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Tuesday, February 21 2017

Why Were The Levites The Last To Receive Their Inheritance?

"The children of Israel gave unto the Levites out of their inheritance, at the Commandment of the LORD, these cities and their suburbs"

The LORD (A Biography Of Jesus Christ: The LORD God Of Creation) purposefully made the Levites to be the last of the tribes of Israel to receive their homeland - cities and supporting pasturelands ("suburbs"). Why? The Levites, as the LORD's priesthood were to live and serve throughout the land of Israel. As such, the Levites could not be assigned their lands, within the lands of the other tribes, until after the other tribes had received their lands. It was only then possible that "the children of Israel gave unto the Levites out of their inheritance, at the commandment of the LORD, these cities and their suburbs." The command was given to Moses, but was fulfilled by Joshua.

"21:1 Then came near the heads of the fathers of the Levites unto Eleazar the priest [see From Moses And Aaron To Joshua and Eleazar], and unto Joshua the son of Nun, and unto the heads of the fathers of the tribes of the children of Israel; 21:2 And they spake unto them at Shiloh in the land of Canaan, saying, The LORD commanded by the hand of Moses to give us cities to dwell in, with the suburbs thereof for our cattle [see Numbers 18: The Inheritance Of The Levites]. 21:3 And the children of Israel gave unto the Levites out of their inheritance, at the commandment of the LORD, these cities and their suburbs." (Joshua 21:1-3 KJV)

Tribal Map
Although the Levites were distributed throughout the other tribes, the Levite clans of Gershon, Kohath and Merari (see Numbers 4: The Levite Clans) remained, for most part, geographically together. They received their allotments by lot, as the other tribes had done (see Joshua 19: The Israel Lottery), but their lots were by clans, not the tribe as a whole as had been done with all of the other tribes. Note carefully where each of the Levite clans of Gershon, Kohath and Merari were given to inhabit - then keep that in mind when you read the Fact Finder question below.

"21:4 And the lot came out for the families of the Kohathites: and the children of Aaron the priest, which were of the Levites, had by lot out of the tribe of Judah, and out of the tribe of Simeon, and out of the tribe of Benjamin, thirteen cities. 21:5 And the rest of the children of Kohath had by lot out of the families of the tribe of Ephraim, and out of the tribe of Dan, and out of the half tribe of Manasseh, ten cities.

21:6 And the children of Gershon had by lot out of the families of the tribe of Issachar, and out of the tribe of Asher, and out of the tribe of Naphtali, and out of the half tribe of Manasseh in Bashan, thirteen cities.

21:7 The children of Merari by their families had out of the tribe of Reuben, and out of the tribe of Gad, and out of the tribe of Zebulun, twelve cities.

21:8 And the children of Israel gave by lot unto the Levites these cities with their suburbs, as the LORD commanded by the hand of Moses.

21:9 And they gave out of the tribe of the children of Judah, and out of the tribe of the children of Simeon, these cities which are here mentioned by name, 21:10 Which the children of Aaron, being of the families of the Kohathites, who were of the children of Levi, had: for theirs was the first lot.

21:11 And they gave them the city of Arba the father of Anak, which city is Hebron, in the hill country of Judah, with the suburbs thereof round about it. 21:12 But the fields of the city, and the villages thereof, gave they to Caleb the son of Jephunneh for his possession. 21:13 Thus they gave to the children of Aaron the priest Hebron with her suburbs, to be a city of refuge for the slayer; and Libnah with her suburbs, 21:14 And Jattir with her suburbs, and Eshtemoa with her suburbs, 21:15 And Holon with her suburbs, and Debir with her suburbs, 21:16 And Ain with her suburbs, and Juttah with her suburbs, and Bethshemesh with her suburbs; nine cities out of those two tribes. 21:17 And out of the tribe of Benjamin, Gibeon with her suburbs, Geba with her suburbs, 21:18 Anathoth with her suburbs, and Almon with her suburbs; four cities. 21:19 All the cities of the children of Aaron, the priests, were thirteen cities with their suburbs.

21:20 And the families of the children of Kohath, the Levites which remained of the children of Kohath, even they had the cities of their lot out of the tribe of Ephraim. 21:21 For they gave them Shechem with her suburbs in mount Ephraim, to be a city of refuge for the slayer; and Gezer with her suburbs, 21:22 And Kibzaim with her suburbs, and Bethhoron with her suburbs; four cities. 21:23 And out of the tribe of Dan, Eltekeh with her suburbs, Gibbethon with her suburbs, 21:24 Aijalon with her suburbs, Gathrimmon with her suburbs; four cities. 21:25 And out of the half tribe of Manasseh, Tanach with her suburbs, and Gathrimmon with her suburbs; two cities. 21:26 All the cities were ten with their suburbs for the families of the children of Kohath that remained.

21:27 And unto the children of Gershon, of the families of the Levites, out of the other half tribe of Manasseh they gave Golan in Bashan with her suburbs, to be a city of refuge for the slayer; and Beeshterah with her suburbs; two cities. 21:28 And out of the tribe of Issachar, Kishon with her suburbs, Dabareh with her suburbs, 21:29 Jarmuth with her suburbs, Engannim with her suburbs; four cities. 21:30 And out of the tribe of Asher, Mishal with her suburbs, Abdon with her suburbs, 21:31 Helkath with her suburbs, and Rehob with her suburbs; four cities. 21:32 And out of the tribe of Naphtali, Kedesh in Galilee with her suburbs, to be a city of refuge for the slayer; and Hammothdor with her suburbs, and Kartan with her suburbs; three cities. 21:33 All the cities of the Gershonites according to their families were thirteen cities with their suburbs.

The Camp

21:34 And unto the families of the children of Merari, the rest of the Levites, out of the tribe of Zebulun, Jokneam with her suburbs, and Kartah with her suburbs, 21:35 Dimnah with her suburbs, Nahalal with her suburbs; four cities. 21:36 And out of the tribe of Reuben, Bezer with her suburbs, and Jahazah with her suburbs, 21:37 Kedemoth with her suburbs, and Mephaath with her suburbs; four cities. 21:38 And out of the tribe of Gad, Ramoth in Gilead with her suburbs, to be a city of refuge for the slayer; and Mahanaim with her suburbs, 21:39 Heshbon with her suburbs, Jazer with her suburbs; four cities in all. 21:40 So all the cities for the children of Merari by their families, which were remaining of the families of the Levites, were by their lot twelve cities. 21:41 All the cities of the Levites within the possession of the children of Israel were forty and eight cities with their suburbs. 21:42 These cities were every one with their suburbs round about them: thus were all these cities." (Joshua 21:4-42 KJV)

So it was then that all of the tribes of Israel were home - for as long as they remained faithful and obedient to the LORD.

"21:43 And the LORD gave unto Israel all the land which he sware to give unto their fathers; and they possessed it, and dwelt therein. 21:44 And the LORD gave them rest round about, according to all that he sware unto their fathers: and there stood not a man of all their enemies before them; the LORD delivered all their enemies into their hand. 21:45 There failed not ought of any good thing which the LORD had spoken unto the house of Israel; all came to pass." (Joshua 21:43-45 KJV)

Fact Finder: Why were there no obedient to the LORD Levites in the "lost ten tribes" of Israel?
See No Levites In The Lost Ten Tribes?


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This Day In History, February 21

362: Athanasius, the "pope of Alexandria," returned to Alexandria. He was notable for his involvement in the conflict with Arius and Arianism (see The Jews Of Alexandria and The Little Big Horn).

Alexandria

1173: Pope Alexander III canonized Thomas Becket. As Archbishop of Canterbury, Becket was executed 3 years before by King Henry II for his pro-papacy, anti-patriotic activities against his own country.

1437: After the king's efforts to break the influence of the Scottish nobility, King James I of Scotland was assassinated by conspirators led by Walter of Atholl.

1440: The Prussian Confederation was formed (see also The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).

1543: The Battle of Wayna Daga. An allied force of Ethiopian and Portuguese troops defeated a Muslim army under Ahmed Gragn.

1613: Michael Romanov became czar (the Russian form of "Caesar"; see also Caesar) of Russia, beginning the Romanov dynasty.

1715: Charles Calvert, 3rd Baron Baltimore, died at age 78. He was commissioned governor of Maryland in 1661 and succeeded as proprietor of the colony in 1665. Like his grandfather, George Calvert, 1st Baron Baltimore, he was a staunch Roman Catholic and faced anti-Catholic feeling which was strong among Maryland's protestant majority.

1744: The British blockade of Toulon was broken by 27 French and Spanish warships attacking the 29 British ships.

1804: The world's first steam locomotive was completed, at the Pen-y-Darren Ironworks in Wales.

1848: Karl Marx (born of a wealthy Jewish and Rabbinical family in Germany) and Friedrich Engels (a wealthy German industrialist and atheist) published their infamous Communist Manifesto. Considering that both of them were very wealthy, and were never "workers," their Communist Manifesto is regarded by many historians to have been written by two hypocrites, not two social economists.

Karl Marx

1849: In the Second British-Sikh War, the British defeated a force of 50,000 Sikhs at the Battle of Gujerat.

1915: During the First World War (1914-1918), German forces under Hindenberg heavily defeated the Russians under Baron Siever at the Winter Battle of Masuria which ended this day. Over 200,000 Russians were lost (see Russia Or Europe - Who Has Been The Invader?).

1916: During the First World War, German forces launched an attack on the French fortress at Verdun. The battle ended December 18, with 434,000 German and 543,000 French casualties.

1918: During the First World War, while British forces were advancing on Jerusalem (see A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate), Australian cavalry captured Jericho from the Ottomans (listen also to our Sermons The Ottoman Empire and The Balfour Declaration).

Jerusalem

1940: The Nazis begin construction of the concentration camp at Auschwitz (see Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).

1941: Frederick Banting died at age 50. The Canadian physician (from Alliston, Ontario), with Charles Best of Toronto, discovered insulin in 1921 (which led to the effective treatment for diabetes). Banting was co-recipient (along with Scottish researcher John Macleod) of the 1923 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine. Knighted in 1934, Banting was killed in a plane crash while on a war mission in the Second World War.

1944: Hideki Tojo became chief of staff of the Japanese army. "Tojo" thereafter became an epithet of Japan during the remainder of the Second World War.

1945: Eric Liddell died at age 43. The Scottish Olympic champion runner, later a missionary to China, was captured by the Japanese during the Second World War and died of a brain tumor while imprisoned. His college running days were portrayed in the 1981 film Chariots of Fire.

1965: U.S. African-American Muslim leader Malcolm X (actual name Malcolm Little) was assassinated in New York by members of the so-called "Nation of Islam."

1973: Israeli warplanes shot down Libyan Arab Airlines Flight 114 over the Sinai Desert, killing all 108 passengers and crew.

1975: U.S. Attorney General John N. Mitchell (the highest law-enforcement officer in the country) and White House officials H.R. Haldeman and John Ehrlichman were sentenced to prison for their criminal involvement in the Watergate burglary.


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