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Tuesday, December 5 2017

Hometowns: Bethany

"Lazarus, of Bethany, the town of Mary and her sister Martha"

Bethany, from the Hebrew meaning house of dates (named from the date palms that grew there) is located on the southeastern slope of the Mount Of Olives, on the opposite side, but not far from, Jerusalem.

Mount Of Olives

A number of major events of the Messiah's life and Ministry occurred at, or from, Bethany - including the "triumphal entry" from Bethany to Jerusalem (Luke 19:28-40) and His ascension to heaven after His resurrection (see the Fact Finder question below).

The Messiah often stayed at Bethany overnight when He was preaching and teaching in Jerusalem (see also Why Was The South A Dangerous Place?).

"21:12 And Jesus went into the temple of God, and cast out all them that sold and bought in the temple, and overthrew the tables of the moneychangers, and the seats of them that sold doves ... 21:17 And he left them, and went out of the city into Bethany; and he lodged there." (Matthew 21:12,17 KJV)

Bethany

Bethany was the hometown of Simon the leper - a man who, although still known as "the leper," had obviously been healed because lepers were required to live outside of towns, and the Messiah would not have left a believer "unclean" (see Heal The Sick, Cleanse The Lepers). The Messiah and the Twelve were at Simon's house only a few days before the Crucifixion, when the well-known anointing incident of the Messiah, to which Judas Iscariot complained about the "waste" of precious oil, took place.

"26:1 And it came to pass, when Jesus had finished all these sayings, he said unto his disciples, 26:2 Ye know that after two days is the feast of the passover, and the Son of man is betrayed to be crucified. 26:3 Then assembled together the chief priests, and the scribes, and the elders of the people, unto the palace of the high priest, who was called Caiaphas, 26:4 And consulted that they might take Jesus by subtlety, and kill him. 26:5 But they said, Not on the feast day, lest there be an uproar among the people.

26:6 Now when Jesus was in Bethany, in the house of Simon the leper, 26:7 There came unto him a woman having an alabaster box of very precious ointment, and poured it on his head, as he sat at meat.

26:8 But when his disciples saw it, they had indignation, saying, To what purpose is this waste? 26:9 For this ointment might have been sold for much, and given to the poor.

26:10 When Jesus understood it, he said unto them, Why trouble ye the woman? for she hath wrought a good work upon me. 26:11 For ye have the poor always with you; but me ye have not always. 26:12 For in that she hath poured this ointment on my body, she did it for my burial. 26:13 Verily I say unto you, Wheresoever this gospel shall be preached in the whole world, there shall also this, that this woman hath done, be told for a memorial of her." (Matthew 26:1-13 KJV)

Bethany became most-famous as the hometown of the siblings Martha, Mary and Lazarus. He became close friends with them and often visited their home. It was at Bethany that the famous resurrection of Lazarus also occurred (see Who Else Did They Want To Kill At Passover?).

Bethany

"11:17 Then when Jesus came, he found that he had lain in the grave four days already. 11:18 Now Bethany was nigh unto Jerusalem, about fifteen furlongs off: 11:19 And many of the Jews came to Martha and Mary, to comfort them concerning their brother. 11:20 Then Martha, as soon as she heard that Jesus was coming, went and met him: but Mary sat still in the house.

11:21 Then said Martha unto Jesus, Lord, if thou hadst been here, my brother had not died. 11:22 But I know, that even now, whatsoever thou wilt ask of God, God will give it thee.

11:23 Jesus saith unto her, Thy brother shall rise again.

11:24 Martha saith unto him, I know that he shall rise again in the resurrection at the last day.

11:25 Jesus said unto her, I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live: 11:26 And whosoever liveth and believeth in me shall never die. Believest thou this?

11:27 She saith unto him, Yea, Lord: I believe that thou art the Christ, the Son of God, which should come into the world." (John 11:17-27 KJV)

"11:38 Jesus therefore again groaning in himself cometh to the grave. It was a cave, and a stone lay upon it. 11:39 Jesus said, Take ye away the stone.

Martha, the sister of him that was dead, saith unto him, Lord, by this time he stinketh: for he hath been dead four days.

11:40 Jesus saith unto her, Said I not unto thee, that, if thou wouldest believe, thou shouldest see the glory of God? 11:41 Then they took away the stone from the place where the dead was laid. And Jesus lifted up his eyes, and said, Father, I thank thee that thou hast heard me. 11:42 And I knew that thou hearest me always: but because of the people which stand by I said it, that they may believe that thou hast sent me.

11:43 And when he thus had spoken, he cried with a loud voice, Lazarus, come forth. 11:44 And he that was dead came forth, bound hand and foot with graveclothes: and his face was bound about with a napkin.

Jesus saith unto them, Loose him, and let him go." (John 11:38-44 KJV)

Fact Finder: What happened on the day that the Messiah ascended to heaven from Bethany?
See A Biography Of Jesus Christ: The Ascension To Heaven


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This Day In History, December 5

63 BC: Marcus Tullius Cicero (commonly-known simply as Cicero), consul of Rome, delivered the fourth and final of the Catiline Orations. The Catiline Orations (or Catilinarian Orations) were speeches to reveal to the Roman Senate the plot of Lucius Sergius Catilina and his allies to overthrow the Roman government.

Rome existed as a republic (see The Politics Of Rome and The Roman Emperors: Julius Caesar) before it restored its monarchy to begin its empire (see The Roman Emperors: Augustus and The Roman Emperors: Domitian).

The Holy Scriptures
1349: Jews were massacred in Nuremberg, Germany, in what became known as the Black Death Riots.

1484: Pope Innocent VIII issued a bull (see Papal Bull) condemning the spread of witchcraft and "heresy" in Germany; he ordered that all accused persons were to be executed.

1492: Christopher Columbus "discovered" Haiti (the existing people of the island already knew that it was there; see also Thanksgiving In History and Prophecy).

1496: King Manuel I expelled Jews from Portugal.

1560: King Francis II of France died at age 16 after reigning 1 year.

1594: Flemish geographer Gerardus Mercator died at age 82. The still commonly-used Mercator Projection map is named after him.

Europe
1766: Christie's of London held their first auction.

1791: Austrian composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart died at age 35.

Mozart
1904: Japanese forces devastated the Russian fleet at Port Arthur in Korea (see Why Was Korea Divided Into North And South?).

1916: David Lloyd George became the Prime Minister of Britain.

1921: Britain reached an accord with Sinn Fein to permit Ireland to become an independent country.

1945: In one of the most famous "Bermuda Triangle" disappearances, the "Lost Squadron" (5 U.S. Navy Avenger bombers with a total of 14 crew) took off on a routine training mission from the Naval Air Station at Fort Lauderdale, Florida. While many believe that the lead pilot simply became lost due to disorientation and/or navigational equipment failure (as radio transmissions within the flight overheard by other aircraft in the area indicated) and led the squadron out to sea where they ran out of fuel and were lost, others regard the disappearance as somehow supernatural.

1975: Less than a month after describing Zionism as racism (see A History Of Jerusalem: Zionism), the United Nations General Assembly (see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Balfour Declaration to understand the role of the UN in the establishment of the modern state of Israel) ordered Israel to return all "occupied Arab land" (that the Arab nations lost in battle after they attacked Israel) without qualification (that is, without peace treaties), and to "restore the legitimate rights of the Palestinians." It was one of the most anti-Jewish, hypocritical demands ever made by the United Nations General Assembly, and the Israeli government rightfully refused.

1978: The Soviet Union signed a 20 year "friendship pact" with then-communist Afghanistan. The Soviets invaded Afghanistan a year later, in December 1979, at the "request of the government of Afghanistan" to assist in the fight against the Mujahideen, an allied group of Afghan opposition groups who were being supported and armed by the U.S. and Britain (as well as a number of Muslim nations in the Middle East whose existing pro-western dictatorships were being threatened by the communist dictatorships).

Ironically, when the Russians withdrew from Afghanistan, and the U.S. invaded Afghanistan after the 9-11 terrorist attacks (even though Osama bin Laden was in Pakistan, not Afghanistan - but Pakistan has nuclear weapons to defend itself from invaders; see Who Would Throw A Nuclear Boomerang?), the U.S. ended up fighting the same insurgents that it once armed and supplied in their fight against the Russians. The same people were called "freedom fighters" when they were fighting Russian invaders of their country but "terrorists" when they fought the U.S. invaders of their country.

Afghanistan
1999: Bert Hoffmeister died at age 92. He was the most decorated Canadian solder of the First World War; he also received the Legion of Merit from the U.S., the Order of Orange Nassau from the Netherlands and the Military Order of Italy (see also The Assassination That Triggered Two World Wars).





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