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Friday, September 2 2016

Colossians 4: Why Did Others Write For Paul?

"Paul, a prisoner of Jesus Christ, and Timothy our brother, unto Philemon our dearly beloved, and fellowlabourer ... Written from Rome to Philemon, by Onesimus a servant"

The apostle Paul (see Paul, The Apostle To The World) was the author of all of the epistles (see The Epistles: What Is An Epistle?) that are identified with Paul as the author. That is true whether he did the writing himself, or whether he dictated it to others who did the actual writing (just as Jesus Christ did to the apostle John for the "book" of Revelation; see Revelation: Thy Kingdom Come and Apocalypse Now).

The primary reason for that, in view of the fact that Paul was a highly-educated Pharisee would could read and write very well, is that prisoners, particularly political prisoners who were declaring that a "new world order" is surely coming (see What Gospel Did Jesus Preach? and The Only Political Party That's Going To Survive; also The Patriotism Prophecy), while sometimes are allowed visitors, are not always allowed to have writing materials, or sufficient writing materials to write a lengthy epistle, because their words are their weapons (see also The Religion And Politics Of The Messiah's Assassination).

Some examples of when Paul wrote the entire letter "in his own hand," or just the opening "in his own hand," or had someone else record the words that Paul spoke for the written letter.

Paul

"16:21 The salutation of me Paul with mine own hand." (1 Corinthians 16:21 KJV)

"6:11 Ye see how large a letter I have written unto you with mine own hand." (Galatians 6:11 KJV)

"3:17 The salutation of Paul with mine own hand, which is the token in every epistle: so I write." (2 Thessalonians 3:17 KJV)

"1:19 I Paul have written it with mine own hand, I will repay it: albeit I do not say to thee how thou owest unto me even thine own self besides." (Philemon 1:19 KJV)

"1:1 Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, separated unto the gospel of God ... 1:7 To all that be in Rome, beloved of God, called to be saints: Grace to you and peace from God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ. ... 16:22 I Tertius, who wrote this epistle, salute you in the Lord." (Romans 1:1,7 16:22 KJV)

Some editions of the King James Version add historic notes at the end of Paul's epistles to provide detailed information about the writing of the epistle. The notes are shown in red.

"16:27 To God only wise, be glory through Jesus Christ for ever. Amen. Written to the Romans from Corinthus, and sent by Phebe servant of the church at Cenchrea." (Romans 16:27 KJV)

"16:24 My love be with you all in Christ Jesus. Amen. The first epistle to the Corinthians was written from Philippi by Stephanas and Fortunatus and Achaicus and Timotheus." (1 Corinthians 16:24 KJV)

"13:14 The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the communion of the Holy Ghost, be with you all. Amen. The second epistle to the Corinthians was written from Philippi, a city of Macedonia, by Titus and Lucas." (2 Corinthians 13:14 KJV)

"6:24 Grace be with all them that love our Lord Jesus Christ in sincerity. Amen. To the Ephesians written from Rome, by Tychicus." (Ephesians 6:24 KJV)

"4:23 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen. To the Philippians written from Rome, by Epaphroditus." (Philippians 4:23 KJV)

"4:18 The salutation by the hand of me Paul. Remember my bonds. Grace be with you. Amen. Written from Rome to Colossians by Tychicus and Onesimus." (Colossians 4:18 KJV)

"4:22 The Lord Jesus Christ be with thy spirit. Grace be with you. Amen. The second epistle unto Timotheus, ordained the first bishop of the church of the Ephesians, was written from Rome, when Paul was brought before Nero the second time." (2 Timothy 4:22 KJV)

"1:25 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with your spirit. Amen. Written from Rome to Philemon, by Onesimus a servant." (Philemon 1:25 KJV)

"13:25 Grace be with you all. Amen. Written to the Hebrews from Italy, by Timothy." (Hebrews 13:25 KJV)

Understanding the circumstances of how, when and where something was written can greatly enhance the understanding of what was written. While Bible "critics" ignorantly whine and snipe at Biblical realities that they have yet to take the time and heart to really see, the Holy Scriptures are rock-solid and true - written by people with a single Holy Spirit as their light (see Why Can't Light Be Hidden?).

Note how many "fellowservants" and "fellowworkers" that Paul acknowledged, just in his closing of his epistle to the Colossians - including a Greek man named Luke ("Luke, the beloved physician") who himself was later given to write a large portion of the Biblical record - Luke (see The Epistles: Luke) and Acts (see Acts: Luke's Second Letter To Theophilus) and a young man named Mark ("Marcus, sister's son to Barnabas") who wrote the book by his name (see Mark: Was It John Mark?).

"4:1 Masters, give unto your servants that which is just and equal; knowing that ye also have a Master in heaven.

4:2 Continue in prayer, and watch in the same with thanksgiving; 4:3 Withal praying also for us, that God would open unto us a door of utterance, to speak the mystery of Christ, for which I am also in bonds: 4:4 That I may make it manifest, as I ought to speak. 4:5 Walk in wisdom toward them that are without, redeeming the time. 4:6 Let your speech be alway with grace, seasoned with salt, that ye may know how ye ought to answer every man.

4:7 All my state shall Tychicus declare unto you, who is a beloved brother, and a faithful minister and fellowservant in the Lord: 4:8 Whom I have sent unto you for the same purpose, that he might know your estate, and comfort your hearts; 4:9 With Onesimus, a faithful and beloved brother, who is one of you. They shall make known unto you all things which are done here.

4:10 Aristarchus my fellowprisoner saluteth you, and Marcus, sister's son to Barnabas, (touching whom ye received commandments: if he come unto you, receive him;) 4:11 And Jesus, which is called Justus, who are of the circumcision. These only are my fellowworkers unto the kingdom of God, which have been a comfort unto me. 4:12 Epaphras, who is one of you, a servant of Christ, saluteth you, always labouring fervently for you in prayers, that ye may stand perfect and complete in all the will of God. 4:13 For I bear him record, that he hath a great zeal for you, and them that are in Laodicea, and them in Hierapolis. 4:14 Luke, the beloved physician, and Demas, greet you. 4:15 Salute the brethren which are in Laodicea, and Nymphas, and the church which is in his house.

4:16 And when this epistle is read among you, cause that it be read also in the church of the Laodiceans; and that ye likewise read the epistle from Laodicea.

4:17 And say to Archippus, Take heed to the ministry which thou hast received in the Lord, that thou fulfil it.

4:18 The salutation by the hand of me Paul. Remember my bonds. Grace be with you. Amen.

Written from Rome to Colossians by Tychicus and Onesimus." (Colossians 4:1-18 KJV)

Fact Finder: What was the origin of the English-language word "grammar"?
See The Apostle Paul's Gramma


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This Day In History, September 2

490 BC: The Greek hero Pheidippides died (see Demigod to understand the origin of the term "hero").

47 BC: Cleopatra VII of Egypt declared her son to be co-ruler, with the name Ptolemy XV Caesarion (see The Cleopatra Connection).

31 BC: Octavian, later known as Caesar Augustus (as he is also recorded in the Bible i.e. Luke 2:1-7) defeated Antony and Cleopatra at the Battle of Actium. Some historians regard this date to be the end of the Roman Republic (see The Politics Of Rome) and the beginning of the Roman Empire (see A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars).

Battle of Actium

1547: Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes died at age 62. The "Conqueror" battled Aztec emperor Montezuma in Mexico.

1649: Castro, Italy was destroyed by military forces at the behest of Pope Innocent X.

1752: The last day that the Julian Calendar (named after Roman emperor Julius Caesar) was used in Britain and its colonies. The present Gregorian calendar (named after Roman Catholic Pope Gregory XIII) began in use the next day.

1807: The British began bombarding Copenhagen to stop Napoleon from using the Danish fleet against Britain.

1859: A solar storm caused outages in telegraph service.

1864: During the U.S. Civil War, Atlanta, Georgia fell to Federal troops.

1870: During the Franco-Prussian War, France suffered a devastating defeat at Sedan when the Germans captured an entire French army along with emperor Napoleon III. The new German Reich chose September 2 - in commemoration of the German victory and French humiliation - as a national holiday. The French response to the German victory was the deposition of Napoleon III and a proclamation of a republican Government of National Defense.

1901: U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt stated his famous imperial policy that the then-emerging U.S. empire (ironically, the U.S. has become what its founders rebelled, and warned, against) should "speak softly and carry a big stick."

1935: The "Labor Day Hurricane of 1935" killed over 400 people in the Florida Keys.

1944: Anne Frank, at age 15, was sent to the Auschwitz concentration camp. The Dutch-Jewish girl, famous for her Diary of Anne Frank died at the Belsen concentration camp the next year, shortly before it was liberated by Allied troops near the end of the Second World War.

1945: "VJ Day" at the end of the Second World War. Japanese officials signed the terms of surrender with Allied leaders in Tokyo Bay.

1945: Vietnam declared its independence, forming the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. The country was later divided into North and South by French imperial forces, who called the country "French Indo-China," thereby triggering the later Vietnam civil war that the U.S. became involved in during the 1960s, before the Vietnamese people were again unified into a single country in the 1970s, free of foreign interference.

Vietnam

1958: A U.S. Air Force C-130 spy plane was shot down by Soviet warplanes in Armenia when after it flew into Soviet airspace. All crew members are killed. No military response was done.

1980: Terry Fox (who lost a leg to cancer) was forced to stop his cross-Canada "Marathon of Hope" run at Thunder Bay, Ontario, after he learned that his cancer had returned.

1998: The UN International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda found Jean Paul Akayesu guilty of genocide.

2001: South African heart surgeon Christiaan Barnard died at age 78. In 1967, he became the first to perform a heart transplant on a live human.


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