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Sunday, September 25 2016

Hebrews 1: Who Wrote The Epistle To The Hebrews?

"Know ye that our brother Timothy is set at liberty; with whom, if he come shortly, I will see you. Salute all them that have the rule over you, and all the saints. They of Italy salute you"

The author of the epistle (see The Epistles: What Is An Epistle?) to the Hebrews is unstated in the letter itself. That is unusual, to us now, however it seems abundantly obvious, to the recipients at the time, that it was the apostle Paul (see Paul, The Apostle To The World). The writer speaks with the tone and authority that was typical of Paul in his other letters to various church congregations throughout Turkey and Greece (e.g. see Unto The Churches Of Galatia and The Intercontinental Church Of God).

The author was an Israelite - which eliminates many possible writers, other than Paul, that have been suggested over the centuries (e.g. Timothy and Luke were Greeks):

"1:1 God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets" (Hebrews 1:1 KJV)

Jerusalem

The strongest clues however are found at the closing of the letter. Along with the apostolic authority of the letter, the statements about Timothy (a close associate of Paul - which also eliminates Timothy as the author) and Italy (Paul was taken to Rome for the trial before the Caesar; see Why Was Paul Sent To Rome?) eliminate many other possible writers.

"13:17 Obey them that have the rule over you, and submit yourselves: for they watch for your souls, as they that must give account, that they may do it with joy, and not with grief: for that is unprofitable for you.

13:18 Pray for us: for we trust we have a good conscience, in all things willing to live honestly. 13:19 But I beseech you the rather to do this, that I may be restored to you the sooner.

13:20 Now the God of peace, that brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, that great shepherd of the sheep, through the blood of the everlasting covenant, 13:21 Make you perfect in every good work to do his will, working in you that which is wellpleasing in his sight, through Jesus Christ; to whom be glory for ever and ever. Amen.

13:22 And I beseech you, brethren, suffer the word of exhortation: for I have written a letter unto you in few words.

13:23 Know ye that our brother Timothy is set at liberty; with whom, if he come shortly, I will see you.

13:24 Salute all them that have the rule over you, and all the saints. They of Italy salute you.

13:25 Grace be with you all. Amen." (Hebrews 13:17-25 KJV)

Regardless of who the author was (I believe that it was Paul), their Scriptural and prophetic knowledge was profound and accurate - consistent with all that was written before and after.

"1:1 God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets, 1:2 Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds; 1:3 Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high; 1:4 Being made so much better than the angels, as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.

1:5 For unto which of the angels said he at any time, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee?

And again, I will be to him a Father, and he shall be to me a Son?

1:6 And again, when he bringeth in the firstbegotten into the world, he saith, And let all the angels of God worship him.

1:7 And of the angels he saith, Who maketh his angels spirits, and his ministers a flame of fire.

1:8 But unto the Son he saith,

Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of thy kingdom. 1:9 Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, even thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.

1:10 And, Thou, Lord, in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the works of thine hands: 1:11 They shall perish; but thou remainest; and they all shall wax old as doth a garment; 1:12 And as a vesture shalt thou fold them up, and they shall be changed: but thou art the same, and thy years shall not fail.

1:13 But to which of the angels said he at any time, Sit on my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool?

1:14 Are they not all ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation?" (Hebrews 1:1-14 KJV)

Fact Finder: Was Abraham a Hebrew? How did Abraham become a father to many nations?
See the study series for Abraham (the links to all are in each one) beginning with A Biography Of Abraham: The Genealogy Of Abram


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This Day In History, September 25

275: Marcus Claudius Tacitus was proclaimed the Emperor of Rome (see A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars) after the assassination of Aurelian (see also Whatever Happened To Those Romans?).

1066: The Battle of Stamford Bridge ended the last Viking invasion of England.

1396: At Nicopolis, the Ottomans under Sultan Bajazet inflicted a severe defeat on the Church of Rome "Crusaders" led by "John the Fearless" of Nevers and King Sigismund of Hungary (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy).

1513: Spanish explorer Vasco Nunez de Balboa became the first known European to sight the Pacific Ocean. He claimed the entire Pacific Ocean, and all lands anywhere that were touched by it, for Spain.

The Spanish New World

1555: In Germany, the Peace of Augsburg was declared. It was the first effort by the Holy Roman Empire to allow Lutheranism (Protestantism) and Catholicism to exist together in the Holy Roman Empire (which by then was officially known as the Holy Roman Empire of The German Nation; see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).

German Empire

1629: The Truce of Altmark was signed. The 6 year peace settlement between Sweden and Poland ended the 1625-1629 phase of the Polish-Swedish War of Succession (1600-1660).

1644: Ole Romer was born. The Danish scientific researcher and astronomer was the first to accurately determine the speed of light - 186,000 miles per second. Light can travel around the entire earth 7 times in 1 second, or travel from the earth to the moon in just over 1 second. It takes light about 8 minutes to travel from the sun to the earth.

1726: The French-heritage Acadians of eastern Canada signed an English oath of allegiance on the condition they did not have to fight the French. Other Canadian Acadians left and went to the French colony of Louisiana (named after King Louis XIV of France) where "Acadian" became pronounced as "Cajun."

New France
1818: The first human blood transfusion took place at a hospital in London, England.

1956: A transatlantic telephone cable between Britain and Canada was inaugurated with an exchange of greetings between London and Ottawa. Reaching from Oban, Scotland, to Clarenville, Newfoundland, the $42,000,000.00 cable consisted of 2 lines laid 30 kilometers apart on the ocean floor.

1996: Israeli troops and "Palestinian" (see Where Is Palestine? and Jordan's West Bank Invasion) security forces exchanged gunfire in Jerusalem and in other areas in Israel, set off by Palestinian opposition to an Israeli historical research tunnel dug in Jerusalem in the area of the Temple Mount (see David's Altar, Israel In History and Prophecy: The Temple and Raiders Of The Lost Ark). The confrontation was described as the heaviest fighting in Jerusalem since the area was captured by the Jews (see Jews - Three Tribes and Three Meanings) during the 1967 Six Day War (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Israel Of Judah, Israel's Wars In The Twentieth Century and A History Of Jerusalem: War And Peace).

2008: China launched Shenzhou 7, the third human spaceflight of the Chinese space program. It included the first Chinese extra-vehicular activity (i.e. outside the spacecraft) by Zhai Zhigang and Liu Boming.


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