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Sunday, January 1 2017
A Biography Of Jesus Christ: Why Was The Messiah Crucified, Not Stoned?
"Then took they up stones to cast at Him ... as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of man be lifted up
The Messiah spent the last hours of His freedom awaiting those who He knew would come to take Him away like a lamb to the slaughter. His last pasture was a favorite place on the side of the Mount of Olives known as Gethsemane (see also What's Going To Happen To The Mount Of Olives?).
"18:1 When Jesus had spoken these words, he went forth with his disciples over the brook Cedron, where was a garden, into the which he entered, and his disciples.
The Messiah was taken to the palace of the high priest (see The High Priest's Palace) where his religious "trial" continued through the night (see the Fact Finder question below).
"18:19 The high priest then asked Jesus of his disciples, and of his doctrine.
Stoning was the prescribed method of execution in Israel. The LORD Himself declared it so (e.g. Leviticus 24:13-14, Deuteronomy 13:10; see A Biography Of Jesus Christ: The LORD God Of Creation).
"24:13 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 24:14 Bring forth him that hath cursed without the camp; and let all that heard him lay their hands upon his head, and let all the congregation stone him." (Leviticus 24:13-14 KJV)
There were incidents during the Messiah's Ministry where stoning would have happened - including of the Messiah Himself ("8:59 Then took they up stones to cast at him: but Jesus hid himself, and went out of the temple, going through the midst of them, and so passed by" John 8:59 KJV; see The Stone Casters). The famous "let he who is without sin cast the first stone" (John 8:1-11) that happened just before they would have stoned Him instead (again see "The Stone Casters" link) and the stoning of the Christian deacon Stephen in Jerusalem (the apostle Paul, before his conversion, was a participant in that stoning; see The Stoning Of Stephen - Why Are Witnesses Called Martyrs?) are other well known incidents.
Nevertheless, the religious council declared that, in the case of the Messiah, "It is not lawful for us to put any man to death." Their refusal, despite themselves, was itself a fulfillment of prophecy, "That the saying of Jesus might be fulfilled, which he spake, signifying what death he should die" (verse 32 below). That "lifted up" execution ("3:14 And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of man be lifted up" John 3:14 KJV), by crucifixion, would be accomplished by the Romans.
"18:28 Then led they Jesus from Caiaphas unto the hall of judgment: and it was early; and they themselves went not into the judgment hall, lest they should be defiled; but that they might eat the passover. 18:29 Pilate then went out unto them, and said, What accusation bring ye against this man?
Fact Finder: Did everyone know that they were condemning an innocent man - Jesus of Nazareth?
This Day In History, January 1
45 BC: The Julian calendar, named after Julius Caesar (see A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars), began to be used for the first time.
42 BC: The Roman Senate posthumously deified Julius Caesar - an irony and/or a hypocrisy, considering that he had been assassinated by Roman Senators in the Senate itself (see The Politics Of Rome; also What Did A Father Of Democracy Predict About It?).
193: The accession of Pertinax, the 19th Roman emperor (see also Why Are Politicians Called Left Or Right?).
990: Russia adopted Rome's "Julian" Calendar.
1500: Portuguese explorers landed on the coast of South America; they named the place Rio de Janeiro ("River of January").
1515: King Louis XII of France (1498-1515) died at age 52. Francis, Duke of Angouleme, succeeded Louis as Francis I.
1583: Rome's Gregorian Calendar was adopted in Belgium (see Pope Gregory's Calendar).
1651: Charles II, son of Charles I, was crowned king of Scotland.
1773: In Olney, England, the hymn "Amazing Grace" was first played, by John Newton.
1785: London's oldest newspaper, The Times, began publishing as the Daily Universal Register.
1801: The Act of Union of England, Scotland and Ireland formed the United Kingdom.
1804: After leading a rebellion against the French colonial forces, Jean-Jacques Dessalines declared Haiti independent of France.
1833: Britain claimed sovereignty over the Falkland Islands.
1863: Abraham Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation that formally freed all slaves in the U.S.
1871: While German armies besieged Paris, a new German Reich, with the king of Prussia, Wilhelm, as its inaugural emperor, was proclaimed in the Hall of Mirrors in the Palace of Versailles.
1877: Queen Victoria of England was proclaimed empress of India.
1894: The Manchester Ship Canal in England began operation.
1901: The Commonwealth of Australia began with Edmond Barton as its first Prime Minister.
1912: China became a republic following the Wuchang Uprising (see also The First Chinese American War).
1915: During the First World War (1914-1918), the German submarine U-24 sank the British battleship Formidable in the English Channel, near Plymouth.
1925: The capital city of Norway, known as Christiana since 1674, resumed its name of Oslo.
1934: Alcatraz became a U.S. Federal prison. The U.S. today (2017) has the highest civilian incarceration rate in the world, with 737 U.S. citizens in every 100,000 behind bars; the U.S. has less than 5% of the world population, but its citizens compose 25% of the world's incarcerated (apart from the many military and political prisons and "interrogation centers" that are operated by the U.S. military and CIA around the world).
1946: Emperor Hirohito of Japan announced that he was not a god.
1947: The Canadian Citizenship Act 1946 came into effect, thereby converting British subjects into Canadian citizens. Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King became the first Canadian citizen.
1950: In sovereign defiance to United Nations and Vatican pressure to make Jerusalem an "international city," nearly the entire Israeli government was transferred from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Israel Of Judah).
1956: Sudan gained independence from Britain and Egypt.
1958: The 1957 Treaty of Rome took effect, establishing a six-nation European Economic Community among West Germany, France, Italy, Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg.
1959: Cuban communist forces under Fidel Castro overthrew the CIA and Mafia-backed (the Cuba scenes in the Godfather movies are historically correct) regime of Fulgencio Batista and took control of the government of Cuba. The people of Cuba went from being ruled by a fascist dictator to being ruled by a communist dictator (see also When Do Liberals Become Conservatives?).
1973: Britain, Ireland and Denmark entered the European Economic Community, now called the European Union.
1975: During the "Watergate" criminal investigations, John Ehrlichman (Counsel and Assistant to the President), John Mitchell (United States Attorney General) and H.R. Haldeman (White House Chief of Staff) were found guilty of conspiracy, obstruction of justice and perjury.
1981: Greece was admitted as the 10th member of the European Economic Community.
1992: Boutros Boutros Ghali of Egypt succeeded Javier Perez de Cuellar of Peru as United Nations Secretary General.
1993: Independent Czech and Slovak Republics were established from the former Czechoslovakia.