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Thursday, December 14 2017

Hometowns: Alexandria

"And a certain Jew named Apollos, born at Alexandria, an eloquent man, and mighty in the Scriptures"

Alexandria was the capital city of Egypt from about 330 BC. It was named after the Greek king Alexander the Great (see the Fact Finder question below).

Alexandria became one of the greatest of ancient cities, at least partly due to its placement in chronological history - Assyria and Babylon had fallen (see The Empires Of Bible History And Prophecy) and Rome was yet to rise (see The Roman Emperors: Julius Caesar and The Roman Emperors: Augustus). Alexandria became a center of power of the Ptolemies (see A Biography Of Jesus Christ: The Years In Cleopatra's Egypt).

Alexandria

Located on the Mediterranean Sea, on the western side of the Nile Delta, Alexandria was built to serve as the major Egyptian seaport. Its great lighthouse, which was equivalent in height to a 40 story building, reportedly could seen for about 57 kilometers / 35 miles out to sea. It was declared among the so-called "seven wonders" of the ancient world.

Alexandria became a great center of ancient knowledge and learning. The famous Alexandrian Library had perhaps 700,000 scrolls - history and science - which were senselessly destroyed when the city was burned by Arab forces in 642 AD.

Alexandria is not mentioned in the Old Testament, since it did not exist, by name, during that time (i.e. Alexander lived in the few centuries between the end of the Old Testament record and the beginning of the New Testament record). It did however become the home of many thousands of Jews, and later, Christians. Alexandria is mentioned in the New Testament:

Alexandria Apollos was a native of Alexandria (see The Way To Corinth).

"18:24 And a certain Jew named Apollos, born at Alexandria, an eloquent man, and mighty in the scriptures, came to Ephesus.

18:25 This man was instructed in the way of the Lord; and being fervent in the spirit, he spake and taught diligently the things of the Lord, knowing only the baptism of John. 18:26 And he began to speak boldly in the synagogue: whom when Aquila and Priscilla had heard, they took him unto them, and expounded unto him the way of God more perfectly." (Acts 18:24-26 KJV)

Apollos later became a very prominent teacher of the true Gospel, on a level equal to the apostles themselves - to which the apostle Paul warned all of them not to take it too far (see Where Is The Christian Temple Of God Today?).

"3:1 And I, brethren, could not speak unto you as unto spiritual, but as unto carnal, even as unto babes in Christ. 3:2 I have fed you with milk, and not with meat: for hitherto ye were not able to bear it, neither yet now are ye able. 3:3 For ye are yet carnal: for whereas there is among you envying, and strife, and divisions, are ye not carnal, and walk as men? 3:4 For while one saith, I am of Paul; and another, I am of Apollos; are ye not carnal?

3:5 Who then is Paul, and who is Apollos, but ministers by whom ye believed, even as the Lord gave to every man? 3:6 I have planted, Apollos watered; but God gave the increase. 3:7 So then neither is he that planteth any thing, neither he that watereth; but God that giveth the increase. 3:8 Now he that planteth and he that watereth are one: and every man shall receive his own reward according to his own labour. 3:9 For we are labourers together with God: ye are God's husbandry, ye are God's building." (1 Corinthians 3:1-9 KJV)

s It was on a ship of Alexandria that the apostle Paul experienced his famous shipwreck (see also Paul's Cyclone)

"27:5 And when we had sailed over the sea of Cilicia and Pamphylia, we came to Myra, a city of Lycia. 27:6 And there the centurion found a ship of Alexandria sailing into Italy; and he put us therein.

27:7 And when we had sailed slowly many days, and scarce were come over against Cnidus, the wind not suffering us, we sailed under Crete, over against Salmone; 27:8 And, hardly passing it, came unto a place which is called The fair havens; nigh whereunto was the city of Lasea.

27:9 Now when much time was spent, and when sailing was now dangerous, because the fast was now already past, Paul admonished them, 27:10 And said unto them, Sirs, I perceive that this voyage will be with hurt and much damage, not only of the lading and ship, but also of our lives." (Acts 27:7-10 KJV)

Fact Finder: Alexandria was named after Alexander the Great. Who was Alexander the Great?
See Daniel 8: The Ram And He Goat Of Persia And Greece


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This Day In History, December 14

557: Constantinople was severely damaged by an earthquake. The city was named after the Roman Emperor Constantine (see Emperor Constantine's Sun Dogs and Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy).

704: Aldfrith, king of Northumbria 685-704, died.

Britain

1287: A Zuider Zee (i.e. sea in Dutch) seawall failure in the Netherlands caused the drowning of over 50,000 people.

1542: Princess Mary Stuart became Mary, Queen of Scots.

1782: In France, the Montgolfier brothers' balloon made its first test flight (see also Who Was The First To Fly?).

Montgolfier Brothers

1812: The French invasion of Russia ended with the remnants of Napoleon's Grande Armee retreating from Russia (see also Russia Or Europe - Who Has Been The Invader?).

Napoleon Bonaparte

1822: The Congress of Verona, a last meeting of the powers of the Holy Alliance and Britain, ended with Britain preventing a possible intervention in revolutionary Spain.

1860: George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen, died at age 76. The British statesman and Prime Minister (1852-1855) led a government that involved Britain in the Crimean War against Russia. His government settled disputes over boundaries between Canada the U.S. by the Webster-Ashburton Treaty of 1842.

1861: Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha died of typhoid at age 42. The German-born husband and first cousin of Queen Victoria (Albert and Victoria were the nephew and niece of King Leopold of Belgium, who promoted their marriage) was the father of King Edward VII. Throughout her almost 40 years of widowhood, Queen Victoria decided important questions on the basis of what she thought "Albert would have done."

Queen Victoria and Prince Albert

1900: Max Planck presented his quantum theory at the Physics Society in Berlin (see also Einstein's Holy Spirit Formula).

1911: Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen and three others became the first known humans to reach the South Pole.

1920: The first fatalities on a scheduled passenger flight occurred when an aircraft crashed into a house, killing the two-person crew and two passengers at Cricklewood, London.

1927: Britain signed a treaty allowing for Iraqi independence. After the fall of the Ottoman Empire at the end of the First World War, numerous Middle East nations, including Israel, regained their independence by means of the British Mandate (see A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate).

Ottoman Empire

1946: Primarily because Europe was still then in ruins at the end of the Second World War (1939-1945; see also The Assassination That Triggered Two World Wars, the United Nations voted to move its headquarters to New York.

1977: Representatives from Israel and Egypt met in Cairo for the first peace conference between the two nations.

1981: Israel annexed the Golan Heights. It had been captured from Syria during the 1967 War.

2004: Cuba and Venezuela founded the Bolivarian Alliance for the Americas.

America

2012: 20 children and 6 school staff were murdered in a mass shooting at the Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Connecticut.





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