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Friday, January 13 2017
The Temple Of Artemis
"This Paul hath persuaded and turned away much people, saying that they be no gods, which are made with hands: So that not only this our craft is in danger to be set at nought; but also that the temple of the great goddess Diana should be despised, and her magnificence should be destroyed, whom all Asia and the world worshippeth"
The Roman idol Diana was earlier known to the Greeks as Artemis. The cult is mentioned in the Holy Scriptures, sometimes as "Diana of the Ephesians" while other translations use "Artemis of the Ephesians."
The idol's central temple was constructed at Ephesus, in Turkey (see the Fact Finder question below). It became one of the "seven wonders" of the ancient world. Constructed over the span of 220 years, from the highest-quality marble, it measured 345 feet / 105 meters long, by 165 feet / 50 meters wide. The structure was supported by massive columns each 55 feet / 17 meters high. Inside was a bizarre statue of the "fertility" idol, the original of which was apparently carved from a meteorite that had "fallen from heaven." (see verse 35 below).
The cult of Diana, or Artemis, became a big business. When the apostle Paul (see Paul, The Apostle To The World) proclaimed that the idol and the temple to it were worthless, it set off a riot in the city.
"19:23 And the same time there arose no small stir about that way. 19:24 For a certain man named Demetrius, a silversmith, which made silver shrines for Diana, brought no small gain unto the craftsmen; 19:25 Whom he called together with the workmen of like occupation, and said, Sirs, ye know that by this craft we have our wealth. 19:26 Moreover ye see and hear, that not alone at Ephesus, but almost throughout all Asia, this Paul hath persuaded and turned away much people, saying that they be no gods, which are made with hands: 19:27 So that not only this our craft is in danger to be set at nought; but also that the temple of the great goddess Diana should be despised, and her magnificence should be destroyed, whom all Asia and the world worshippeth.
Fact Finder: Did Ephesus become a major Christian center because of Paul's work there? (b) Were the Christians at Ephesus one congregation of the original recipients of the Book of Revelation?
This Day In History, January 13
532: The Nika riots began in Constantinople, Turkey. Over the next week, it became the most destructive riot in the history of Constantinople; half the city was severely damaged or burned and tens of thousands of people were killed. The riots began from confrontations between opposing sports fans of the chariot races at the Hippodrome, a sporting and public events center in Constantinople (the city is known today known as Istanbul).
888: Odo, Count of Paris became King of the Franks.
1559: Elizabeth I was crowned Queen of England in Westminster Abbey. The daughter of King Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn, the reign of Elizabeth I began with the defeat of the Spanish Armada (see also Send In The Marines). During her time, Britain rose to international power and prominence, beginning colonization that produced its worldwide empire of commerce and civilization over the next 400 years (see also What Really Happens In A Trade War?). A golden age for Britain, Elizabeth's contemporaries included Francis Bacon, William Shakespeare, Walter Raleigh, Francis Drake, John Hawkins, Martin Frobisher and many others whose names are familiar still today.
1610: Galileo Galilei discovered Calisto, the 4th moon of Jupiter (see also Parabolic Prophecies).
1691: George Fox, English founder of the Society of Friends, or Quakers, died at age 66. He left the Church of England (the "Anglican" Church) at age 23 and founded the Quaker movement in 1660 at age 36.
1733: James Oglethorpe, a Member of the British Parliament, and 130 others, arrived in North America to found a new royal colony on the continent. He named it Georgia in honor of King George II. Oglethorpe returned home to England in 1743 and served honorably in the British Army until his retirement. He died at Cranham, a suburb of London, in 1785.
1785: John Walter published the first issue of The London Times.
1842: During the Afghan Wars, about 16,000 British and Indian troops were massacred in the Khyber Pass during an attempted retreat from Kabul.
1849: Vancouver Island was granted to the Hudson's Bay Company.
1849: British forces under Lord Gough defeated the Sikhs at the Battle of Chillianwallah, India.
1898: French author Emile Zola published his "J'Accuse" letter, accusing the French government of a cover-up in the Alfred Dreyfus treason case.
1900: To combat Czech nationalism, Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria-Hungary decreed that German would be the language of the imperial army.
1915: A massive earthquake killed over 30,000 people in Italy.
1915: South African troops under Louis Botha occupied Swakopmund in German South West Africa.
1923: Adolf Hitler denounced the Weimar Republic as 5,000 of his "storm troopers" strutted in the streets. Hitler subscribed to the self-destructive fantasy that "the more strong I am, the more right I am" (see Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion and The Terrorist Attack That Enabled Hitler To Become A Dictator).
1935: In a plebiscite, the Saar region voted for incorporation into Germany.
1942: Henry Ford patented a plastic automobile. It was 30% lighter than a regular car (used less fuel) and didn't corrode like steel cars. The steel industry convinced Ford to abandon the idea and continue producing gas-guzzling, corroding cars.
1942: During the Second World War (1939-1945; see also Russia Or Europe - Who Has Been The Invader?), Nazi U-boats began attacking ships off the coast of North America.
1942: During the Second World War, the first use of an aircraft ejection seat was done, by a German test pilot in a Heinkel He 280 jet fighter.
1945: At the end of the Second World War, Raoul Wallenberg was taken into custody by Soviet forces when they took Budapest. The 34 year old Swedish diplomat saved about 100,000 Hungarian Jews from the Nazi Holocaust before his arrest. He was never heard from again, despite diplomatic efforts by numerous nations for over 40 years after his arrest.
1976: Britain applied for credit of almost 1 billion Pounds from the International Monetary Fund.
1993: Former East German leader Erich Honecker, under whom the Berlin Wall was built, left a Berlin prison for exile in Chile; a court freed him because he was dying.