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Sunday, December 18 2016

Camp Rephidim

"And they removed from Alush, and encamped at Rephidim"

Rephidim was the last encampment site of the Israelites (see The First Sinai Census) before they arrived at Mount Sinai (see Arrival At Mount Sinai).

Although the Exodus had been accomplished (see The Passover Moon At Midnight and The First Passover), the Commandments and instructions that they were given at Mount Sinai had not yet been delivered. As such, their encampment looked very different than it did later. At Rephidim, the Tabernacle did not yet exist (see The Building Of The Tabernacle), nor did the Levite priesthood (see When Were The Levites Set Apart?) - both of which later formed the heart of the camp (see the diagram at The Camp).

Sinai

The stages of their journey from Egypt (see also Children Of Ham - The Origin Of Egypt And Iraq) to Rephidim:

"33:1 These are the journeys of the children of Israel, which went forth out of the land of Egypt with their armies under the hand of Moses and Aaron. 33:2 And Moses wrote their goings out according to their journeys by the commandment of the LORD: and these are their journeys according to their goings out.

33:3 And they departed from Rameses in the first month, on the fifteenth day of the first month; on the morrow after the passover the children of Israel went out with an high hand in the sight of all the Egyptians. 33:4 For the Egyptians buried all their firstborn, which the LORD had smitten among them: upon their gods also the LORD executed judgments.

33:5 And the children of Israel removed from Rameses, and pitched in Succoth.

33:6 And they departed from Succoth, and pitched in Etham, which is in the edge of the wilderness.

33:7 And they removed from Etham, and turned again unto Pihahiroth, which is before Baalzephon: and they pitched before Migdol.

33:8 And they departed from before Pihahiroth, and passed through the midst of the sea into the wilderness, and went three days' journey in the wilderness of Etham, and pitched in Marah.

33:9 And they removed from Marah, and came unto Elim: and in Elim were twelve fountains of water, and threescore and ten palm trees; and they pitched there.

33:10 And they removed from Elim, and encamped by the Red sea.

33:11 And they removed from the Red sea, and encamped in the wilderness of Sin.

33:12 And they took their journey out of the wilderness of Sin, and encamped in Dophkah.

33:13 And they departed from Dophkah, and encamped in Alush.

33:14 And they removed from Alush, and encamped at Rephidim, where was no water for the people to drink.

33:15 And they departed from Rephidim, and pitched in the wilderness of Sinai." (Numbers 33:1-15 KJV)

The Israelites had become a kept people in the generation of their slavery (see How Long Were They Slaves?). They had to learn how to supply themselves with the necessities of life again. Until then, they constantly whined to Moses.

Rephidim

"17:1 And all the congregation of the children of Israel journeyed from the wilderness of Sin, after their journeys, according to the commandment of the LORD, and pitched in Rephidim: and there was no water for the people to drink. 17:2 Wherefore the people did chide with Moses, and said, Give us water that we may drink.

And Moses said unto them, Why chide ye with me? wherefore do ye tempt the LORD? 17:3 And the people thirsted there for water; and the people murmured against Moses, and said, Wherefore is this that thou hast brought us up out of Egypt, to kill us and our children and our cattle with thirst?

17:4 And Moses cried unto the LORD, saying, What shall I do unto this people? they be almost ready to stone me.

17:5 And the LORD said unto Moses, Go on before the people, and take with thee of the elders of Israel; and thy rod, wherewith thou smotest the river, take in thine hand, and go. 17:6 Behold, I will stand before thee there upon the rock in Horeb; and thou shalt smite the rock, and there shall come water out of it, that the people may drink. And Moses did so in the sight of the elders of Israel. 17:7 And he called the name of the place Massah, and Meribah, because of the chiding of the children of Israel, and because they tempted the LORD, saying, Is the LORD among us, or not?" (Exodus 17:1-7 KJV)

The Israelites would thereafter have to learn to defend themselves as well. Their first major training came with the well-known battle of Rephidim.

"17:8 Then came Amalek, and fought with Israel in Rephidim. 17:9 And Moses said unto Joshua, Choose us out men, and go out, fight with Amalek: to morrow I will stand on the top of the hill with the rod of God in mine hand.

17:10 So Joshua did as Moses had said to him, and fought with Amalek: and Moses, Aaron, and Hur went up to the top of the hill. 17:11 And it came to pass, when Moses held up his hand, that Israel prevailed: and when he let down his hand, Amalek prevailed. 17:12 But Moses' hands were heavy; and they took a stone, and put it under him, and he sat thereon; and Aaron and Hur stayed up his hands, the one on the one side, and the other on the other side; and his hands were steady until the going down of the sun. 17:13 And Joshua discomfited Amalek and his people with the edge of the sword.

17:14 And the LORD said unto Moses, Write this for a memorial in a book, and rehearse it in the ears of Joshua: for I will utterly put out the remembrance of Amalek from under heaven.

17:15 And Moses built an altar, and called the name of it Jehovahnissi: 17:16 For he said, Because the LORD hath sworn that the LORD will have war with Amalek from generation to generation." (Exodus 17:8-16 KJV)

So it was that, three months after the Exodus, the Israelites moved on from Rephidim to Mount Sinai.

"19:1 In the third month, when the children of Israel were gone forth out of the land of Egypt, the same day came they into the wilderness of Sinai. 19:2 For they were departed from Rephidim, and were come to the desert of Sinai, and had pitched in the wilderness; and there Israel camped before the mount." (Exodus 19:1-2 KJV)

Fact Finder: Why is "Sinai" specified in Mount Sinai?
See The Prophecy Of Mount Sinai In Arabia


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This Day In History, December 18

218 BC: The Battle of the Trebia during the Second Punic War; Hannibal's Carthaginian forces defeated those of the Roman Republic (see The Politics Of Rome and A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars).

Hannibal

1118: Alfonso the Battler, the King of Aragon, captured Saragossa from the Muslims who then held Spain (listen to our Sermon The Ottoman Empire).

1271: Kublai Khan renamed his empire "Yuan," thereby beginning the Yuan Dynasty of Mongolia and China (see also The Origin Of Gog And Magog and End-Time Gog And Magog)).

1398: Turkish warrior Timur Lenk (Tamurlane) conquered Delhi.

1642: Abel Tasman became the first (known) European to land in New Zealand (Tasmania is named after Tasman).

Abel Tasman

1737: Antonio Stradivari, the famous Italian violin-maker, died.

1813: Fort Niagara was captured by the British from the U.S. during the War of 1812 (1812-1814).

1863: Franz Ferdinand, the Archduke of Austria, was born. His assassination in Sarajevo in 1914 sparked the chain of events which ignited the First World War (listen to our Sermon The European World Wars).

Franz Ferdinand

1865: The 13th Amendment of the U.S. Constitution, abolishing slavery, was proclaimed.

1892: The first public performance of The Nutcracker by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky in Saint Petersburg, Russia.

1898: The first official automobile speed record was set: 39 miles / 63 kilometers per hour.

1912: Charles Dawson (not to be confused with Charles Darwin) discovered fossils which became known as the "Piltdown Man" in East Sussex, England, and claimed they were remains of primitive man. It was later discovered to be a hoax (see also Rescuing Charles Darwin From The Atheists).

1914: A few months after the start of the First World War (1914-1918), Britain declared Egypt its protectorate for the time that it would be freed from Ottoman occupation. Egypt was declared independent in 1922.

1916: During the First World War, the Battle of Verdun ended after 10 months of fighting - France and Germany lost 330,000 killed and wounded.

1939: At the start of the Second World War (September 1, 1939 to August 15, 1945; the U.S. entered the war in December 1941, 2 years and 3 months after it began), the first contingent of Canadian troops arrived in Britain to join with the British in the war against Hitler. The troops of the First Canadian Division had sailed from Halifax on December 10 in 5 ocean liners, accompanied by the Royal Canadian Navy battleship Resolution. When they reached the Clyde there was a great array of British sea power to welcome them. Winston Churchill, then First Lord of The Admiralty, broadcast the news of the Canadians' safe arrival with His famous "It has warmed the cockles of our hearts."

1940: Adolf Hitler issued the orders for the invasion of the Soviet Union - known as Operation Barbarossa (see Russia Or Europe - Who Has Been The Invader? and The Terrorist Attack That Enabled Hitler To Become A Dictator).

1956: Japan was admitted to the United Nations (see also Why Was Korea Divided Into North And South?).

1969: Britain abolished the death penalty.

1972: During the Vietnam War, U.S. President Richard Nixon (then under investigation for the criminal Watergate burglaries, and in need of a foreign boogyman to divert attention) declared that the U.S. would attack North Vietnam during a series of Christmas bombings.

1989: The European Economic Community and the Soviet Union signed an agreement on trade, commercial and economic cooperation.

2006: The United Arab Emirates held its first-ever elections.

2008: Mark Felt died at age 95. Felt, an FBI agent before and during the Nixon administration, was identified as the Watergate "Deep Throat" informant to Carl Bernstein and Bob Woodward of the Washington Post. The leads that Felt provided eventually brought about Nixon's resignation and the criminal conviction of numerous of Nixon's associates.


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