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Sunday, May 7 2017
Biblical Eras: Israel's Immigration To Egypt
"And these are the names of the children of Israel, which came into Egypt, Jacob and his sons"
"Refugee" is defined as "An exile who flees for safety." "Immigration" is defined as "Migration into a place, especially migration to a country of which you are not a native in order to settle there" (both definitions from the WordWeb Dictionary by Princeton University).
The LORD changed Jacob's name to "Israel" (see Biblical Eras: Jacobites To Israelites) when Jacob was returning to the land of Canaan from over twenty years as a refugee in his mother Rebekah's birthplace in Syria. Jacob never knew a place called "Israel" in his entire lifetime. The only "Israel" that he ever knew was himself.
When Jacob was renamed as "Israel," he had lived his life in other people's countries - Canaan, Syria, and then back to Canaan. But his immigrant journey was not yet over - as an old man, the patriarch of a family and clan of little more than seventy people, Jacob / Israel finished his physical life in Egypt.
So it was that Israel, which at that time just meant Jacob, went, as a family, to the nation of Egypt. "His sons, and his sons' sons with him, his daughters, and his sons' daughters, and all his seed brought he with him into Egypt."
"46:5 And Jacob rose up from Beersheba: and the sons of Israel [see A Biography Of Jacob: The Jacobites Of Syria] carried Jacob their father, and their little ones, and their wives, in the wagons which Pharaoh had sent to carry him. 46:6 And they took their cattle, and their goods, which they had gotten in the land of Canaan [see A Biography Of Jacob: The Return To Canaan], and came into Egypt, Jacob, and all his seed with him: 46:7 His sons, and his sons' sons with him, his daughters, and his sons' daughters, and all his seed brought he with him into Egypt." (Genesis 46:5-7 KJV)
The Exodus ("a journey by a large group to escape from a hostile environment") into Egypt provides us with a census of all Israelites in existence at that time of their beginning - Jacob, his children, and their children, for a total of seventy Israelites.
"46:8 And these are the names of the children of Israel, which came into Egypt, Jacob and his sons:
Fact Finder: After he died in Egypt, Jacob's body was buried in the family tomb at Hebron - along with his long-dead grandparents Abraham and Sarah, his parents Isaac and Rebekah, and one of his wives, Leah. What was different about Jacob's body? How could archaeologists who enter that tomb know immediately which body is that of Jacob?
This Day In History, May 7
351: The Jewish revolt against Constantius Gallus erupted (see also A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad and A History Of Jerusalem: Hadrian and Simon bar Kokhba).
558: In Constantinople (named after Roman Emperor Constantine, the inventor of the Church of Rome; see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy), the dome of the Hagia Sophia (a Roman patriarchal basilica, later a Muslim mosque, now a museum) collapsed.
973: German King Otto the Great died at age 61 (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).
1274: The Second Council of Lyons convened under Gregory X, attended by approximately 500 Church of Rome bishops. It accomplished a temporary reunion of the separated Eastern Orthodox churches with the Roman Catholic Church.
1664: King Louis XIV of France formally instituted the Palace of Versailles.
1697: Stockholm's medieval royal castle was destroyed by fire.
1487: The Siege of Malaga began during the Spanish Reconquista.
1718: The city of New Orleans was founded by French colonial governor Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville (who was born in Montreal, Quebec). Louisiana was named in honor of King Louis XIV of France by French explorer Rene-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de la Salle.
1727: Jews (see also Jews - Three Tribes and Three Meanings) were expelled from the Ukraine by Empress Catherine I of Russia.
1763: Pontiac's Rebellion began. Chief Pontiac attacked the British at Fort Detroit.
1794: During the French Revolution, Robespierre proclaimed "the Cult of the Supreme Being" in the National Convention as the new state religion of the French First Republic.
1840: The Great Natchez Tornado struck Natchez, Mississippi. 317 people were killed. It is the second-deadliest tornado in U.S. history.
1915: During the First World War (1914-1918), the British liner Lusitania was sunk by a German submarine. More than 1,100 passengers and crew perished.
1934: The world's largest pearl was found at Palawan, Philippines. It weighed over 14 pounds / 6.4 kilograms.
1940: Winston Churchill became Prime Minister of Britain.
1941: Joseph Stalin became Premier of Russia.
1942: During the Battle of the Coral Sea, U.S. and Japanese naval forces attacked each other with carrier-based warplanes. It was the first battle in the history of naval warfare where two enemy fleets fought without actually having each other in sight. When it was over, the Japanese had lost 1 carrier and had another damaged; the U.S. lost 1 carrier (the Lexington) and had another damaged.
1945: Germany signed an unconditional surrender to end the Second World War in Europe. "V-E Day."
1948: The Council of Europe was founded during the Hague Congress.
1954: Vietnamese forces took Dien Bien Phu from the French; some historians mark this event as the defeat of the French by the Vietnamese. When the French left (the divided Vietnam of "North" and "South" that the French themselves created, thereby triggering the Vietnam civil war), the U.S. involved itself in the same civil war until the 1970s - when the U.S. left and Vietnam was re-united as the single country that it had been before French and U.S. involvement.
1960: Leonid Brezhnev became President of the Soviet Union.
1986: Canadian Patrick Morrow became the first person to climb each of the Seven Summits - the highest mountains of each of the seven continents (Mount Everest in Asia, Kosciuszko in Australia, Elbrus in Europe, Kilimanjaro in Africa, Aconcagua in South America, McKinley in North America and Vinson Massif in Antarctica).
1998: German auto manufacturer Mercedes-Benz purchased the U.S. auto manufacturer Chrysler.
1999: Pope John Paul II traveled to Romania, becoming the first pope to visit a predominately Eastern Orthodox country since the "Great Schism" in 1054.
2000: Vladimir Putin was inaugurated as President of Russia.
2007: Israeli archaeologists discovered the tomb of Herod the Great in Jerusalem (see also Israel In History and Prophecy: Herod).