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Friday, September 15 2017
Biblical Eras: The Greeks, The Abomination Of Desolation And The Maccabees
By the time of the people of Judah's return from their Babylonian exile (see Biblical Eras: From Babylon To Jerusalem - Again and Biblical Eras: The Rebuilding Of Judah And Jerusalem), the Israelites, as a whole, had already known four major empires of the ancient world. Two more great empires were yet to come.
The people of Judah then continued their national existence after the Persia Empire fell to the Greek Empire - exactly as the LORD had declared in His prophecy to Daniel (see The Ram And He Goat Of Persia And Greece).
The Greek Empire reached its peak during the two to three centuries between the end of the Old Testament record and the beginning of the New Testament record. During that time, the Greek Empire itself was divided, after the death of its founder Alexander the Great, into four major territories.
Jerusalem and the people of Judah were located directly between two of those branches of the former Greek Empire - the Greek Seleucids of Syria and the Greek Ptolomies of Egypt (Cleopatra is the most famous rulers of the Ptolomies of Egypt; see A Biography Of Jesus Christ: The Years In Cleopatra's Egypt).
The Seleucids and the Ptolomies both ruled over Jerusalem in their turn, but it was the Seleucids of Syria that caused the people of Judah to restore their own sovereignty, under the Hasmoneans, also known as the Maccabees, after Antiochus IV, a Seleucid king, committed the "abomination of desolation" in the Temple in Jerusalem - the cleansing of which became the establishment of their observance of Hanukkah (see The Origins Of The Abomination of Desolation And Hanukkah).
The Hasmonean kingdom of Judah, during which time modern-day "Judaism" came into existence (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Judaism), lasted until the rise of the Roman Empire (the subject of the next study in this series).
Fact Finder: What did Jesus Christ say about the "abomination of desolation" - of the ancient time during the Maccabees era, and the yet-future time of His return?
This Day In History, September 15
76 BC: Alexander Jannaeus (Alexander Yannai), the Hasmonean / Maccabean king of Judaea, died (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Hasmonean Judea and Christ's Hanukkah). The Maccabees led the people of Judah to independence after the original "abomination of desolation" was committed in Jerusalem by the Syrian king Antiochus Epiphanes (see A History Of Jerusalem: Abomination Of Desolation). Alexander Jannaeus succeeded his brother Aristobulus in 103 BC. He was an ally of the Sadducees and persecuted their opponents, the Pharisees (see The Origin Of The Essenes, Sadducees And Pharisees).
668: Eastern Roman Emperor Constans II was assassinated at Syracuse, Italy.
15 1620: Puritan separatists from the Church of England, some living in Holland, left Plymouth, England, on the Mayflower.
1648: The Larger and the Shorter Catechisms, both produced by the Westminster Assembly the previous year, were approved by the British Parliament. These two documents have been in regular use among various Presbyterians, Congregationalists and Baptists from that time.
1697: Augustus II, elector of Saxony, was crowned king of Poland.
1776: During the revolution of the New England colonies that had been established by English pioneers and investment over 150 years earlier, British forces under General William Howe captured New York City (named after England's Duke of York).
1821: San Salvador, Costa Rica and Guatemala declared themselves independent of Spain.
1830: Britain's Liverpool and Manchester railway line opened.
1835: The HMS Beagle, with Charles Darwin aboard, arrived at the Galapagos Islands (see Rescuing Charles Darwin From The Atheists).
1916: The first deployment of tanks in battle - 49 British "Big Willies" participated in the Battle of The Somme during the First World War (listen to our Sermon The European World Wars).
1928: Scottish researcher Alexander Fleming discovered the antibiotic effect of penicillin.
1935: In Germany, the Nazis under the leadership of Adolf Hitler (see Why Does Satan Love Liars? and Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion) enacted the Nuremburg Laws, beginning a program of violent religious and racial persecution (see The Terrorist Attack That Enabled Hitler To Become A Dictator). All Jews were deprived of their citizenship and the "ghettos" were created. The same day, the Swastika became the national flag of Germany.
1938: British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain flew to Germany to meet Adolf Hitler at Berchtesgaden, the first of two meetings to try and avoid the crisis over the Sudetenland.
1940: At the height of the Battle of Britain, Royal Air Force Hurricanes and Spitfires shot down 185 Nazi planes. The day has since been celebrated as Battle of Britain day (see also Who Was The First To Fly? and The Rockets' Red Glare).
1945: A hurricane destroyed over 350 military aircraft at a naval air station in Florida (see The Origin Of Hurricanes, Cyclones and Typhoons).
1959: Nikita Khrushchev became the first Russian head of state to visit the U.S. (see also Russia Or Europe - Who Has Been The Invader?).
1963: During the struggle for civil rights of black people in the U.S., four black children died when their church in Montgomery, Alabama was destroyed by a bomb.
1968: The unmanned Soviet Zond 5 spaceship was launched. It became the first vehicle to fly around the Moon and then return and re-enter the Earth's atmosphere.
1972: Two former White House aides, Howard Hunt and Gordon Liddy, were added to the five men already charged with the break-in at the Watergate building during the Nixon regime.
1982: Despite Israel's protest, Pope John Paul II had a private meeting with "Palestinian" (see Where Is Palestine?) terrorist leader Yasser Arafat in the Vatican (see also A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad).
2008: Lehman Brothers filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy, the largest bankruptcy filing in U.S. history to date.