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Thursday, November 16 2017
The Roman Emperors: Caligula
"Who opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God, or that is worshipped; so that he as God sitteth in the Temple of God, shewing himself that he is God"
The divided Greek Empire of Alexander the Great ended with the rise of the Roman Empire (see A Biography Of Jesus Christ: The Years In Cleopatra's Egypt). Julius Caesar sowed the seeds of the Roman Empire with his seizure of power over the last days of the Roman Republic (see The Roman Emperors: Julius Caesar).
When Julius Caesar was assassinated by Roman Senators right in the Senate Chamber, it marked not just the end of Julius Caesar, but the end of the Roman Republic. Julius Caesar's adopted son Octavian restored the Roman monarchy and became Rome's first emperor (although presidents can become emperors just as well as kings - any "leader" who rules over other nations is an emperor), known as Caesar Augustus - who is recorded in the Holy Bible for declaring the census of his empire that resulted in the Messiah fulfilling the prophecy of being born in Bethlehem (see The Roman Emperors: Augustus). Caesar Augustus ruled from 27 BC until his death in 14 AD.
Caesar Augustus was succeeded by Tiberius - the Roman Emperor who reigned at the time of the Crucifixion of the Messiah (see The Roman Emperors: Tiberius). Tiberius reigned from 14 AD until his death in 37 AD.
Tiberius was succeeded by Gaius (full name Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus Germanicus), who is more commonly known as Caligula. He reigned for less than 4 years, from 37 AD until his assassination in 41 AD by Roman politicians and "ambitious" military commanders who sought to restore the Roman Republic for themselves.
Caligula's short time in power did not prevent him from becoming a blasphemous megalomaniac. He declared himself to be a "god" and began replacing the idol statues around Rome with those of himself.
He further declared that an idol statue of himself be erected in the Temple in Jerusalem which caused an uprising by the people of Judea at the time (they were finally starting to get their national backbone back, in a lead up to the major revolt against Roman occupation that would come by 70 AD). When the governors and military commanders reported back to Caligula that another "abomination of desolation" (as the Jews saw it - see the Fact Finder question below) would cause a revolt, Caligula ordered the removal of those who repeatedly failed to carry out his orders. Nothing came of it though - Caligula was assassinated before anything was done.
Fact Finder: What was, and will yet be, the prophesied "abomination of desolation"?
This Day In History, November 16
42 BC: Tiberius was born. Tiberius was the Roman Emperor at the time of the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ (see The Roman Emperors: Tiberius). Augustus, the predecessor of Tiberius, was the Emperor at the time of the Messiah's birth, as recorded in the Bible (see The Roman Emperors: Augustus and The Roman Emperors: Julius Caesar; also Does Rome Have Christ's Birth Certificate?).
1272: King Henry III of England, who had ruled since 1216, died and was succeeded by his son Edward I.
1532: Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro and his army captured Inca Emperor Atahualpa at the Battle of Cajamarca.
1621: The Pope proclaimed January 1st to be the beginning of the Roman calendar year. Before that time, March was the first month - the reason why a number of today's Roman calendar month names are misnomers e.g. September ("sept" is a prefix meaning "seven") went from being the seventh month to the ninth (see How Did Rome Change True Time?).
1686: Britain and France signed the Treaty of Neutrality regarding their colonies in North America in the event of war in Europe.
France later supported the revolution of the New England colonies against Britain, not for any purpose of "freedom" (at the very same time that the France-supported revolution in New England happened, France hypocritically had its own colonies in Louisiana and elsewhere in North America - in which France tolerated no independence), but with the intention of conquering New England for France after the colonies became independent of British military support. Later costly wars in Europe, started by the French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte (see Russia Or Europe - Who Has Been The Invader?), diverted French military forces from North America.
1885: Louis Riel, the rebel leader of the "Riel Rebellion" in Canada, was executed for treason.
1894: Over 6,000 Armenians were reported massacred by Turks in Kurdistan.
1904: English electrical engineer and physicist John Ambrose Fleming received a patent for the "thermionic valve" (later known as the vacuum tube).
1918: With the fall of the Austro-Hungarian empire at the end of the First World War (1914-1918; see also The Assassination That Triggered Two World Wars), Hungary was proclaimed an independent republic.
1945: At the end of the Second World War (1939-1945), many prominent Nazi scientists who worked for Adolf Hitler's war and holocaust regime (see also Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion) were admitted into the U.S. The "reformed" Nazis (many people, at the time and ever since, nevertheless regarded them as war criminals who escaped justice, including Jewish concentration camp survivors who were victims of some of their "experiments") later worked for various government and military agencies, including NASA and nuclear missile programs.
Among them was the Nazi scientist Wernher von Braun (the developer of the rockets that Hitler used to bomb Britain) who worked at NASA to develop the U.S. space program using Hitler's rocket designs. Many who knew the truth about Wernher von Braun referred to him as the "NASA Nazi."
1960: Riots occurred in New Orleans after two all-white schools began allowing blacks to attend classes.
1965: The Soviet Union launched its Venera III spacecraft. Its arrival on Venus in March, 1966 made it the first spacecraft to land on another planet.