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Saturday, May 6 2017
Biblical Eras: Jacobites To Israelites
"Thy name shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel: for as a prince hast thou power with God and with men, and hast prevailed"
Jacob fled to Syria after he again bested his brother Esau by cunning means (see Esau's Blessing Taken By Jacob). The refuge was arranged by their mother Rebekah - Jacob was to go and live with his uncle Laban, Rebekah brother, in Rebekah's home town in Syria (see The Marriage of Isaac and Rebekah).
"27:41 And Esau hated Jacob because of the blessing wherewith his father blessed him: and Esau said in his heart, The days of mourning for my father are at hand; then will I slay my brother Jacob.
Jacob remained in Syria for a little over twenty years - during which most of his children were born from four Syrian women - two of his first cousins (Leah and Rachel) and their two servants (Bilhah and Zilpah). At that time, the sons and daughter (see Dinah) would have been known as "Jacobites" - the LORD (i.e. Jesus Christ; see A Biography Of Jesus Christ: The LORD God Of Creation) had not yet changed Jacob's name to "Israel."
"35:23 The sons of Leah; Reuben, Jacob's firstborn, and Simeon, and Levi, and Judah, and Issachar, and Zebulun:
It was on Jacob's return home to the land of Canaan (after he bested his uncle Laban by cunning means; see The Parting of Jacob and Laban) that the LORD renamed Jacob as "Israel" - thereby making Jacob's children and descendants "Israelites." Their name was changed too.
The name change occurred near the Jabbok River, which flows into the east side of the Jordan River about half-way between the Sea Of Galilee (which is actually a freshwater lake) and the Salt Sea / Dead Sea (the Jordan River flows through the Lake/Sea of Galilee and ends at the Dead Sea).
"32:22 And he rose up that night, and took his two wives, and his two womenservants, and his eleven sons, and passed over the ford Jabbok.
It was there that Jacob "wrestled" with the LORD.
"32:24 And Jacob was left alone; and there wrestled a man with him until the breaking of the day.
Then came the famous name change: "Thy name shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel: for as a prince hast thou power with God and with men, and hast prevailed" - which was about the "chosen people" line to the coming Messiah. As Abraham knew, the "as a prince hast thou power with God and with men, and hast prevailed" was about the coming Saviour, not about a mere man who hadn't the power to save even himself (see The Forerunner Of Man and Of God).
"32:27 And he said unto him, What is thy name?
The Scriptures leave no doubt that it was "the LORD God" Who "wrestled" with Jacob: "Jacob called the name of the place Peniel: for I have seen God face to face, and my life is preserved" (see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God).
"32:29 And Jacob asked him, and said, Tell me, I pray thee, thy name.
This Day In History, May 6
636: (date approximate) The Battle of al-Qadisiyah; a military engagement in which Arab forces defeated the Sasanid Persian Empire (Persia is known today as Iran) and completed the conquest of Iraq.
1527: 40,000 mercenaries, hired by Cardinal Pompeo Colonna, sacked the city of Rome, destroying two-thirds of the houses. They killed clergy and laity alike, and forced Pope Clement VII to flee, disguised as a gardener (see also The Struggle For The Papacy).
1536: In further defiance to the Pope in Rome, King Henry VIII ordered English-language Bibles to be placed in every church in England.
1576: The Peace Treaty of Chastenoy ended "the Fifth War of Religion."
1626: The made-mythical incident in which a Dutch settler, Peter Minuit, "bought" what is today Manhattan Island from the "Indians" for a handful of trinkets. At most, the native Americans regarded the cheap baubles as a simple gift from a visitor; they had no actual custom or legal practice of owning or selling land - they regarded the Earth as owned by the Creator.
1682: King Louis XIV of France moved his court to Versailles.
1757: Frederick II of Prussia attacked Austrian troops defending Prague in the Seven Years War. The attack succeeded and Prague fell with 10,000 Austrian casualties.
1778: Connecticut-born U.S. soldier and frontiersman Ethan Allen was released after being captured in Montreal in 1775 (in which British forces of "New England" invaded the then France-held territory of Quebec i.e. "New France"). After his return, he did not serve in the Revolutionary War of the New England colonies, but devoted his time to local affairs in Vermont, working for separate statehood along with the existing thirteen former colonies. When that didn't happen, he attempted to negotiate the annexation of Vermont to Canada.
1840: The first adhesive postage stamps, the "Penny Black" and the "Twopenny Blue," went on sale in Britain.
1877: About 1,500 Sioux, led by Sitting Bull, entered Canada to settle at Wood Mountain, in present-day Saskatchewan. They fled north after the Battle of The Little Big Horn (see also The First Chinese American War).
The warrior Crazy Horse was the actual Sioux leader of the battle that defeated Custer; he later surrendered to stop the retaliatory slaughter of entire Sioux villages of old men, women and babies, but was bayoneted to death "while trying to escape" Army custody. Instead of being allowed to live on a reservation, as officially agreed by both sides at the time of his surrender, Crazy Horse was taken by "the white devils" (as whites became known to the native Americans) to a civilian prison where he would have spent the rest of his life in a tiny concrete and steel cage with the dregs of U.S. criminals.
1882: British statesman Lord Cavendish was murdered by Irish nationalists soon after arriving in Dublin as chief secretary to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.
1884: Judah Benjamin died. In 1852 he became the first professing Jew to be elected to the U.S. Senate, but during the U.S. Civil War he was took the side of the Confederates, serving as Attorney General. He fled the country after the war.
1889: The Eiffel Tower in Paris was completed.
1910: Edward VII, king of Great Britain and Ireland from January 1901, died.
1919: At the end of the First World War (1914-1918; see also The Assassination That Triggered Two World Wars), the Paris Peace Conference disposed of Germany's colonies; German East Africa was assigned as a League of nations mandate to Britain and France, while German South-West Africa was mandated to South Africa.
1937: The German airship Hindenburg burned at Lakehurst, New Jersey. 36 people lost their lives (see also Who Was The First To Fly?).
1942: During the Second World War (1939-1945; see also The Assassination That Triggered Two World Wars), Coregidor fell to Japanese invasion forces.
1954: British runner Roger Bannister became the first officially-recorded human to run a mile in under four minutes, recording a time of 3 minutes 59.4 seconds.
1994: Queen Elizabeth and French president Francois Mitterrand officially opened the English Channel tunnel at Folkstone, England. The first fixed link between Britain and the European continent since the Ice Age.
1996: The apparently-drowned body of former CIA director William Colby was found on a riverbank in southern Maryland, eight days after he disappeared.
2001: During an official visit to Syria, Pope John Paul II became the first pope to enter a Muslim mosque (see also A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad).