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Wednesday, December 28 2016
A Biography Of Jesus Christ: The Years In Cleopatra's Egypt
"When he arose, he took the young child and His mother by night, and departed into Egypt: And was there until the death of Herod: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the LORD by the prophet, saying, Out of Egypt have I called My son"
When most people think of Egypt in the Bible, they focus on the Pharaohs - the actual Egyptian kings who ruled their own people, in their own land (see Children Of Ham - The Origin Of Egypt And Iraq). While that history of Egypt did indeed extend far back over the centuries, by the time of the Messiah, Egypt, like Judea, was under Roman rule. But just beginning as such. For the most part, Egypt was still under Greek cultural influence at the time that the Messiah was taken to Egypt to escape Herod's assassination attempt upon Him - where He remained until it was Herod that was dead.
"2:7 Then Herod, when he had privily called the wise men, enquired of them diligently what time the star appeared. 2:8 And he sent them to Bethlehem, and said, Go and search diligently for the young child; and when ye have found him, bring me word again, that I may come and worship him also.
Alexander the Great was a young Greek king who made Greece into an Empire that extended across southern Europe, north Africa (including Egypt - the city of Alexandria, Egypt is named after that Greek king), and far across the Middle East right to India.
When Alexander died in his early thirties, without royal heirs, his empire was divided into four major sections (see "A History Of Jerusalem: Greeks, Ptolemies, Seleucids" in the Fact Finder question below). Egypt came under the control of Ptolemy, one of Alexander's generals. From him came the Ptolemaic Dynasty that ruled for three centuries, until the murder of Caesarion (Ptolemy XV), the 17 year old son of Cleopatra and Julius Caesar, by order of Octavian in 30 B.C. Octavian is better known to readers of the Holy Bible as Caesar Augustus - the Roman imperial king who declared the census that resulted in the Messiah being born in Bethlehem, exactly as prophesied (see Why Did They Go Home To Bethlehem?).
As such, the Messiah's few years in Egypt did not get Him out of the jurisdiction of the Roman Empire, but it did get Him safely out of the jurisdiction of Herod - and into the land of Cleopatra (see the Fact Finder question below to understand what "Cleopatra" actually means).
Fact Finder: What was the primary effect of the Greek and Roman Empires on the fulfillment of prophecy?
This Day In History, December 28
457: Majorian, a general of the Roman army, became emperor of the Western Roman Empire after deposing Emperor Avitus (see also A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars).
484: Alaric II succeeded his father Euric as king of the Visigoths. The Visigoths (from the Latin meaning western Goths) and Ostrogoths (from the Latin meaning eastern Goths) were branches of the Germanic people referred to collectively as the Goths. The Germanic people eventually succeeded and became the later Roman Empire (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).
1065: Westminster Abbey was consecrated.
1612: By means of the newly-invented telescope, Galileo Galilei became the first astronomer to observe the planet known as "Neptune" (a pagan name given to it by men). Galileo was not the inventor of the telescope, but he was the first to use it to study the heavens (see also What Can You See In The Firmament Of The Heavens? and What Are The Hunter and The Seven Sisters Doing In Heaven?).
1688: William of Orange made a triumphant march into London as James II fled.
1694: Queen Mary II of England died of smallpox at age 32.
1698: George I of England got divorced.
1795: Plans for building Toronto's famous Yonge Street were first proposed. While the southern section of it is today a major street in Toronto, the original 48 kilometer road from York (i.e. Toronto) north to Lake Simcoe was one of the earliest highways in Canada. It was named after Sir George Yonge, then Secretary of State for War in the British government.
1836: Spain recognized the independence of Mexico, which at the time included large areas of what is today the U.S. (California, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas).
1849: Paris tailor Jolly Bellin reportedly discovered "dry cleaning" when he accidentally upset a lamp containing turpentine and oil on His clothing and saw the cleaning effect.
1895: Antoine and Louis Lumiere introduced their Cinematograph (which projected "moving pictures") in the basement of the Grand Cafe in Paris.
1908: Over 82,000 people were killed by an earthquake that struck the Sicilian town of Messina. A tidal wave that followed caused more devastation.
1923: Alexander Eiffel died at age 91. He designed the Eiffel Tower in Paris, which is named after him.
1936: Benito Mussolini sent war planes to Spain in support of Francisco Franco (see Is Iniquity Liberal Or Conservative?).
1946: French occupation forces declared martial law in Vietnam. It was the colonial French who divided Vietnam into two countries, North and South. When the French were the driven out during the resulting civil war, the U.S. replaced them in an effort to maintain the artificial boundary. The Vietnam War was actually a civil war caused by foreigners who claimed Vietnam was their own dominion.
1947: Victor Emmanuel III, king of Italy 1900-1946, died at age 78. His reign brought an end to the Italian monarchy.
1948: Prime Minister Nokrashy Pasha of Egypt was assassinated by a member of the "Muslim Brotherhood." Pasha had just outlawed the group because he regarded them as terrorists.
1950: Chinese troops crossed the 38th Parallel into South Korea.
1997: The government of Hong Kong ordered the slaughter of 1.3 million chickens as well as a large number of ducks, geese, quail and other poultry in an effort to stop the spread of a newly discovered variety of flu.