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Sunday, March 19 2017

The Thorn Wood Of The Exodus Journey

"And they shall make an Ark of shittim wood ... And let them make Me a Sanctuary; that I may dwell among them ... According to all that I shew thee, after the pattern of the Tabernacle ... shittim wood"

The English-language word "shittim" originated from the Biblical Hebrew word, pronounced shi-teem, which meant sticks of wood - a term used to describe the thorns of the acacia tree ("acacia" itself is derived from the ancient Greek name for the tree, pronounced akakia). As such, depending on the translation, either "shittim" or "acacia" are used. An example from the King James Version and the New International Version:

"25:28 And thou shalt make the staves of shittim wood, and overlay them with gold, that the table may be borne with them." (Exodus 25:28 King James Version)

"25:28 Make the poles of acacia wood, overlay them with gold and carry the table with them." (Exodus 25:28 New International Version)

The thorns of "shittim" developed primarily in the African variety of the Acacia tree as a natural defense against being eaten by herbivorous animals. Nevertheless, the adult shape of the Acacia is often the result of "pruning" by animals before its thorn defenses and height make it more difficult to access by grazers.

Acacia Tree

The acacia tree was a natural and obvious choice of a wood source for the Israelites during their 40 year journey from Egypt to the land of Israel (see the Fact Finder question below). The Tabernacle (see The Building Of The Tabernacle and The Glory Of The LORD In His Tabernacle) and the Ark of the Covenant (see The Ark, The Table and The Lampstand and What Did Jesus Christ Write In The Ark Of Moses?) made extensive use of Acacia / Shittim wood.

"25:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,

25:2 Speak unto the children of Israel, that they bring me an offering: of every man that giveth it willingly with his heart ye shall take my offering. 25:3 And this is the offering which ye shall take of them; gold, and silver, and brass, 25:4 And blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine linen, and goats' hair, 25:5 And rams' skins dyed red, and badgers' skins, and shittim wood, 25:6 Oil for the light, spices for anointing oil, and for sweet incense, 25:7 Onyx stones, and stones to be set in the ephod, and in the breastplate.

25:8 And let them make me a sanctuary; that I may dwell among them. 25:9 According to all that I shew thee, after the pattern of the tabernacle, and the pattern of all the instruments thereof, even so shall ye make it.

25:10 And they shall make an ark of shittim wood: two cubits and a half shall be the length thereof, and a cubit and a half the breadth thereof, and a cubit and a half the height thereof. 25:11 And thou shalt overlay it with pure gold, within and without shalt thou overlay it, and shalt make upon it a crown of gold round about. 25:12 And thou shalt cast four rings of gold for it, and put them in the four corners thereof; and two rings shall be in the one side of it, and two rings in the other side of it. 25:13 And thou shalt make staves of shittim wood, and overlay them with gold. 25:14 And thou shalt put the staves into the rings by the sides of the ark, that the ark may be borne with them. 25:15 The staves shall be in the rings of the ark: they shall not be taken from it. 25:16 And thou shalt put into the ark the testimony which I shall give thee.

25:17 And thou shalt make a mercy seat of pure gold: two cubits and a half shall be the length thereof, and a cubit and a half the breadth thereof. 25:18 And thou shalt make two cherubims of gold, of beaten work shalt thou make them, in the two ends of the mercy seat. 25:19 And make one cherub on the one end, and the other cherub on the other end: even of the mercy seat shall ye make the cherubims on the two ends thereof. 25:20 And the cherubims shall stretch forth their wings on high, covering the mercy seat with their wings, and their faces shall look one to another; toward the mercy seat shall the faces of the cherubims be. 25:21 And thou shalt put the mercy seat above upon the ark; and in the ark thou shalt put the testimony that I shall give thee. 25:22 And there I will meet with thee, and I will commune with thee from above the mercy seat, from between the two cherubims which are upon the ark of the testimony, of all things which I will give thee in commandment unto the children of Israel." (Exodus 25:1-22 KJV)

Fact Finder: Why did the Exodus journey take 40 years instead of just 14 months?
See Why A Book Of Deuteronomy In The Bible? and The Israelite Wanderland


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This Day In History, March 19

721 BC: The first lunar eclipse recorded in non-Biblical history; seen in Babylon (see also When Do Eclipses Happen On The Christian Holy Days?).

Lunar Eclipse

1279: A Mongolian victory at the Battle of Yamen ended the Song Dynasty of China (see also The Origin Of Gog And Magog and End-Time Gog And Magog; see also The First Chinese American War).

China

1452: Frederick III (Hapsburg) was coronated Holy Roman emperor by Pope Nicholas V (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation and Emperors and Popes). He was crowned with the crown of Charlemagne and married to Leonora in the same ceremony.

1563: In France, the Peace of Amboise brought the First War of Religion to an end. The Huguenots were granted a limited amount of religious freedom.

1687: French explorer Robert Cavelier (La Salle) was murdered by his own men while searching for the mouth of the Mississippi River in "New France."

New France

1702: Upon the death of William III of Orange, Anne Stuart, sister of Mary, succeeded to the throne of England, Scotland and Ireland.

1861: The Maori insurrection in New Zealand ended.

1885: Louis Riel declared a Provisional Government in Saskatchewan, beginning the North-West Rebellion.

1930: Arthur James Balfour died at age 82. The British statesman maintained a position of power in the British Conservative party for 50 years, was Prime Minister 1902-1905, Foreign Secretary 1916-1919, was perhaps best known for his First World War statement (the Balfour Declaration) which expressed official British approval of "Zionism" (see A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate, A History Of Jerusalem: Zionism and A History Of Jerusalem: War And Peace).

Balfour

1931: Gambling was legalized in Nevada, paving the way for it to become a major industry in the state.

1932: Australia's Sydney Harbor Bridge was officially opened.

1943: Chicago gangster Frank Nitti (a close associate of Al Capone), committed suicide at the Chicago Central Railyard.

1945: At the end of the Second World War (1939-1945), as Allied forces were invading Germany, Adolf Hitler issued his "Nero Decree" that ordered the destruction of all industries, military installations, shops, transportation facilities and communications facilities in Germany. Most of his defeated army refused to carry out the order of the "Leader" (see Why Does Satan Love Liars? and Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion; also Is Iniquity Liberal Or Conservative?).

1969: The 385 meter / 1,263 foot TV-mast at Emley Moor, United Kingdom, collapsed due to a rare ice build-up.

1982: An Argentine scrap metal dealer landed on South Georgia and planted an Argentinian flag. The situation escalated and eventually led to the Falklands War between Britain and Argentina.

1987: U.S. "Televangelist" Jim Bakker resigned as head of the PTL Club due to sex scandal; control of the "ministry" was delegated to Jerry Falwell.

1989: The Egyptian Flag was raised on Taba, Egypt proclaiming the end of the Israeli occupation after the Yom Kippur War in 1973 and the peace negotiations in 1979.

2002: Zimbabwe was suspended from membership in the Commonwealth amidst charges of human rights abuses and electoral fraud.

2003: George W. Bush ordered the invasion of Iraq to supposedly seize Iraq's nonexistent "weapons of mass destruction" and in proclaimed retaliation for Iraq's nonexistent connection to the 9-11 terrorist attacks (all of the 9-11 terrorists were from Saudi Arabia and Pakistan - none were from Iraq). Over one million non-combatant Iraqi men, women and children were killed or maimed, and Iraq was reduced to rubble, as a result of Bush's proven-false accusations.


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