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Tuesday, November 14 2017
The Roman Emperors: Augustus
"And it came to pass in those days, that there went out a decree from Caesar Augustus ... And Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, into Judaea, unto the city of David, which is called Bethlehem ... And she brought forth her firstborn son, and wrapped him in swaddling clothes, and laid him in a manger; because there was no room for them in the inn"
Octavian was the grand-nephew of Julius Caesar (see The Roman Emperors: Julius Caesar), but was adopted by Julius Caesar according to the terms of his will (a legal custom that was also recognized by the Israelites i.e. Jacob / Israel adopted two of his grandsons and made them sons; see The Adoption Of Ephraim and Manasseh and The Mothers Of The Patriarchs: Asenath).
When Julius Caesar was assassinated in 44 BC, during the Roman Republic, right in the Roman Senate by treacherous Roman Senators, it sealed the fate of the Roman Republic in the eyes of Octavian. His motive to rid Rome of the experiment in its republican form of government was vengeance, although he was the primary political beneficiary of the restoration to Rome's founding monarchy (the Roman republic began around 500 BC, replacing the monarchy that existed by the conquering founders).
After the assassination of Julius Caesar, the relatively-young Octavian was appointed to the Second Triumvirate, along with Mark Antony and Marcus Aemilius Lepidus. When Octavian was ready, and the time was right, Lepidus was exiled.
Marc Antony was then manipulated into the Battle of Actium - a "two birds with one stone" victory for Octavian - he rid himself of Antony and defeated the remnant of the Greek Empire of Alexander the Great in Egypt, which then was ruled by the famous Cleopatra, who had allied herself with Antony (see A Biography Of Jesus Christ: The Years In Cleopatra's Egypt).
The Battle of Actium was fought on September, 2 31 BC in the Ionian Sea (located south of the Adriatic Sea, between southern Italy and southern Greece) near the city of Actium, Greece. Octavian's navy (see also Send In The Marines) was commanded by Marcus Agrippa, while Antony's ships were in formation with those of Cleopatra. When it was over (both Antony and Cleopatra committed suicide when they lost the battle), Octavian was the sole political and military ruler of Rome and all of its territory - plus, with the acquisition of Cleopatra's Egypt, the Roman Empire was, that would soon thereafter rule Judea and Jerusalem, was born.
Octavian then declared the name Augustus (meaning "the revered one"), which was also used as a title, and further, the title of "Caesar," thereby transforming it from a man's name (i.e. Julius Caesar, but that of Octavian then too because of the adoption) to an imperial title, one of the few such times in history whereby it was done with lasting effect (another major example is "Washington," which ironically began with a very anti-empire man by that name, but which now has come to mean an imperial capital city that has its "legions" occupying countries all around the world, undemocratically installing puppet / spineless-stooge regimes exactly as the Romans did i.e. "we want a regime change over there."
Caesar Augustus (the photograph shows an actual in-his-lifetime portrait statue of the Caesar Augustus recorded in the Holy Bible) also then established the imperial structure that would exist during the human lifetime of Jesus Christ, thereby bringing us to the famous census, decreed by Augustus, that resulted in the fulfillment of the prophecy that the Messiah would be born in Bethlehem (see also Bethlehem In History And Prophecy).
"2:1 And it came to pass in those days, that there went out a decree from Caesar Augustus, that all the world should be taxed. 2:2 (And this taxing was first made when Cyrenius was governor of Syria.) 2:3 And all went to be taxed, every one into his own city.
Caesar Augustus reigned over Judea and Jerusalem during the first half of the human lifetime of Jesus Christ. After a reign of almost 41 years, beginning in 27 BC, Augustus died in 14 AD at age 75.
During their sack of Rome in the fifth century AD, the Vandals removed the ashes of Augustus from the Mausoleum of Augustus and scattered them - where they were trampled into the dirt by humans and animals. Although the Vandals were heathens, they thereby unwittingly provided an object lesson of what is coming:
"4:3 And ye shall tread down the wicked; for they shall be ashes under the soles of your feet in the day that I shall do this, saith the LORD of hosts" (Malachi 4:3 KJV).
Fact Finder: The Messiah was born in Bethlehem because Caesar Augustus declared a census for Judea. What would be the effect if that census record was found?
This Day In History, November 14
565: Roman emperor Justinian died at age 81. The "Imperial Restoration" temporarily occurred during his reign, but it was too late; the original Roman Empire (see A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars) had already moved north, into Germany (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).
1533: Spanish "Conquistadors" under the leadership of Francisco Pizarro arrived in Cajamarca of the Incas.
1666: Samuel Pepys reported on the first blood transfusion (between dogs).
1792: Captain George Vancouver, a British officer of the Royal Navy, began his exploration of the west coast of North America. His expeditions circumnavigated the planet and landed on five continents
1851: Moby Dick by Herman Melville was published (see also The Origin Of Moby Dick).
1916: During the First World War (1914-1918; see The Assassination That Triggered Two World Wars), the Battle of the Somme ended. It was one of the bloodiest battles of all time with over 1,000,000 troops killed or wounded.
1922: The BBC began daily radio broadcasts from Marconi House.
1940: During the Second World War (1939-1945), Coventry, England was severely damaged by German bombers in the "blitz." It was the worst single-day bombing of Britain of the war; over 1,000 were killed (see Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).
1941: During the Second World War (1939-1945), the British aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal was lost after being torpedoed by a German submarine.
1951: French paratroopers captured Hoabinh, Vietnam, thereby involving France in the foreigner-incited Vietnam civil war for most of the 1950s. The U.S. replaced France in that intervention for most of the 1960s and early 1970s. The Vietnamese of the north defeated the Vietnamese of the south and made Vietnam into a single country again, as it had been for over 2,000 years (Vietnam has a recorded history that extends to the third century BC) before meddling foreigners divided Vietnam into north and south (see also Why Was Korea Divided Into North And South?).
1969: 250,000 people marched in Washington to protest the U.S. involvement in the Vietnam civil war.
1983: The first U.S. cruise missiles armed with nuclear warheads arrived at Greenham Common airbase in England amid protests from British people who didn't want foreign weapons of mass destruction in Britain (Britain itself has a large nuclear arsenal of doomsday weapons; see also Who Would Throw A Nuclear Boomerang?).
1994: The first fare-paying passengers on the new rail service traveled through the Channel Tunnel linking England and France.