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Tuesday, November 7 2017
When Was Jerusalem The Capital Of The United Kingdom?
"David and all Israel went to Jerusalem, which is Jebus; where the Jebusites were, the inhabitants of the land"
Jerusalem is today popularly-regarded as the "eternal" capital of Israel - which it will be, when all has been fulfilled (see the complete Jerusalem study series in the Fact Finder question below).
Throughout history however, the city of Jerusalem served as the capital of the united Kingdom of Israel for only a few decades - during the latter part of the reign of King David (who captured "the Jebusite city" from the Jebusites), through the entire reign of King Solomon (the son of King David; see Israel In History and Prophecy: Solomon) and briefly at the beginning of the reign of King Rehoboam (the son of King Solomon; see Rehoboam's Answer).
"The king and his men went to Jerusalem unto the Jebusites, the inhabitants of the land ... David took the strong hold of Zion: the same is the city of David"
The end of the civil war saw a reunification of all of the tribes of Israel under King David. David's capital at that time was Hebron, a city south of Jerusalem in the tribal territory of Judah (see Joshua 15: Judah's Homeland).
"5:1 Then came all the tribes of Israel to David unto Hebron, and spake, saying, Behold, we are thy bone and thy flesh. 5:2 Also in time past, when Saul was king over us, thou wast he that leddest out and broughtest in Israel: and the LORD said to thee, Thou shalt feed my people Israel, and thou shalt be a captain over Israel.
As detailed above, Jerusalem up to that time was a foreign city to the Israelites. At the end of the civil war however, according to the Will of the LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ - see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God), David took possession of the city with the sure knowledge that "the LORD had established him king over Israel, and that he had exalted his kingdom for his people Israel's sake."
"5:6 And the king and his men went to Jerusalem unto the Jebusites, the inhabitants of the land: which spake unto David, saying, Except thou take away the blind and the lame, thou shalt not come in hither: thinking, David cannot come in hither. 5:7 Nevertheless David took the strong hold of Zion: the same is the city of David.
The Philistines (the actual "Palestinians") remained an enemy of Israel, but not because of Jerusalem. The "Palestinians" never regarded Jerusalem as their city (see 1 Samuel 29: Where Is Palestine?).
"5:17 But when the Philistines heard that they had anointed David king over Israel, all the Philistines came up to seek David; and David heard of it, and went down to the hold. 5:18 The Philistines also came and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim. 5:19 And David enquired of the LORD, saying, Shall I go up to the Philistines? wilt thou deliver them into mine hand?
Fact Finder: How was Jesus Christ involved in the history and prophecy of Jerusalem - from the most ancient times to the yet-future?
This Day In History, November 7
680: The Sixth Ecumenical Council began in Constantinople. The city was named after the Roman Emperor Constantine, who created the antichrist Church of Rome and many of its anti-Biblical doctrines (see Emperor Constantine's Sun Dogs and Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy).
1492: The Ensisheim meteorite, the oldest meteorite with a known date of impact, struck the Earth in a wheat field outside the village of Ensisheim, Alsace, France (see also When Space Rocks Collide With Earth).
1619: Elizabeth of Scotland and England was crowned Queen of Bohemia.
1659: The Treaty of the Pyrenees was signed, ending the Franco-Spanish War of 1648-1689.
1665: The London Gazette, the oldest surviving journal, was first published.
1775: John Murray (formally known as Lord Dunmore), a nobleman of Scotland who served as the Royal Governor of the Colony of Virginia, started the first emancipation of slaves in North America by issuing Lord Dunmore's Offer of Emancipation. The program was stopped by the leaders of the New England revolution, most of whom were and remained slave owners through their entire lives e.g. George Washington and Thomas Jefferson were lifetime slave holders, including after proclaiming "freedom" and "all men are created equal" for themselves.
1783: The last person was publicly burned by Spanish Inquisition.
1804: Napoleon Bonaparte declared himself emperor, thus ending the First Republic of France ("emperor" is an ancient Roman term that merely means that the leader of one country declares himself the leader of other people's countries, usually by invasion; see Russia Or Europe - Who Has Been The Invader?).
1837: Elijah Lovejoy, a prominent U.S. anti-slavery publisher, was killed by a mob while attempting to defend his newspaper's press.
1867: The first Parliament of Canada opened in Ottawa. The introductory throne speech was delivered by Governor General Lord Monck to Canada's first Prime Minister, Sir John A. Macdonald, and his newly-elected cabinet.
1885: The "Last Spike" of the Canadian Pacific Railway completed Canada's first transcontinental national railway.
1917: British forces under Edmund Allenby defeated the Ottomans during the Third Battle of Gaze. With Beersheba already under their control, the way was then open for the British advance for the liberation of Jerusalem (see A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate).
1917: The Bolshevik Revolution began; communists under Vladimir Lenin overthrew the provisional government of Alexander Kerensky in Petrograd.
1921: Benito Mussolini became the leader of the Italian "conservative" Fascist Party (see Is Iniquity Liberal Or Conservative?). He became the primary European ally of Adolf Hitler during the Second World War (1919-1945). At the end of the war, Mussolini, 61, and his mistress Clara Petacci, 33, were executed by a mob of Italian people who then hung the bodies upside down with meat hooks at a service station.
1938: Ernst von Rath, the third secretary of the German Embassy in Paris, was murdered by 17 year-old German-Jewish refugee, Herschel Grynszpan, whose father had been among 10,000 Jews deported to Poland in boxcars shortly before; the retaliatory killing was used as an excuse by Adolf Hitler (see Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion) to trigger the anti-Jewish "Kristallnacht" in Germany 2 days later.
1956: The United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution calling upon Britain, France and Israel to withdraw their troops from Egypt.
1973: The U.S. and Egypt announced restoration of full diplomatic links for the first time since the 1967 Six Day War (see A History Of Jerusalem: War And Peace).
2000: The Presidential election between George W. Bush and Al Gore, one of the most contested and controversial elections in the history of the U.S.; Gore won the popular vote of millions of U.S. voters, while Bush won a U.S. Supreme Court decision of 9 judges that in effect declared Bush the winner (for which many critics claimed that the "Republicans on the Supreme Court decided the election").