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Saturday, November 25 2017
The Messiah And The Caesars
"And it came to pass in those days, that there went out a decree from Caesar Augustus"
The Roman imperial term "Caesar" originated from Julius Caesar, who was assassinated by Roman Senators, right in the Roman Senate, about forty years before the Messiah was born in Bethlehem (see The Roman Emperors: Julius Caesar; see also a complete list of studies for all of the New Testament era Roman Emperors from Julius Caesar to Domitian at The Roman Emperors: Domitian).
Jesus Christ knew two Caesars during His life in Judea (see A Biography Of Jesus Christ: How Long In Bethlehem? and A Biography Of Jesus Christ: Life In Nazareth and A Biography Of Jesus Christ: Capernaum On The Lake Shore) - Augustus, who reigned at the time of the Messiah's Birth, and Tiberius, who reigned during the time of the Messiah's Ministry and Crucifixion.
Both Augustus and Tiberius are recorded, specifically by name, in the Holy Bible.
"2:1 And it came to pass in those days, that there went out a decree from Caesar Augustus, that all the world [i.e. the conquered territories of the Roman Empire; see the map below] should be taxed. 2:2 (And this taxing was first made when Cyrenius was governor of Syria.) 2:3 And all went to be taxed, every one into his own city.
Tiberius was in the fifteenth year of his reign (i.e. Augustus reigned for about the first half of the Messiah's life, Tiberius reigned for about the second half of the Messiah's life) when John the Baptist, and then the Messiah, began their ministries (see Jesus And John: Similarities And Differences and The Ministries Of The Two Greatest Prophets).
"3:1 Now in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judaea [see Israel In History and Prophecy: Roman Judea], and Herod being tetrarch of Galilee, and his brother Philip tetrarch of Ituraea and of the region of Trachonitis, and Lysanias the tetrarch of Abilene, 3:2 Annas and Caiaphas being the high priests, the word of God came unto John the son of Zacharias in the wilderness. 3:3 And he came into all the country about Jordan, preaching the baptism of repentance for the remission of sins; 3:4 As it is written in the book of the words of Esaias the prophet, saying,
Fact Finder: How could the census that was decreed by Caesar Augustus have created an official record of the birth of the Messiah in Bethlehem?
This Day In History, November 25
571 BC: Servius Tullius, king of Rome, declared victory over the Etruscans. The Roman Republic grew out of that earlier Roman monarchy. Imperial Rome, which was a restoration and expansion of the Roman Monarchy, from King to Emperor, then grew out from the Roman Republic (see The Politics Of Rome and The Roman Emperors: Julius Caesar; also The Roman Emperors: Augustus and The Roman Emperors: Tiberius and The Roman Emperors: Domitian).
1177: During the "Crusades" (a word from the Latin word for "cross"; see Emperor Constantine's Sun Dogs) between the Church of Rome against the Muslim nations for control of Jerusalem (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy and The Prophet Daniel: Kings Of The North and South), Baldwin IV of Jerusalem and Raynald of Chatillon defeated Saladin at the Battle of Montgisard.
1487: Elizabeth of York was crowned Queen Consort (i.e. wife of a reigning king) of England. Elizabeth was a daughter, sister, niece and wife of a number of English monarchs - Edward IV, Edward V, Richard III and Henry VII. She was the mother of King Henry VIII, and the grandmother of his children Mary I, Elizabeth I and Edward VI.
1513: Spanish explorer Vasco Nunez de Balboa became the first known European to sight the Pacific Ocean. He claimed the entire Pacific Ocean, and all lands anywhere that were touched by it, for Spain.
1555: In Germany, the Peace of Augsburg was declared. It was the first effort in the so-called Holy Roman Empire (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation) to allow Lutheranism (Protestantism) and Catholicism to exist together in the Holy Roman Empire (not a difficult task because the doctrines of Roman Catholicism and "Protestantism" are practically identical; listen also to our Sermon Constantine's Papacy).
1644: Ole Romer was born. The Danish scientific researcher and astronomer was the first to accurately determine the speed of light - 186,000 miles per second. Light can travel around the entire earth 7 times in 1 second, or travel from the earth to the moon in just over 1 second.
1667: An earthquake struck the area of Shemakha in the Caucasus, killing 80,000 people.
1703: The Great Storm of 1703, with winds up to 120 mph (the most powerful windstorm ever recorded Britain) killed over 9,000 people.
1741: Forces supporting Elizabeth, daughter of Peter I the Great, staged a coup d'etat to seize the Russian throne from Ivan VI. Elizabeth was empress of Russia from 1741-1762.
1759: A Mediterranean Sea earthquake devastated Beirut, Lebanon and Damascus, Syria; approximately 40,000 people died.
1818: The first human blood transfusion took place at a hospital in London, England.
1839: A cyclone struck India with a 40-foot storm surge; 20,000 boats and ships were destroyed and an estimated 300,000 people were killed (see also The Origin Of Hurricanes, Cyclones and Typhoons).
1867: Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel invented dynamite. The fortune that he made from the explosive and his other weapons-of-war manufacturing interests (i.e. cannons) was used to finance the Nobel Prizes that are named after him - including, ironically (some say hypocritically), the Nobel "Peace" Prize.
1914: German General Hindenburg called off the Lodz offensive 40 miles from Warsaw. The Russians lost 90,000 to the Germans' 35,000 in 2 weeks of fighting.
1917: The National Hockey League (NHL) was established, in Montreal (i.e. the "national" referred to Canada). The original 5 teams were the Montreal Canadiens, Montreal Wanderers, Ottawa Senators and Toronto Arenas. Quebec had a franchise but decided not to operate that season. The Boston Bruins became the first U.S. team to join, in 1924.
1936: The "Anti-Comintern Pact" was signed between Germany and Japan; it provided for collaboration between them in opposition to Communist International. Italy joined the next year.
1940: 240 Jews and a dozen British policemen were killed in the sinking of the Patria in Haifa harbor. In order to prevent the removal of the Jewish refugees on the ship from "Palestine," the Haganah (a Jewish "resistance" group; in today's terminology, they would be defined as "terrorists") arranged to blow a hole in the ship's hull, intending to force the disembarkation of the passengers. Tragically however, the ship sank almost immediately. Ironically as well, the Jewish "resistance" were fighting the British who liberated the land of Israel from centuries of Ottoman (a Muslim empire of Turkey) rule (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Balfour Declaration).
1941: A Japanese naval armada left their home ports to carry out their attacks on numerous Australian, Dutch, British and U.S. targets (the attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii was just one of many Japanese near-simultaneous attacks on nations all across the Pacific in December of 1941).
1941: In the Mediterranean, the British battleship Barham was sunk by a German U-boat (German Unterseeboot, meaning "undersea boat" i.e. a submarine) off Sollum, Egypt, killing 848 British Navy seamen.
1956: The first transatlantic telephone cable between Europe and North America went into service.
1984: William Schroeder became second human to receive an artificial heart. After 18 days with the mechanical heart, he suffered a series of strokes that left him in a vegetative state. He died August 7 1986, from a lung infection, 620 days after receiving the artificial heart.
1996: Israeli troops and Palestinian (a word that originated from "Philistine") security forces exchanged gunfire in Jerusalem and in other areas in Israel, set off by Palestinian opposition to an Israeli historical research tunnel dug in Jerusalem in the area of the Temple Mount (see What Was Holy About Herod's Temple? and The Temple Vessel Prophecies Today). The confrontation was described as the heaviest fighting in Jerusalem since the area was captured by the Jews during the 1967 Six Day War (see A History Of Jerusalem: War And Peace).
2009: The 2009 Saudi Arabian Floods inundated the city of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia during a Hajj pilgrimage. 3,000 cars are swept away and 122 people died in the waters, with 350 others missing.