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Thursday, September 15 2016

1 Timothy 5: Where Did Respect First Happen?

"And the LORD had respect unto Abel and to his offering: But unto Cain and to his offering He had not respect ... And the LORD said unto Cain, Why art thou wroth? And why is thy countenance fallen? If thou doest well, shalt thou not be accepted?"

The English-language word "respect" originated from a Latin word, respecio, that meant to look back - with the applied meaning to consider. The words "species" and "specify" originated from the same word - again, with the applied meaning of to look and consider i.e. species are specified by looking at them and considering how they are unique. As such, all forms of the word meant to place a value.

Imagine if someone demanded that others love them. Whatever the response, would it be true love? Not hardly.

So too with respect. It cannot be demanded or forced. It isn't negotiable either. It's something that someone is judged, by observation, to be worthy of - or not. Otherwise, it's fear, not respect, or love.

The first respect in recorded history was that of the LORD (see The Identity Of The LORD God and The LORD God Our Saviour) for Abel - because of what Abel did. But notice carefully, that there was no favoritism or unfairness. The LORD told Cain that he could be respected too, if he did what was worthy of respect.

Cain and Abel

"4:3 And in process of time it came to pass, that Cain brought of the fruit of the ground an offering unto the LORD. 4:4 And Abel, he also brought of the firstlings of his flock and of the fat thereof. And the LORD had respect unto Abel and to his offering: 4:5 But unto Cain and to his offering he had not respect.

And Cain was very wroth, and his countenance fell.

4:6 And the LORD said unto Cain, Why art thou wroth? and why is thy countenance fallen? 4:7 If thou doest well, shalt thou not be accepted? and if thou doest not well, sin lieth at the door. And unto thee shall be his desire, and thou shalt rule over him." (Genesis 4:3-7 KJV)

Notice how the apostle Paul (see Paul, The Apostle To The World) taught respect - for those who were worthy of it. It was a principle that applied to young or old, male or female, rich or poor, weak or powerful. But by the grace of God, anyone could have been someone else.

"5:1 Rebuke not an elder, but intreat him as a father; and the younger men as brethren; 5:2 The elder women as mothers; the younger as sisters, with all purity.

5:3 Honour widows that are widows indeed. 5:4 But if any widow have children or nephews, let them learn first to shew piety at home, and to requite their parents: for that is good and acceptable before God. 5:5 Now she that is a widow indeed, and desolate, trusteth in God, and continueth in supplications and prayers night and day. 5:6 But she that liveth in pleasure is dead while she liveth. 5:7 And these things give in charge, that they may be blameless. 5:8 But if any provide not for his own, and specially for those of his own house, he hath denied the faith, and is worse than an infidel.

5:9 Let not a widow be taken into the number under threescore years old, having been the wife of one man, 5:10 Well reported of for good works; if she have brought up children, if she have lodged strangers, if she have washed the saints' feet, if she have relieved the afflicted, if she have diligently followed every good work.

5:11 But the younger widows refuse: for when they have begun to wax wanton against Christ, they will marry; 5:12 Having damnation, because they have cast off their first faith. 5:13 And withal they learn to be idle, wandering about from house to house; and not only idle, but tattlers also and busybodies, speaking things which they ought not. 5:14 I will therefore that the younger women marry, bear children, guide the house, give none occasion to the adversary to speak reproachfully. 5:15 For some are already turned aside after Satan.

5:16 If any man or woman that believeth have widows, let them relieve them, and let not the church be charged; that it may relieve them that are widows indeed.

5:17 Let the elders that rule well be counted worthy of double honour, especially they who labour in the word and doctrine. 5:18 For the scripture saith, Thou shalt not muzzle the ox that treadeth out the corn. And, The labourer is worthy of his reward. 5:19 Against an elder receive not an accusation, but before two or three witnesses. 5:20 Them that sin rebuke before all, that others also may fear.

5:21 I charge thee before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, and the elect angels, that thou observe these things without preferring one before another, doing nothing by partiality.

5:22 Lay hands suddenly on no man, neither be partaker of other men's sins: keep thyself pure.

5:23 Drink no longer water, but use a little wine for thy stomach's sake and thine often infirmities.

5:24 Some men's sins are open beforehand, going before to judgment; and some men they follow after. 5:25 Likewise also the good works of some are manifest beforehand; and they that are otherwise cannot be hid." (1 Timothy 5:1-25 KJV)

Fact Finder: What does "countenance" mean i.e. "And Cain was very wroth, and his countenance fell"?
See What Is Your Countenance Saying?


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This Day In History, September 15

76 BC: Alexander Jannaeus (Alexander Yannai), the Hasmonean / Maccabean king of Judaea, died (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Hasmonean Judea and Christ's Hanukkah). The Maccabees led the people of Judah to independence after the original "abomination of desolation" was committed in Jerusalem by the Syrian king Antiochus Epiphanes (see A History Of Jerusalem: Abomination Of Desolation). Alexander Jannaeus succeeded his brother Aristobulus in 103 BC. He was an ally of the Sadducees and persecuted their opponents, the Pharisees (see The Origin Of The Essenes, Sadducees And Pharisees).

Hasmonean Kingdom

668: Eastern Roman Emperor Constans II was assassinated at Syracuse, Italy.

1648: The Larger and the Shorter Catechisms, both produced by the Westminster Assembly the previous year, were approved by the British Parliament. These two documents have been in regular use among various Presbyterians, Congregationalists and Baptists from that time.

1697: Augustus II, elector of Saxony, was crowned king of Poland.

1776: During the revolution of the New England colonies that had been established by English pioneers and investment over 150 years earlier, British forces under General William Howe captured New York City (named after England's Duke of York).

1821: San Salvador, Costa Rica and Guatemala declared themselves independent of Spain.

1830: Britain's Liverpool and Manchester railway line opened.

1835: The HMS Beagle, with Charles Darwin aboard, arrived at the Galapagos Islands (see Rescuing Charles Darwin From The Atheists).

Charles Darwin

1916: The first deployment of tanks in battle - 49 British "Big Willies" participated in the Battle of The Somme during the First World War (listen to our Sermon The European World Wars).

1928: Scottish researcher Alexander Fleming discovered the antibiotic effect of penicillin.

1935: In Germany, the Nazis under the leadership of Adolf Hitler (see Why Does Satan Love Liars? and Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion) enacted the Nuremburg Laws, beginning a program of violent religious and racial persecution. All Jews were deprived of their citizenship and the "ghettos" were created. The same day, the Swastika became the national flag of Germany.

1938: British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain flew to Germany to meet Adolf Hitler at Berchtesgaden, the first of two meetings to try and avoid the crisis over the Sudetenland.

1940: At the height of the Battle of Britain, Royal Air Force Hurricanes and Spitfires shot down 185 Nazi planes. The day has since been celebrated as Battle of Britain day.

Royal Air Force

1945: A hurricane destroyed over 350 military aircraft at a naval air station in Florida.

1959: Nikita Khrushchev became the first Russian head of state to visit the U.S.

1963: During the struggle for civil rights of black people in the U.S., four black children died when their church in Montgomery, Alabama was destroyed by a bomb.

1968: The unmanned Soviet Zond 5 spaceship was launched. It became the first vehicle to fly around the Moon and then return and re-enter the Earth's atmosphere.

1972: Two former White House aides, Howard Hunt and Gordon Liddy, were added to the five men already charged with the break-in at the Watergate building during the Nixon regime.

1982: Despite Israel's protest, Pope John Paul II had a private meeting with "Palestinian" (see Where Is Palestine?) terrorist leader Yasser Arafat in the Vatican (see also A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad).

2008: Lehman Brothers filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy, the largest bankruptcy filing in U.S. history to date.


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