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Tuesday, September 5 2017
Biblical Eras: The First Kings and The Civil War
"Now make us a king to judge us like all the nations ... Now there was long war between the house of Saul and the house of David"
The era of the Judges (see Biblical Eras: Governments Of The Judges) ended when the Israelites rejected the corrupt sons and would-be successors of righteous Samuel. The people demanded a "king" - a term that originated, not from "politics," but from family. True "patriotism" literally means faithful to the father (the "patra" part of patriotism is from the Latin word for father), the head of the kin, the king.
In translation of the Holy Scriptures, the English word "king" originated from a compound Anglo-Saxon word, cyning, which literally meant the father of a kin. The Hebrew word of the Holy Scriptures that is translated as "king" is pronounced meh-lek. It means exactly the same as the English word that is used to translate it - king, the father of a people (see The Patriotism Prophecy and the Fact Finder question below).
"8:1 And it came to pass, when Samuel was old, that he made his sons judges over Israel. 8:2 Now the name of his firstborn was Joel; and the name of his second, Abiah: they were judges in Beersheba. And his sons walked not in his ways, but turned aside after lucre, and took bribes, and perverted judgment." (1 Samuel 8:1-3 KJV)
Israel's first human king was Saul of the tribe of Benjamin (see Saul Of Benjamin and Samuel The Seer and King Saul of Israel). He was a very good choice and served the people well - for a short time.
"9:15 Now the LORD had told Samuel in his ear a day before Saul came, saying, 9:16 To morrow about this time I will send thee a man out of the land of Benjamin, and thou shalt anoint him to be captain over my people Israel, that he may save my people out of the hand of the Philistines: for I have looked upon my people, because their cry is come unto me.
Saul's failure happened because, like many leaders before and since, including some in the present day, "he let it go to his head." He became arrogant and conceited (see Saul's Burnt Offering), a form of self-inflicted mental retardation that turned him into a swaggering, loud-mouth, blundering fool (see Jonathan's Sweet Victory).
"15:10 Then came the word of the LORD unto Samuel, saying, 15:11 It repenteth me that I have set up Saul to be king: for he is turned back from following me, and hath not performed my commandments.
Ironically, David was, at first, assigned to be a subordinate of Saul (see The Rise Of David and The Parting of David and Saul). It was during that time, when Saul was at war with the Philistines, that the famous battle of David and Goliath happened (see The Battle Of David And Goliath).
"16:1 And the LORD said unto Samuel, How long wilt thou mourn for Saul, seeing I have rejected him from reigning over Israel? fill thine horn with oil, and go, I will send thee to Jesse the Bethlehemite: for I have provided me a king among his sons." (1 Samuel 16:1 KJV)
There was a problem however. Powerful Saul still clumsily ruled over Israel. The then-unknown shepherd boy from Bethlehem, although anointed by the LORD as Saul's successor, would have to fight, and win, a civil war to become king - without himself harming Saul, who had also been anointed by the LORD (see Why Didn't David Kill Saul?).
The struggle for the transition became an Israelite civil war between the tribe of Judah, with David as their king (see King David Of Judah), and the other tribes of Israel under increasingly unstable Saul (see Saul's Slaughter of The Priests Of The LORD and The Witch Of Endor).
The civil war ended when Saul was killed in battle against the Philistines (see Saul's Last Stand and How The Mighty Have Fallen) and Saul's would-be royal successor was assassinated by treason-committing troops of his own army (see The Assassination of Ishbosheth).
"3:1 Now there was long war between the house of Saul and the house of David: but David waxed stronger and stronger, and the house of Saul waxed weaker and weaker." (2 Samuel 3:1 KJV)
This Day In History, September 5
394: The 2-day battle at the Frigidus River in northwest Italy ended in victory for Theodosius; Eugenius was beheaded, Arbogast committed suicide.
917: Liu Yan was declared Emperor of China (see also The First Chinese American War).
1590: Alexander Farnese's army forced Henry IV of France to lift the siege of Paris.
1664: The Dutch settlement of New Amsterdam was taken by the British who later renamed it New York.
1666: The Great Fire of London was extinguished after two days. Over 10,000 buildings were destroyed.
1697: During the War of the Grand Alliance, naval forces of England and France fought the Battle of Hudson's Bay.
1800: Napoleon surrendered Malta to Britain.
1836: Sam Houston was elected as the first President of the Republic of Texas (unlike the New England colonies, Texas rebelled against Mexico, and then rebelled against the U.S. at the time of the U.S. Civil War).
1877: The native American (see also The First Chinese American War) warrior Crazy Horse (who led the Sioux at the Battle of the Little Bighorn) was fatally bayoneted by U.S. troops "while trying to escape" (while in arm and leg chains). Crazy Horse, who surrendered to stop the genocidal slaughter of entire villages of his people, was diplomatically guaranteed that he would be allowed to live free on a reservation - but was instead transported to a prison of common white criminals where he would have spent the remainder of his life in a tiny concrete and steel cage.
1905: The Peace of Portsmouth ended the Russo-Japanese War.
1910: Marie Curie demonstrated the transformation of radium ore to metal at the Academy of Sciences in France.
1914: At the start of the First World War (1914-1918), the Treaty of London formally linked the British Empire, France and Russia as allies.
1945: Igor Gouzenko, a cipher clerk in the Soviet embassy in Ottawa, Canada defected with documents that revealed an active Soviet espionage system in the West. His defection resulted in 20 espionage trials and 9 convictions. Gouzenko lived in Canada under an assumed name until his death in 1982.
1969: During the Vietnam War, U.S. Army Lt. William Calley was charged with premeditated murder for the massacre of hundreds of unarmed Vietnamese civilians (old men, women and children, including infants in their mother's arms), in the My Lai Massacre.
None of the U.S. troops who committed the war crimes were punished for carrying out the unlawful orders of their commander ("We were just following orders"). Their commander, Lt. William Calley, was the only one convicted - for which he spent a comfortable 3 years under house arrest - about 2 days for each cold-blooded murder. God's True Judgment yet awaits Calley, and all other war criminals through the ages.
Among the war criminals awaiting justice will not be Hugh Thompson. The former U.S. Army helicopter pilot from Atlanta, Georgia, at age 24, along with his crew, stopped the infamous U.S. massacre at My Lai by landing his helicopter between the Vietnamese men, women and children and the U.S. troops who had already murdered about 500 of them. Thompson ordered his two door gunners to open fire on the U.S. troops if they didn't stop their murders of helpless women and children. Hugh Thompson was ostracized at the time, but is now regarded as an extremely courageous and honorable warrior - a genuine hero. Hugh Thompson died in 2006 at age 62.
1972: At the Olympic Games in Munich, 11 Israeli athletes were murdered by Palestinian "Black September" terrorists.
1977: The Voyager 1 unmanned spacecraft was launched. Just over 20 years later, in 1998, it became the most distant human-made object from earth at 6,500,000,000 (6.5 billion) miles away, while continuing to travel at 39,000 miles per hour. Unless it hits something (unlikely in the great void of space), its journey will never end.
1978: The Camp David peace conference began between Israel's Menechem Begin and Egypt's Anwar Sadat, with U.S. President Jimmy Carter presiding.
1980: Switzerland's St. Gotthard Tunnel opened. At 16.2 kilometers / 10.1 miles, it is the longest highway tunnel in the world.
1984: Western Australia abolished capital punishment, the last Australian state to do so.
1997: Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu ("Mother Teresa") died at age 87. The Albanian-born Roman Catholic nun was known for her work with the "poorest of the poor" in India. She was awarded the 1979 Nobel Peace Prize.