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Wednesday, November 30 2016
A Map Of The Life Of Jesus
"The reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judaea, and Herod being tetrarch of Galilee, and his brother Philip tetrarch of Ituraea and of the region of Trachonitis, and Lysanias the tetrarch of Abilene"
In the time of the Messiah's first coming (see also The Messiah's Returns - To Heaven And Earth), the land of Israel was under Roman military occupation. The Romans, being the orderly conquerors that they were, carved up other nations into military sectors that usually used (inflated or deflated) earlier true meanings of those sovereign areas (see The State of The World Where Is The Real Palestine? and Daily Bible Study Where Is Palestine?).
Nearly all of the most famous Romans in the New Testament record were Roman military governors. The people of Judah were allowed to have their own token and subservient police (the Temple guards/police were sent to arrest the Messiah before His Crucifixion), while the Roman governors employed Roman Legions to "lead" (see Leaders And Pushers).
The Biblical record uses both "governor" (e.g. "Pontius Pilate being governor of Judaea") and "tetrarch" (e.g. "Herod being tetrarch of Galilee"; see the Fact Finder question below). Is there a difference?
"Tetrarch," from the Greek words tetra, meaning four, and arche, meaning to rule, was used by the Greeks for a military commander of a section of a phalanx (a dense infantry battle formation of swordsmen and spearmen used to penetrate and overrun a less-concentrated enemy force). The Romans later adopted the title for a Roman governor over a quarter of a province. The term was also employed for a ruler of a province generally, with the tetrarch also sometimes referred to as a king. The most-mentioned tetrarch of Bible History is Herod Antipas (see the Fact Finder question below) who was directly involved in the deaths of both John the Baptist and Jesus Christ (it was the father of Herod Antipas, Herod the Great, who tried to have the Messiah killed as an infant; see Escape From Herod and The Rachel's Children Prophecy).
Compare the recorded Roman military governors with the map below.
"3:1 Now in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judaea, and Herod being tetrarch of Galilee, and his brother Philip tetrarch of Ituraea and of the region of Trachonitis, and Lysanias the tetrarch of Abilene, 3:2 Annas and Caiaphas being the high priests, the word of God came unto John the son of Zacharias in the wilderness." (Luke 3:1-2 KJV)
This Day In History, November 30
1016: King Edmund II of England died. He became known as "Ironside" for his defense of England against the invading Danes under Canute (or "Knut"). Canute's forces eventually won however, and made the Danish/Polish Viking Canute the king of England for 20 years, during which the pro-Rome Canute made England into a territory of the so-called Holy Roman Empire (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).
1215: The Fourth Lateran Council ended. Convened by Pope Innocent III, it made the first official use of the Church of Rome's man-made doctrine of "transubstantiation."
1554: Under Queen Mary (Mary Tudor - "Bloody Mary") Roman Catholicism was restored to England for a short time. Mary had Thomas Cranmer, Hugh Latimer, Nicholas Ridley and nearly 300 other Protestant leaders burned at the stake.
1700: A Swedish force of 8,000 under King Charles XII defeated 50,000 Russians at the Battle of Narva. The Russian loses were 10,000, while Sweden lost 600. Charles died on this date, in 1718, while invading Norway.
1718: Sweden's King Charles XII died during the siege of the fortress Fredriksten in Norway.
1786: Peter Leopold Joseph of Habsburg-Lorraine, Grand Duke of Tuscany, proclaimed a criminal justice reform policy that made his country the first to abolish the death penalty.
1803: Spain officially transferred the Louisiana Territory to France. Less than 3 weeks later, France transfered the territory to the U.S. as the Louisiana Purchase.
1824: Work began on the Welland Canal. The canal, located in the Province of Ontario, connects Lake Ontario and Lake Erie, bypassing Niagara Falls, enabling large ocean-going ships to access ports in Ontario, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Michigan, Wisconsin, Illinois and Minnesota.
1838: Mexico declared war on France after the French taking of Vera Cruz. See also The Mexican Border Wall
1853: During the Crimean War, the Russia's navy devastated much of the Turkish (i.e. Ottoman) fleet at the battle of Sinope (listen to our Sermon The Ottoman Empire).
1934: The British Railways steam locomotive Flying Scotsman became the first to officially exceed 100 miles per hour.
1939: Russia invaded Finland with 20 army divisions consisting of nearly 500,000 troops.
1950: U.S. President Harry Truman threatened to again use his atomic bombs (his first two uses of "the bomb" incinerated the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in which over 200,000 civilian men, women and children were killed or horribly burned), this time against North Korea. From that time on, North Korea (and a number of other nations) sought to get "the bomb" too, to defend themselves from those who threaten to destroy their country with nuclear weapons. See also Who Would Throw A Nuclear Boomerang? and Why Was Korea Divided Into North And South?
1983: Radio Shack began selling its Tandy computer (80186 chip).
1988: The United Nations General Assembly censured the U.S. for not providing Palestinian terrorist leader Yasser Arafat a diplomatic visa to enter New York for the sole purpose of addressing the UN (see also Where Is Palestine?).
1996: Prince Andrew returned the Stone of Scone (pronounced "scoon") to Scotland on behalf of England after exactly 700 years during a ceremony in the Great Hall of Edinburgh Castle. The 440 pound block of grey sandstone was the coronation seat of Scottish kings until it was carried away as war booty by King Edward I in 1296. It was placed under the coronation chair in Westminster Abbey where it has been involved in all coronations since then.