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Friday, December 30 2016
A Biography Of Jesus Christ: Capernaum On The Lake Shore
"And leaving Nazareth, he came and dwelt in Capernaum, which is upon the sea coast ... That it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Esaias the prophet"
Capernaum was located on the northern shore of the Sea Of Galilee (which is actually a freshwater lake) near where the sources of the Jordan River enter the body of water from the north. The Jordan River then exits out through the southern shore of the lake and then flows southward to Judea, before terminating in the Salt Sea / Dead Sea (see also The Salt Sea In History And Prophecy). In effect, the Sea / Lake of Galilee is a northern section of the Jordan River.
Capernaum was located on a primary road between Damascus in Syria (see A Biography Of Jacob: The Jacobites Of Syria and The Syrian Tongue Of Jesus) and places southward throughout central Israel and beyond.
In the few years that the Messiah lived there, after departing Nazareth when His Ministry began (see A Biography Of Jesus Christ: Life In Nazareth), He attended and taught at the Synagogue in Capernaum on the Sabbath ("1:21 And they went into Capernaum; and straightway on the sabbath day he entered into the synagogue, and taught" Mark 1:21 KJV; see also Why Observe The True Sabbath?). That Synagogue has been partially restored by archaeologists - as shown in the insert photo of the map above. The Sea of Galilee is shown on the right.
When He was rejected by His fellow citizens of Nazareth, the Messiah left the wooded inland hill country and moved to Capernaum on the lakeshore, exactly as prophesied by Isaiah (see below). He then began His Ministry, preaching the coming Kingdom of God (see What Gospel Did Jesus Preach?). It was also at that time that the first four of those who would be of the twelve apostles were called - all of them fishermen (see also Why Were The First Apostles Fishermen Instead Of Carpenters?).
"4:13 And leaving Nazareth, he came and dwelt in Capernaum, which is upon the sea coast, in the borders of Zabulon and Nephthalim: 4:14 That it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Esaias the prophet, saying,
The religious authorities of Judaism (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Judaism) were headquartered in the south, at Jerusalem (see Why Was The South A Dangerous Place?). They had a contempt for the people of the north, in Samaria and Galilee because they regarded them as inferior immigrants (humans quickly forget their own foreign origins; see The Origin Of Israelites And Jews) and arrogantly looked down upon them as "Samaritans" (see The Origin Of The Samaritans). All of that made it easier for many of those of the north to accept the Messiah's teaching, including even some of the Roman occupation troops as in the example of the Centurion from the garrison at Capernaum.
"8:5 And when Jesus was entered into Capernaum, there came unto him a centurion, beseeching him, 8:6 And saying, Lord, my servant lieth at home sick of the palsy, grievously tormented.
The people of Nazareth did not see as many miracles even though the Messiah lived there for about a quarter century. As we read, His Ministry began when He left Nazareth. But the people of Capernaum and the nearby cities did witness many of the miracles - but they mostly all rejected Him anyway. The people of Capernaum had far less excuse than the people of Nazareth. It was for that rejection that the city of Capernaum is in ruins today: "And thou, Capernaum, which art exalted unto heaven, shalt be brought down to hell: for if the mighty works, which have been done in thee, had been done in Sodom, it would have remained until this day."
"11:20 Then began he to upbraid the cities wherein most of his mighty works were done, because they repented not: 11:21 Woe unto thee, Chorazin! woe unto thee, Bethsaida! for if the mighty works, which were done in you, had been done in Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long ago in sackcloth and ashes. 11:22 But I say unto you, It shall be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon at the day of judgment, than for you. 11:23 And thou, Capernaum, which art exalted unto heaven, shalt be brought down to hell: for if the mighty works, which have been done in thee, had been done in Sodom, it would have remained until this day. 11:24 But I say unto you, That it shall be more tolerable for the land of Sodom in the day of judgment, than for thee." (Matthew 11:20-24 KJV)
Fact Finder: What did most of the Messiah's miracles involve?
This Day In History, December 30
39: Titus Flavius Caesar Vespasianus Augustus was born. Titus was the Roman military commander who besieged and captured Jerusalem in 70 AD (see What Did Jesus Christ Say About Those Stones? and A History Of Jerusalem: Titus And The Zealots). Titus later was the Emperor of Rome from 79 to 81 (see also A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars).
1066: The Granada massacre. A Muslim mob stormed the royal palace in Granada, Spain. They crucified the Jewish vizier, Joseph ibn Naghrela, and massacred most of the Jewish population of the city.
1460: During the Wars of The Roses, Richard of York with 5,000 men was defeated by Queen Margaret and the Lancastrians at the Battle of Wakefield. Nearly 3,000 Yorkists were killed, including the Duke himself.
1803: The U.S. took formal possession of Louisiana (named after King Louis XIV who reigned 1643 to 1715), after purchasing the territory from France.
1880: The Transvaal, under Paul Kruger, declared itself a republic.
1896: Filipino reform advocate Jose Rizal was executed by a Spanish firing squad in Manila.
1903: A fire in the Iroquois Theater in Chicago killed 588 people; public outrage led to new theater safety codes across the U.S.
1911: Sun Yat-sen was elected the first President of the Republic of China after the fall of the Chinese dynasties.
1915: During the First World War (1939-1945), a German submarine torpedoed the British liner Persia off Crete. At least 330 of the 501 passengers and crew were killed.
1916: Gregory Rasputin (the "mad monk"), Siberian peasant, mystic, and favorite of Czar Nicholas II and Czarina Alexandra was shot, poisoned and eventually drowned at the house of Prince Feliks Yusupov.
1922: The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics was established through the confederation of Russia, Byelorussia, Ukraine and the Transcaucasian Federation. It lasted 70 years.
1936: The United Auto Workers Union began its first strike.
1944: King George II of Greece renounced the monarchy.
1947: King Michael of Romania was forced to abdicate by Soviet-backed Communists.
1965: Ferdinand Marcos was sworn in as the President of the Philippines.
1972: After 2 weeks of heavy bombing raids on North Vietnam, U.S. President Richard Nixon halted the air offensive and agreed to resume peace negotiations with Hanoi.
1993: Israel and the Vatican signed an agreement on mutual recognition (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy, Israel In History and Prophecy: Israel Of Judah, A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad and A Biography Of Abraham: Abrahamic Religions).
1996: Budget cuts by Benjamin Netanyahu resulted in protests from 250,000 workers across Israel.
2006: Saddam Hussein, the conquered President of Iraq, was executed by hanging for the war crimes that he committed.