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Saturday, October 15 2016
1 Peter 1: What Did Peter And Isaiah Say About Being Born Again?
"Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, from your vain conversation received by tradition from your fathers ... Being born again, not of corruptible seed, but of incorruptible, by the word of God, which liveth and abideth for ever"
The ministry of the apostle Peter is less-documented than that of the apostle Paul for two separate reasons.
While both were personally and purposefully chosen by the Messiah, Paul was a scholar, while Peter was a "regular guy" fisherman - so it was quite natural that much more was written by Paul (see also Why Were The First Apostles Fishermen Instead Of Carpenters?).
The other reason is that Paul was sent as an apostle to the world (see Paul, The Apostle To The World), while Peter was chosen, not only just to Israelites, but to just one tribe of the Israelites - Judah. It was moreover the reason that Paul traveled far and wide across the "world," while Peter remained in Judea ("1:18 Then after three years I went up to Jerusalem to see Peter, and abode with him fifteen days" Galatians 1:18 KJV and "2:1 Then fourteen years after I went up again to Jerusalem ... 2:9 And when James, Cephas, and John, who seemed to be pillars, perceived the grace that was given unto me, they gave to me and Barnabas the right hands of fellowship" Galatians 2:1,9 KJV).
Most of the epistles were written by Paul because they were a necessary part of a long-distance ministry, rather than a city or local area within easy walking distance in which epistles would be both unnecessary and inappropriate (see The Epistles: What Is An Epistle?).
For whatever reason, natural or acquired, Peter repeatedly demonstrated an xenophobic (having ignorant fear and hatred of the people of the rest of the world - a form of self-inflicted retardation based on arrogant nationalism) attitude toward the world, whereas Paul feared no one. Paul actually rebuked Peter for it: "2:11 But when Peter was come to Antioch, I withstood him to the face, because he was to be blamed. 2:12 For before that certain came from James, he did eat with the Gentiles: but when they were come, he withdrew and separated himself, fearing them which were of the circumcision." (Galatians 2:11-12 KJV)
Peter's first epistle is exceptional in that he got to write to "everyone" a little farther away, in Turkey ("to the strangers scattered throughout Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia"). Paul had already gone through, and far beyond, his homeland Turkey (see The Return Of The Home Town Apostles), but for Peter, it was a reaching out (perhaps because Paul had rebuked him for being too much of a "home boy") for the purpose of showing that there is only one true Gospel, for everyone (see What Gospel Did Jesus Preach?).
"1:1 Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, to the strangers scattered throughout Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia, 1:2 Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace unto you, and peace, be multiplied.
The famous "born again" and "John 3:16" verses are the teachings that were given by Jesus Christ to the Pharisee Nicodemus, as recorded by the apostle John (John, like Peter, was a fisherman, so being so was hardly a handicap in writing - John was given to write the Book of John, 3 epistles and the Book of Revelation). But "born again" was a long-known (as revealed by the LORD, who was later born as Jesus Christ, to His prophets) Truth. Notice that Peter taught the "born again" prophecy, as also taught by the prophet Isaiah centuries earlier - Peter quoted Isaiah 40:6-8 in verses 24 and 25 below).
"1:13 Wherefore gird up the loins of your mind, be sober, and hope to the end for the grace that is to be brought unto you at the revelation of Jesus Christ; 1:14 As obedient children, not fashioning yourselves according to the former lusts in your ignorance: 1:15 But as he which hath called you is holy, so be ye holy in all manner of conversation; 1:16 Because it is written, Be ye holy; for I am holy.
This Day In History, October 15
1066: Edgar the Aetheling was proclaimed King of England. He was the last legitimate male member of the royal line of Cerdic of Wessex.
1080: Heinrich (in English, Henry) VI of Germany was defeated by Rudolf of Rheinfelden at the Elster River; Rudolf was killed in the battle (see also The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).
1211: Latin Emperor Henry of Flanders defeated the Nicaean emperor Theodore I Lascaris at the Battle of the Rhyndacus.
1529: Ottoman (Turkish) forces lifted their siege of Vienna, Austria. The military struggles through that time determined whether Europe would be Roman Catholic or Islamic (see A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad).
1582: The Gregorian calendar began in Italy and Spain. 10 days were skipped to correct the accumulated seasonal error of the Julian calendar - October 5 was followed by October 15, although the days of the week were not affected.
1764: Edward Gibbon observed a group of Church of Rome monks singing in the ruined Temple of Jupiter in Rome. The scene inspired him to begin work on his famous The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire (see also A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars).
1783: In France, the Montgolfier brothers' hot air balloon achieved the first human ascent, by Jean-François Pilatre de Rozier.
1815: After his defeat and capture by the British at the Battle of Waterloo the previous June, Napoleon Bonaparte arrived under guard at the island of St. Helena where he was held in exile until he died in 1821.
1839: Britain's Queen Victoria proposed marriage to her first cousin, Albert. The marriage between Victoria and Albert was promoted by their uncle Leopold I, king of the Belgians.
1894: Alfred Dreyfus, a Jewish officer in the French army, was arrested for treason, tried, found guilty and sentenced to life in prison on Devil's Island. He was proven innocent in 1930, 36 years after his conviction. The "Dreyfus Affair" became one of the most famous stories of French history.
1917: Mata Hari (actual name Margaretha Zelle), 41, a Dutch spy for Germany during the First World War, was executed by a French firing squad at the Vincennes Barracks outside Paris.
1945: Vichy French Premier Pierre Laval is executed by a firing squad for his wartime collaboration with the Germans.
1946: Hermann Goering, 53, high-ranking Nazi official under Adolf Hitler, committed suicide in his prison cell 2 hours before his scheduled hanging for war crimes (see also Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).
1964: Nikita Khrushchev was ousted as First Secretary of the U.S.S.R. Communist Party. He was replaced by Leonid Brezhnev, and Alexi Kosygin as Prime Minister.
1970: Anwar Sadat became president of Egypt, succeeding Gamel Abdel Nasser.
1971: Iran (known until the 1920s as Persia) celebrated 2500 years as a nation. It was Persia that defeated the Babylonian Empire (see The Prophet Daniel: The Hand Writing On The Wall) and freed the people of Judah from their Babylonian captivity (see The Prophecies Of Cyrus of Persia).
1990: Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev won the Nobel Peace Prize for his removal of the Berlin Wall and the "Iron Curtain" in Europe.
2013: A 7.2-magnitude earthquake struck the Philippines.