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Friday, September 1 2017
Biblical Eras: The Exodus In History and Prophecy
"Now there arose up a new king over Egypt, which knew not Joseph. And he said unto his people, Behold, the people of the children of Israel are more and mightier than we: Come on, let us deal wisely with them; lest they multiply, and it come to pass, that, when there falleth out any war, they join also unto our enemies, and fight against us, and so get them up out of the land"
The Israelites, at the time a family of only about 70 people (see The First Census Of Israel), entered Egypt under the worst, but paradoxically, under the best of circumstances.
They were a refugee family (see also The Syrian Refugees), fleeing a land not their own, into another foreign land. Nevertheless, they entered their place of survival, from a great famine in Canaan, into the well-watered Nile Delta land of Goshen (see Jacob's Israel In The Land Of Goshen) under the most favorable of circumstances. The LORD (see A Biography Of Jesus Christ: The LORD God Of Creation) was directing their pilgrimage, and one of their own, Joseph, as also made possible by the LORD, was the Prime Minister of Egypt - second in authority only to the king of Egypt himself (see Joseph's Revelation and The Pharaoh's Welcome).
"46:2 And God spake unto Israel in the visions of the night, and said, Jacob, Jacob [see When Did Jacobites Become Israelites?].
The Israelites then remained in Egypt for 400 years - during which time they grew from a family of a few dozen people into a multitude in which military-age males alone numbered over 600,000 (see The First Sinai Census). It was out of fear, not racism or anything to do with "religion," that a later Pharaoh began a desperate effort to control the potentially-powerful foreign multitude in his nation (see The Drawing Of Moses; also The Origin Of Egypt And Iraq).
"1:6 And Joseph died, and all his brethren, and all that generation.
Israel's time in Egypt was no chance event. The LORD had already decided their entry into Egypt, their prosperity there (see I Will There Make Of Thee A Great Nation) and that it would last for 400 years. Israel's stay in Egypt was a prophecy and a fulfillment of prophecy, that the LORD gave to Abraham long before Israelites even existed (see The Exodus Prophecy).
"15:13 And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them four hundred years; 15:14 And also that nation, whom they shall serve, will I judge: and afterward shall they come out with great substance." (Genesis 15:13-14 KJV)
The LORD also prepared Moses for the leadership task in the Exodus. Moses spent many years of exile in the Sinai (see Moses And Zipporah; also Why Weren't The Descendants Of Moses In The Lost Ten Tribes?) - in the exact area where he would be given to lead the Israelites by the LORD (see The Sign Of The Flaming Bush). Moses' time in the Sinai was a part of Israel's time in Egypt.
"3:7 And the LORD said, I have surely seen the affliction of my people which are in Egypt, and have heard their cry by reason of their taskmasters; for I know their sorrows; 3:8 And I am come down to deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians, and to bring them up out of that land unto a good land and a large, unto a land flowing with milk and honey; unto the place of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites. 3:9 Now therefore, behold, the cry of the children of Israel is come unto me: and I have also seen the oppression wherewith the Egyptians oppress them. 3:10 Come now therefore, and I will send thee unto Pharaoh, that thou mayest bring forth my people the children of Israel out of Egypt." (Exodus 3:7-10 KJV)
The Exodus took place at the creation of Passover - the first of the LORD's true Christian Holy Days (see the Fact Finder question below).
"12:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron [see also The Meeting Of Moses And Aaron] in the land of Egypt, saying, 12:2 This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you. 12:3 Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house: 12:4 And if the household be too little for the lamb, let him and his neighbour next unto his house take it according to the number of the souls; every man according to his eating shall make your count for the lamb." (Exodus 12:1-4 KJV)
The Pharaoh had been repeatedly warned and subjected to escalating plagues, but he refused the LORD's command to release the Israelites (see Exodus 5: Bricks Without Straw, Exodus 6: Who Created Jehovah?, Exodus 7: The Waters Turned To Blood, Exodus 8: Let My People Go, Exodus 9: The Plagues Upon Crops And Livestock and Exodus 10: Locusts and Darkness). With the death of the firstborn, the Pharaoh surrendered - just long enough to let the Israelites depart. He not long afterward pursued them with his army - as we will cover in the next study in this series.
"12:29 And it came to pass, that at midnight the LORD smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sat on his throne unto the firstborn of the captive that was in the dungeon; and all the firstborn of cattle.
Fact Finder: How and why is Passover the key to Christianity? Why are the "days of Passover" observed?
This Day In History, September 1
891: Arnulf defeated the Vikings from Scandinavia at the Battle of Louvain in Belgium.
1159: Pope Adrian IV died at age 59. Born as Nicholas Breakspear, he was the only Englishman to become pope.
1494: Charles VIII of France invaded Italy in an attempt to claim the throne of Naples.
1532: Anne Boleyn was made Marquess of Pembroke by her finance, King Henry VIII of England.
1557: Jacques Cartier died at age 66. During his 3 voyages between 1534 and 1543, the French explorer discovered the St. Lawrence River and other major findings throughout eastern North America.
1666: The Great Fire of London began in a bakery on Pudding Lane. Over the next 4 days, the fire destroyed 75% of the British capital.
1676: Nathaniel Bacon led an uprising against English governor William Berkeley at Jamestown, Virginia, resulting in the settlement being burned to the ground. "Bacon's Rebellion" came as a result of the governor's refusal to defend the colonists against the "Americans" (i.e. the "Indians"; see also The First Chinese American War).
1707: The Treaty of Altranstadt was signed during the Great Northern War (1700-1721) by Swedish king Charles XII and Holy Roman emperor Joseph I.
1715: King Louis XIV of France died after a 72 year reign - the longest of any major European monarch.
1858: The East India Company's government of India ended with the British crown taking over its territories and duties.
1864: The Charlottetown Conference began on Prince Edward Island, representing the first steps toward Canadian national Confederation.
1864: During the U.S. Civil War, the Confederate rebels under General John Hood abandoned Atlanta. It was occupied by General Sherman the next day and set ablaze.
1870: Prussia defeated France at the Battle of Sedan in the last battle of the Franco-Prussian War. Napoleon III surrendered himself to the Prussians.
1904: Helen Keller, 24, graduated from Radcliffe College. Blind and deaf from the age of 2, she became a champion of those with disabilities.
1905: Alberta and Saskatchewan joined the Canadian Confederation.
1914: The last-known passenger pigeon died, at the Cincinnati Zoo.
1923: A magnitude 7.9 earthquake struck Japan. Yokohama and Tokyo were destroyed, killing over 140,000 people and destroying the homes of 2.5 million people.
1939: Adolf Hitler's massive (52 army divisions) invasion of Poland. The Second World War (1939-1945) began that day in response to Germany's invasion of Poland (see also Russia Or Europe - Who Has Been The Invader?).
1941: The Yellow Star was made obligatory for all Jews in Hitler's "Third Reich" to wear (see also Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).
1945: Within months after the war ended in Europe, the official statistics of the Jews murdered in the Satanic Nazi "Final Solution" were 2,800,000 Polish, 800,000 Soviet, 450,000 Hungarian, 350,000 Romanian, 180,000 German, 60,000 Austrian, 243,000 Czechoslovakian, 110,000 Dutch, 25,000 Belgian, 50,000 Yugoslav, 80,000 Greek, 65,000 French, 10,000 Italian.
1948: A German Parliamentary Council convened in Bonn; delegates from the 11 separate Lander parliaments and from West Berlin came to the historic assembly. Konrad Adenauer was elected president of the Council.
1951: ANZUS, a security treated between Australia, New Zealand and the U.S. was signed.
1962: The United Nations announced that the population of the world had reached 3 billion. It has since more than doubled.
1969: A coup in Libya established Muammar al-Gaddafi as leader (see also Libya In History And Prophecy).
1980: Terry Fox's Marathon of Hope (a cross-Canada run by Fox, who had lost a leg to cancer) ended near Thunder Bay, Ontario.
1983: Korean Air Flight 007 was shot down by a Soviet warplane after the commercial airliner strayed into Soviet airspace. All 269 passengers and crew were killed.
1985: Searchers located the wreckage of the Titanic on the ocean floor, approximately 900 kilometers (560 miles) south of Newfoundland. It sank on April 15 1912 with a loss of 1,500 of its 2,200 passengers.