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Saturday, September 9 2017

Biblical Eras: The Kingdoms Of North and South - Israel and Judah

"Israel rebelled against the house of David ... there was none that followed the house of David, but the tribe of Judah only"

Exactly as the LORD declared that He would do as a sanction upon King Solomon's idolatry (see Biblical Eras: Solomon's Idolatry and The Division Of Israel), the united Kingdom of Israel (see Biblical Eras: The City Of David - When Jerusalem Became An Israelite City) was divided into two kingdoms, "Israel" (the northern ten tribes and the east of the Jordan tribes) and "Judah" (the tribes of Judah, Benjamin and eventually all of Levi) in the south.

The division was accomplished by means of the swaggering arrogance of King Solomon's adolescent-minded son and successor, King Rehoboam.

The Division of The Kingdom under Rehoboam

"12:12 So Jeroboam and all the people came to Rehoboam the third day, as the king had appointed, saying, Come to me again the third day. 12:13 And the king answered the people roughly, and forsook the old men's counsel that they gave him; 12:14 And spake to them after the counsel of the young men, saying, My father made your yoke heavy, and I will add to your yoke: my father also chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions. 12:15 Wherefore the king hearkened not unto the people; for the cause was from the LORD, that he might perform his saying, which the LORD spake by Ahijah the Shilonite unto Jeroboam the son of Nebat.

12:16 So when all Israel saw that the king hearkened not unto them, the people answered the king, saying, What portion have we in David? neither have we inheritance in the son of Jesse: to your tents, O Israel: now see to thine own house, David. So Israel departed unto their tents.

12:17 But as for the children of Israel which dwelt in the cities of Judah, Rehoboam reigned over them.

12:18 Then king Rehoboam sent Adoram, who was over the tribute; and all Israel stoned him with stones, that he died. Therefore king Rehoboam made speed to get him up to his chariot, to flee to Jerusalem. 12:19 So Israel rebelled against the house of David unto this day. 12:20 And it came to pass, when all Israel heard that Jeroboam was come again, that they sent and called him unto the congregation, and made him king over all Israel: there was none that followed the house of David, but the tribe of Judah only." (1 Kings 12:12-20 KJV)

The division of Israel wasn't just political - it also became religious when Jeroboam, the first king of the kingdom of Israel created his own state religion - and drove out the Levites from Israel into Judah (see No Levites In The Lost Ten Tribes?).

"11:13 And the priests and the Levites that were in all Israel resorted to him out of all their coasts. 11:14 For the Levites left their suburbs and their possession, and came to Judah and Jerusalem: for Jeroboam [see Kings of Israel and Judah and Israelite Dynasties] and his sons had cast them off from executing the priest's office unto the LORD: 11:15 And he ordained him priests for the high places, and for the devils, and for the calves which he had made. 11:16 And after them out of all the tribes of Israel such as set their hearts to seek the LORD God of Israel came to Jerusalem, to sacrifice unto the LORD God of their fathers. 11:17 So they strengthened the kingdom of Judah, and made Rehoboam the son of Solomon strong, three years: for three years they walked in the way of David and Solomon." (2 Chronicles 11:13-17 KJV)

Israel and Judah

Throughout their subsequent history, Israel and Judah each had numerous kings. The difference between them is that the Kingdom of Judah always had a descendant of the Messianic line of King David, while the northern kingdom of Israel did not.

Year
B.C.
(approx)
Kings of
Judah
Kings of
Israel
Notes
933 1 Rehoboam 1 Jeroboam I Division after Solomon
915 2 Abijah      
912 3 Asa      
911    2 Nadab   
910    3 Baasha   
887    4 Elah   
886    5 Zimri   
886    6 Omri   
875    7 Ahab   
874 4 Jehoshaphat      
855    8 Ahaziah   
854    9 Joram   
850 5 Jehoram      
843 6 Ahaziah 10 Jehu   
843 7 Athaliah    The only female ruler
843 8 Joash      
820    11 Jehoahaz   
806    12 Joash   
803 9 Amaziah      
790    13 Jeroboam II   
787 10 Uzziah / Azariah      
749 11 Jotham      
748    14 Zachariah   
748    15 Shallum   
748    16 Menahem   
741 12 Ahaz      
738    17 Pekahiah   
738    18 Pekah   
730    19 Hoshea   
726 13 Hezekiah      
721       End of the northern kingdom.
697 14 Manasseh      
641 15 Amon      
639 16 Josiah      
608 17 Shallum / Jehoahaz      
608 18 Jehoiakim      
597 19 Jehoiachin      
597 20 Zedekiah
     
586       End of the southern kingdom.

Fact Finder: What was the result of the northern kingdom's religious and political "independence" from the line of King David? When will Israel be re-united with Judah and the Messianic line?
See How Did Israel Separate Itself From The Messianic King?


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This Day In History, September 9

9: Germanic tribes under the command of Hermann (who was known to the Romans as Arminius) annihilated three Roman legions (see also Legions Of Men And Angels) of Publius Quinctilius Varus in the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest. The Roman Empire (see A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars), while extending across Europe from Israel to Britain, was never able to extend into Germany - which actually succeeded the Roman Empire as "the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation" (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).

Battle of the Teutoburg Forest

337: Constantine's three sons, already "Caesars" (a family name that became an imperial title), each took the title of Augustus. Constantine II and Constans divided the western empire while Constantius II took control of the eastern empire (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy and A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad).

1087: King William I of England died at age 60. Known as William the Conqueror, he was the first Norman King of England, reigning from 1066 until his death. In 1086 William began the recording of the Domesday Book, a survey that documented all of the land owners in England.

Signature

1379: The Treaty of Neuberg divided the Austrian Habsburg lands between the Habsburg Dukes Albert III and Leopold III.

1493: The Battle of Krbava Field, a decisive defeat of Croats in Croatian struggle against the invasion by the Ottoman Empire. Centuries later, it was the fall of the Ottoman Empire to the British that enabled the present-day state of "Israel" to come into existence.

1513: Forces of James IV of Scotland battled English troops in Flodden near Branxton, in the English county of Northumberland.

1543: Mary, Queen of Scots, was coronated.

1585: Pope Sixtus V blocked Henry of Navarre's rights to the French crown.

1754: William Bligh was born. As the 35 year-old captain of the Bounty in 1789, some of his crew (although many regard the criminals as "heroes" today, they were nothing more than typical sissy-minded unpatriotic rebels who lacked the manhood to fulfill their sworn allegiance) made their infamous mutiny. Bligh and 18 loyal men of his crew were set adrift in a small lifeboat, which they amazingly managed to sail about 6,500 kilometers (4,000 miles) to Timor. Some of the mutineers settled on Pitcairn Island after burning the hijacked ship just offshore.

William Bligh

1855: During the Crimean War, the Siege of Sevastopol ended when Russian forces abandoned the city.

1867: Adolphus abdicated as duke of Nassau and was granted 8.5 million thalers (the German word from which "dollar" originated; see The Birth Of The Dollar) and a few castles as compensation.

1886: The Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works was finalized.

1914: During the First World War (1914-1918; see also The Assassination That Triggered Two World Wars), the newly-formed "Canadian Automobile Machine Gun Brigade" became the first fully-mechanized battle group in the British Army.

1948: After the withdrawal of Soviet forces from North Korea, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea was proclaimed with Pyongyang as its capital (see Why Was Korea Divided Into North And South?).

1965: Hurricane Betsy struck New Orleans, Louisiana, leaving 76 people dead and $1.42 billion (in 1965 dollars, about $15 billion today) in damages. It is regarded as the first hurricane to exceed $1 billion in damages (see The Origin Of Hurricanes, Cyclones and Typhoons).

1971: In Attica, New York, the four-day Attica Prison riot began. It ended with 39 dead, most killed by state troopers when they stormed the prison.

1976: Mao Zedong, Chinese leader died. He proclaimed the People's Republic of China in 1949 in Beijing (see also For All The Tea In China and The First Chinese American War).

Mao

1991: Tajikstan declare independence from the Soviet Union (see also Russia Or Europe - Who Has Been The Invader?).

1993: The "Palestine Liberation Organization" (as the terrorist organization was first named by its founders) officially recognized Israel as a legitimate state. "Palestine" is actually just a variant English pronunciation of "Philistine" (see Where Is The Real Palestine?).





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