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Tuesday, October 4 2016

Hebrews 9: The Mediator Of The New Testament

"And for this cause He is the mediator of the New Testament, that by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions that were under the first Testament, they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance"

The office of Levite High Priest was created by the LORD (see The Identity Of The LORD God and The LORD God Our Saviour) as a prophetic portrayal of the Messiah (see Why Did Jesus Christ Choose Aaron? and When Were The Levites Set Apart?).

The author of Hebrews (see Who Wrote The Epistle To The Hebrews?) begins this section with a description of what the High Priest was given to do. Note that the Most Holy Place, where the Ark of the Covenant (see What Did Jesus Christ Write In The Ark Of Moses?) and the Mercy Seat were placed (see The Law Of The Mercy Seat), was entered only once per year by the High Priest - on the Day of Atonement (See The Christian Day Of Atonement).

The High Priest

"9:1 Then verily the first covenant had also ordinances of divine service, and a worldly sanctuary. 9:2 For there was a tabernacle made; the first, wherein was the candlestick, and the table, and the shewbread; which is called the sanctuary. 9:3 And after the second veil, the tabernacle which is called the Holiest of all; 9:4 Which had the golden censer, and the ark of the covenant overlaid round about with gold, wherein was the golden pot that had manna, and Aaron's rod that budded, and the tables of the covenant; 9:5 And over it the cherubims of glory shadowing the mercyseat; of which we cannot now speak particularly.

9:6 Now when these things were thus ordained, the priests went always into the first tabernacle, accomplishing the service of God. 9:7 But into the second went the high priest alone once every year, not without blood, which he offered for himself, and for the errors of the people: 9:8 The Holy Ghost this signifying, that the way into the holiest of all was not yet made manifest, while as the first tabernacle was yet standing: 9:9 Which was a figure for the time then present, in which were offered both gifts and sacrifices, that could not make him that did the service perfect, as pertaining to the conscience; 9:10 Which stood only in meats and drinks, and divers washings, and carnal ordinances, imposed on them until the time of reformation." (Hebrews 9:1-10 KJV)

The Levite High Priest symbolized the sinless Messiah. As such, the High Priest was instructed to make atonement sacrifices ("the blood of bulls and of goats") for himself - to make himself symbolically sinless when he entered the Most Holy Place (see The Blood Of Bulls And Goats).

The author of Hebrews then continues the lesson with an explanation of how the Levite High Priest has always been about the Sacrifice and Atonement mission of the one and only Messiah, Jesus Christ (see also The Covenant Of The New Testament).

"9:11 But Christ being come an high priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building; 9:12 Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us. 9:13 For if the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of an heifer sprinkling the unclean, sanctifieth to the purifying of the flesh: 9:14 How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?

9:15 And for this cause he is the mediator of the new testament, that by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions that were under the first testament, they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance.

9:16 For where a testament is, there must also of necessity be the death of the testator. 9:17 For a testament is of force after men are dead: otherwise it is of no strength at all while the testator liveth. 9:18 Whereupon neither the first testament was dedicated without blood. 9:19 For when Moses had spoken every precept to all the people according to the law, he took the blood of calves and of goats, with water, and scarlet wool, and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book, and all the people, 9:20 Saying, This is the blood of the testament which God hath enjoined unto you. 9:21 Moreover he sprinkled with blood both the tabernacle, and all the vessels of the ministry. 9:22 And almost all things are by the law purged with blood; and without shedding of blood is no remission.

9:23 It was therefore necessary that the patterns of things in the heavens should be purified with these; but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these. 9:24 For Christ is not entered into the holy places made with hands, which are the figures of the true; but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us: 9:25 Nor yet that he should offer himself often, as the high priest entereth into the holy place every year with blood of others; 9:26 For then must he often have suffered since the foundation of the world: but now once in the end of the world hath he appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself. 9:27 And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment: 9:28 So Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many; and unto them that look for him shall he appear the second time without sin unto salvation." (Hebrews 9:11-28 KJV)

Fact Finder: When did Jesus Christ fulfill the Day of Atonement?
See What Happened When The Messiah Arrived In Heaven?


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This Day In History, October 4

23: Rebel forces captured the Chinese capital Chang'an during a peasant rebellion. They decapitated the emperor, Wang Mang, two days later.

610: Heraclius became Byzantine (east Roman Empire) Emperor at Constantinople after overthrowing Emperor Phocas. Constantinople was named after Roman Emperor Constantine, the creator of the Church of Rome and many of its doctrines, including "Sunday" worship (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy and Why Observe The True Sabbath?).

Byzantine Empire

1209: King Otto IV of Germany was crowned Holy Roman Emperor (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).

1511: The formation of the "Holy League" of Ferdinand II of Aragon, the Papal States and the Republic of Venice against France.

1535 The first complete English-language Bible was produced by printer Miles Coverdale.

1582: The Gregorian calendar was ordered into use by Pope Gregory XIII. That year, to correct the season error accumulated by the Julian calendar (named after Julius Caesar), October 4 was to be followed by October 15. The order of the days of the week were not affected, but October 5 to 14 "did not happen" that year. Roman Catholic countries accepted the change, but Britain and its North American colonies did not accept the new Gregorian calendar for another 2 centuries, and Russia did not accept it until 1917. Today, the Gregorian calendar is used over most of the world (see Pope Gregory's Calendar).

1636: The Swedish Army defeated the armies of Saxony and the Holy Roman Empire at the Battle of Wittstock.

1795: Napoleon Bonaparte rose to national prominence with his famous "Whiff of Grapeshot" - using cannon loaded with grapeshot ("a cluster of small projectiles fired together from a cannon to produce a hail of shot") to put down counter-revolutionary rioters at the French Legislature.

1824: Mexico adopted a new constitution and became a federal republic. A vast area of Mexican territory was later taken by the U.S. - including what is today California, Nevada, Utah, Colorado, New Mexico and Texas.

Mexico

1830: Belgium became an independent nation apart from the Netherlands.

1853: After Russia refused to withdraw from the Danubian principalities, Turkey (i.e. the Ottoman Empire; listen to our Sermon The Ottoman Empire) declared war, thus starting the Crimean War; Russia against Turkey, England, France, and Sardinia. The war lasted 3 years.

1874: To stop further genocide of his people on the vast plains that they had freely lived on for many centuries before the white Europeans ("the white devils" as many native Americans came to call them) came, Kiowa chief Santana (the English pronunciation of a Kiowa word that means White Bear), known as "the Orator of the Plains," agreed to a military surrender in Darlington, Texas. In blatant violation of the surrender agreement, Santana was then sent to a penitentiary at Huntsville where he was imprisoned with common criminals and forced to work in road crews - thereafter spending his days, in chains, looking out to the open prairie that once was his homeland; he committed suicide in the prison 4 years later.

Santana

1883: The famous Orient Express train went into service.

1914: The first German Zeppelin raids on London (listen to our Sermon The European World Wars).

1918: Boris III took over as Czar of Bulgaria after Ferdinand abdicated.

1920: The first successful airplane flight across Canada was made by Robert Leckie and 4 others. Total flying time was 45 hours and 20 minutes to cover the 3,410 miles (5,490 kilometers).

1930: A revolution began in Brazil which lasted into November, when Getulio Vargas became president.

1940: Hitler of Germany (see Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion) and Mussolini of Italy, and their foreign ministers, held a summit meeting in an armored train at the Brenner Pass.

1952: The first cardiac pacemaker was implanted.

1957: The official roll-out ceremony of the first supersonic CF-105 at the Avro Canada plant in Malton, Ontario. The Canadian designed and built fighter aircraft was the fastest fighter in the world at the time.

Arrow

1957: The Russian Sputnik 1, the first man-made satellite, was launched, beginning the "space race."

1958: The first trans-Atlantic passenger jetliner service was begun by British Overseas Airways Corporation (BOAC) with flights between London and New York.

1963: Hurricane Flora killed 6,000 people in Cuba and Haiti.

1965: Pope Paul VI became the first pope to visit the U.S. and address the United Nations.

1993: President Boris Yeltsin stopped a hardline Communist rebellion. After a 10 hour tank assault on the Russian parliament building, he fired Vice-President Alexander Rutskoi, and jailed other opposition leaders.




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