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Tuesday, December 5 2017
"Lazarus, of Bethany, the town of Mary and her sister Martha"
Bethany, from the Hebrew meaning house of dates (named from the date palms that grew there) is located on the southeastern slope of the Mount Of Olives, on the opposite side, but not far from, Jerusalem.
A number of major events of the Messiah's life and Ministry occurred at, or from, Bethany - including the "triumphal entry" from Bethany to Jerusalem (Luke 19:28-40) and His ascension to heaven after His resurrection (see the Fact Finder question below).
The Messiah often stayed at Bethany overnight when He was preaching and teaching in Jerusalem (see also Why Was The South A Dangerous Place?).
"21:12 And Jesus went into the temple of God, and cast out all them that sold and bought in the temple, and overthrew the tables of the moneychangers, and the seats of them that sold doves ... 21:17 And he left them, and went out of the city into Bethany; and he lodged there." (Matthew 21:12,17 KJV)
Bethany was the hometown of Simon the leper - a man who, although still known as "the leper," had obviously been healed because lepers were required to live outside of towns, and the Messiah would not have left a believer "unclean" (see Heal The Sick, Cleanse The Lepers). The Messiah and the Twelve were at Simon's house only a few days before the Crucifixion, when the well-known anointing incident of the Messiah, to which Judas Iscariot complained about the "waste" of precious oil, took place.
"26:1 And it came to pass, when Jesus had finished all these sayings, he said unto his disciples, 26:2 Ye know that after two days is the feast of the passover, and the Son of man is betrayed to be crucified. 26:3 Then assembled together the chief priests, and the scribes, and the elders of the people, unto the palace of the high priest, who was called Caiaphas, 26:4 And consulted that they might take Jesus by subtlety, and kill him. 26:5 But they said, Not on the feast day, lest there be an uproar among the people.
Bethany became most-famous as the hometown of the siblings Martha, Mary and Lazarus. He became close friends with them and often visited their home. It was at Bethany that the famous resurrection of Lazarus also occurred (see Who Else Did They Want To Kill At Passover?).
"11:17 Then when Jesus came, he found that he had lain in the grave four days already. 11:18 Now Bethany was nigh unto Jerusalem, about fifteen furlongs off: 11:19 And many of the Jews came to Martha and Mary, to comfort them concerning their brother. 11:20 Then Martha, as soon as she heard that Jesus was coming, went and met him: but Mary sat still in the house.
Fact Finder: What happened on the day that the Messiah ascended to heaven from Bethany?
This Day In History, December 5
63 BC: Marcus Tullius Cicero (commonly-known simply as Cicero), consul of Rome, delivered the fourth and final of the Catiline Orations. The Catiline Orations (or Catilinarian Orations) were speeches to reveal to the Roman Senate the plot of Lucius Sergius Catilina and his allies to overthrow the Roman government.
Rome existed as a republic (see The Politics Of Rome and The Roman Emperors: Julius Caesar) before it restored its monarchy to begin its empire (see The Roman Emperors: Augustus and The Roman Emperors: Domitian).
1484: Pope Innocent VIII issued a bull (see Papal Bull) condemning the spread of witchcraft and "heresy" in Germany; he ordered that all accused persons were to be executed.
1492: Christopher Columbus "discovered" Haiti (the existing people of the island already knew that it was there; see also Thanksgiving In History and Prophecy).
1496: King Manuel I expelled Jews from Portugal.
1560: King Francis II of France died at age 16 after reigning 1 year.
1594: Flemish geographer Gerardus Mercator died at age 82. The still commonly-used Mercator Projection map is named after him.
1791: Austrian composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart died at age 35.
1916: David Lloyd George became the Prime Minister of Britain.
1921: Britain reached an accord with Sinn Fein to permit Ireland to become an independent country.
1945: In one of the most famous "Bermuda Triangle" disappearances, the "Lost Squadron" (5 U.S. Navy Avenger bombers with a total of 14 crew) took off on a routine training mission from the Naval Air Station at Fort Lauderdale, Florida. While many believe that the lead pilot simply became lost due to disorientation and/or navigational equipment failure (as radio transmissions within the flight overheard by other aircraft in the area indicated) and led the squadron out to sea where they ran out of fuel and were lost, others regard the disappearance as somehow supernatural.
1975: Less than a month after describing Zionism as racism (see A History Of Jerusalem: Zionism), the United Nations General Assembly (see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Balfour Declaration to understand the role of the UN in the establishment of the modern state of Israel) ordered Israel to return all "occupied Arab land" (that the Arab nations lost in battle after they attacked Israel) without qualification (that is, without peace treaties), and to "restore the legitimate rights of the Palestinians." It was one of the most anti-Jewish, hypocritical demands ever made by the United Nations General Assembly, and the Israeli government rightfully refused.
1978: The Soviet Union signed a 20 year "friendship pact" with then-communist Afghanistan. The Soviets invaded Afghanistan a year later, in December 1979, at the "request of the government of Afghanistan" to assist in the fight against the Mujahideen, an allied group of Afghan opposition groups who were being supported and armed by the U.S. and Britain (as well as a number of Muslim nations in the Middle East whose existing pro-western dictatorships were being threatened by the communist dictatorships).
Ironically, when the Russians withdrew from Afghanistan, and the U.S. invaded Afghanistan after the 9-11 terrorist attacks (even though Osama bin Laden was in Pakistan, not Afghanistan - but Pakistan has nuclear weapons to defend itself from invaders; see Who Would Throw A Nuclear Boomerang?), the U.S. ended up fighting the same insurgents that it once armed and supplied in their fight against the Russians. The same people were called "freedom fighters" when they were fighting Russian invaders of their country but "terrorists" when they fought the U.S. invaders of their country.