unto them, behold, there came a certain ruler, and worshipped him, saying, My daughter is even now dead: but come and lay thy hand upon her, and she shall live." (Matthew 9:18 KJV)
The word is also used for Satan (see also What Is Satan's Real Name?) - keeping in mind that it's a word that means a ruler of those under him, while not being a supreme ruler, such as was used exclusively for Jesus Christ.
Who called Satan a "prince" with that word? Many people, including the unbelievers who used the word to blaspheme the Messiah:
"9:34 But the Pharisees said, He casteth out devils through the prince of the devils." (Matthew 9:34 KJV)
The Messiah also used that limited-power-meaning word for Satan:
"12:30 Jesus answered and said, This voice came not because of me, but for your sakes. 12:31 Now is the judgment of this world: now shall the prince of this world be cast out." (John 12:30-31 KJV)
As we read, Paul did not originate the term "prince" for Satan in his famous "Wherein in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience." It was a familiar term for Satan, among believers and even unbelievers. But always, it was used for a ruler who, sooner or later, will be subject to a greater ruler.
"2:1 And you hath he quickened, who were dead in trespasses and sins; 2:2 Wherein in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience: 2:3 Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others.
Paul then emphasized that "greater view" - as shown in their deliberate choice of two different words for "prince" - one meaning a limited leader of the world, the other meaning the supreme leader of everything in the world ("Now therefore ye are no more strangers and foreigners, but fellowcitizens with the saints, and of the household of God; And are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner stone"). It's the reason that the Messiah is called "the King of kings" in Revelation 17:14 and 19:16 (see also Revelation: Thy Kingdom Come).
"2:11 Wherefore remember, that ye being in time past Gentiles in the flesh, who are called Uncircumcision by that which is called the Circumcision in the flesh made by hands; 2:12 That at that time ye were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope, and without God in the world: 2:13 But now in Christ Jesus ye who sometimes were far off are made nigh by the blood of Christ.
Fact Finder: (a) When and where will eternal life begin? Why is it called a Kingdom? (b) When will Satan be put away? What Biblical Holy Day portrays and prophesies it?
This Day In History, August 21
1129: Minamoto no Yoritomo (an approximation of how the name is pronounced in English) became Seii Tai Sho-gun ("Shogun without equal" i.e. leader) of Japan.
1680: Pueblo people ("Indians") captured Santa Fe from the Spanish during the Pueblo Revolt.
1689: The Battle of Dunkeld in Scotland. Jacobite clans supporting deposed King James VII of Scotland fought a government regiment of covenanters supporting William of Orange, King of Scotland.
1745: Czar Peter III of Russia married Catherine the Great.
1770: Captain James Cook claimed eastern Australia for Britain, naming it New South Wales.
1794: France surrendered the island of Corsica to the British.
1808: Napoleon Bonaparte's General Junot was defeated by Wellington at the first Battle of the Peninsular War at Vimiero, Spain.
1810: Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte, one of Napoleon's generals, was elected crown prince of Norway and Sweden. He ascended the throne 8 years later as Charles XIV. He founded the present royal house of Sweden.
1831: Nat Turner led U.S. slaves in a rebellion. Turner was captured and hung, along with 56 other blacks who fought in the rebellion. Virginia and other southern states thereafter passed laws that prohibited education of slaves and free blacks, restricted the rights of assembly for all blacks, and required white ministers to be present at all black worship services.
1911: Leonardo da Vinci's painting of the Mona Lisa was stolen from the Louvre in Paris. It was recovered in 1913.
1918: During the First World War (1914-1918), The Second Battle of the Somme began.
1940: Leon Trotsky, 61, one of the leaders of the Russian Revolution, was killed by an assassin wielding an ice pick.
1944: Representatives of the U.S., Britain, Russia and China met at Dumbarton Oaks near Washington to plan for the formation of the United Nations.
1945: Harry Daghlian, a nuclear weapons physicist, was fatally irradiated in an accident with "the Demon core" at the US Los Alamos National Laboratory.
1950: The United Nations building in New York opened.
1957: The Soviet Union successfully completed a long-range test of the R-7 Semyorka, the first intercontinental ballistic missile (US and Soviet nuclear bombs at that time were aboard conventional bombers).
1982: Thousands of "Palestinians" (see Where Is Palestine?) were evacuated from Lebanon in response to Israel's invasion on June 6 (years later, terrorist leader Osama bin Laden declared that he got the idea for the 9-11 attacks on the World Trade Center towers in New York from his seeing US-made Israeli Air Force F-16s bombing high-rise buildings in Lebanon).
1983: Philippines opposition leader Benign Aquino was assassinated in Manila minutes after returning from 3 years of exile in the U.S. The assassination led to the 1986 collapse of the U.S.-backed Marcos regime, and the subsequent election of Aquino's widow, Corazon, as president.
1986: A large amount of carbon dioxide gas erupted from volcanic Lake Nyos in Cameroon, killing up to 1,800 people within a 20-kilometers.
1990: The first pictures from Venus by the space probe Magellan showed features similar to volcanoes and valleys on Earth.
1990: British conservationist George Adamson, best known for his work which was documented in the film "Born Free," was murdered by bandits in Kenya.
1991: Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev regained control after a 3-day failed coup by Communist hardliners.
2001: NATO sent a "peace-keeping force" to the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.