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Thursday, November 30 2017
The Roman Governors
"Pontius Pilate being governor of Judaea"
The land of Israel was militarily-occupied and administered by Roman governors during the human lifetime of Jesus of Nazareth. Technically, the Messiah was a Roman citizen (see Does Rome Have Christ's Birth Certificate?).
"3:1 Now in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar [see The Roman Emperors: Tiberius], Pontius Pilate being governor of Judaea, and Herod being tetrarch of Galilee, and his brother Philip tetrarch of Ituraea and of the region of Trachonitis, and Lysanias the tetrarch of Abilene, 3:2 Annas and Caiaphas being the high priests, the word of God came unto John the son of Zacharias in the wilderness." (Luke 3:1-2 KJV)
Within the 3 major governed regions (provinces or tetrarchies) were territories that recognized the historic origin of the places.
Fact Finder: Why did the Roman governor Pontius Pilate order Jesus of Nazareth to be executed - after publicly declaring Him innocent of any wrongdoing only a few minutes before?
This Day In History, November 30
1016: King Edmund II of England died. He became known as "Ironside" for his defense of England against the invading Danes under Canute (or "Knut"). Canute's forces eventually won however, and made the Danish/Polish Viking Canute the king of England for 20 years, during which the pro-Rome Canute made England into a territory of the so-called Holy Roman Empire (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).
1215: The Fourth Lateran Council ended. Convened by Pope Innocent III, it made the first official use of the Church of Rome's man-made doctrine of "transubstantiation."
1554: Under Queen Mary (Mary Tudor - "Bloody Mary") Roman Catholicism was restored to England for a short time. Mary had Thomas Cranmer, Hugh Latimer, Nicholas Ridley and nearly 300 other Protestant leaders burned at the stake.
1700: A Swedish force of 8,000 under King Charles XII defeated 50,000 Russians at the Battle of Narva. The Russian loses were 10,000, while Sweden lost 600. Charles died on this date, in 1718, while invading Norway.
1718: Sweden's King Charles XII died during the siege of the fortress Fredriksten in Norway.
1786: Peter Leopold Joseph of Habsburg-Lorraine, Grand Duke of Tuscany, proclaimed a criminal justice reform policy that made his country the first to abolish the death penalty.
1803: Spain officially transferred the Louisiana Territory to France. Less than 3 weeks later, France transferred the territory to the U.S. as the Louisiana Purchase.
1824: Work began on the Welland Canal. The canal, located in the Province of Ontario, connects Lake Ontario and Lake Erie, bypassing Niagara Falls, enabling large ocean-going ships to access ports in Ontario, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Michigan, Wisconsin, Illinois and Minnesota.
1838: Mexico declared war on France after the French taking of Vera Cruz (see also The Mexican Border Wall).
1853: During the Crimean War, the Russia's navy devastated much of the Turkish (i.e. Ottoman) fleet at the battle of Sinope (listen to our Sermon The Ottoman Empire).
1934: The British Railways steam locomotive Flying Scotsman became the first to officially exceed 100 miles per hour.
1939: Russia invaded Finland with 20 army divisions consisting of nearly 500,000 troops.
1950: U.S. President Harry Truman threatened to again use his atomic bombs (his first two uses of "the bomb" incinerated the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in which over 200,000 civilian men, women and children were killed or horribly burned), this time against North Korea. From that time on, North Korea (and a number of other nations) sought to get "the bomb" too, to defend themselves from those who threaten to destroy their country with nuclear weapons. See also Who Would Throw A Nuclear Boomerang? and Why Was Korea Divided Into North And South?
1983: Radio Shack began selling its Tandy computer (80186 chip).
1988: The United Nations General Assembly censured the U.S. for not providing Palestinian terrorist leader Yasser Arafat a diplomatic visa to enter New York for the sole purpose of addressing the UN (see also Where Is Palestine?).
1996: Prince Andrew returned the Stone of Scone (pronounced "scoon") to Scotland on behalf of England after exactly 700 years during a ceremony in the Great Hall of Edinburgh Castle. The 440 pound block of grey sandstone was the coronation seat of Scottish kings until it was carried away as war booty by King Edward I in 1296. It was placed under the coronation chair in Westminster Abbey where it has been involved in all coronations since then.