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Tuesday, January 2 2018

The Greek Empire: Alexander Of Macedonia

"I am not afraid of an army of lions led by a sheep; I am afraid of an army of sheep led by a lion"
Alexander Of Macedonia after he became "Alexander the Great"

Ancient Macedonia was a geographic and political territory in what is today northern Greece. It was named after the "Macedonians" (in Greek pronounced mak-e-dones), a major tribe of the Greek family of peoples. Their language was a dialect of Greek.

Macedonia

At first, Macedonia was regarded as a remote and subservient northern region of the Greeks. The southern areas with the "leading" cities such as Athens were where the power and influence were centered.

That changed however with the reign of Argead dynasty (named from an ancient ruling family of the city of Argos) King Philip II (359-336 BC) who, by means of direct conquest (e.g. the Battle of Chaeronea in 338 BC) and diplomatic skill became the ruler of southern Greece as well.

As happened with the Babylonians (see The Medes And Chaldees Prophecies) and Persians (see The Prophecies Of Cyrus of Persia) before them and the Romans (see The Roman Emperors: Julius Caesar) after them, the imperialism of Greece began from within when one tribe became dominant over all of the others.

Philip was succeeded by his son Alexander who became known to history as "Alexander the Great." Following his father's example, Alexander extended his kingdom far beyond its natural borders - but unlike his father, who sought to rule all of Greece (i.e. Philip sought to rule all Greeks), Alexander sought to rule all of the world (i.e. Alexander sought to rule all humans). In doing so, he became a major prophetic and historic figure of the Holy Bible. We will cover that in the next study of this series.

Some historic quotes of Alexander the Great:

"I am not afraid of an army of lions led by a sheep; I am afraid of an army of sheep led by a lion."

"Heaven cannot brook two suns, nor earth two masters."

"There is nothing impossible to him who will try."

"Remember upon the conduct of each depends the fate of all."

"How should a man be capable of grooming his own horse, or of furbishing his own spear and helmet, if he allows himself to become unaccustomed to tending even his own person, which is his most treasured belonging?"

"How happy had it been for me had I been slain in the battle. It had been far more noble to have died the victim of the enemy than fall a sacrifice to the rage of my friends."

The Greek Empire of Alexander The Great

Fact Finder: How were the major empires of world history directly involved in Bible history and prophecy?
See The Empires Of Bible History And Prophecy


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This Day In History, January 2

69: The Roman Legions of the Lower Rhine army proclaimed its commander, Vitellius, as the 8th Roman emperor (see The Roman Emperors: Vitellius and The Politics Of Rome).

Vitellius

366: A large force of Alamanni (an alliance of ancient tribes of Germanic people) crossed the frozen Rhine River and invaded the Roman Empire. The Germanic nations eventually not only defeated the Roman Empire, but became "Rome" in the prophecy of the Middle Ages and yet-future (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).

Germanic Europe
533: Mercurius became Pope John II; he was the first pope to adopt an alias for a papal reign.

757: Aethelbald, king of the Mercians from 716, died. By 736 he was signing himself as "king of Britain."

Britain
1492: Spain recaptured the southern city of Granada from the Moors (an Arab and Berber people from North Africa who converted to Islam and conquered Spain in the 8th century), consolidating the monarchy under Ferdinand of Aragon. The same year, King Ferdinand and his wife Queen Isabella ordered the expulsion of all Jews from Spain, while sending Christopher Columbus, an explorer in their employ, off on his first voyage to the "new world" (Columbus actually only discovered the islands of the Caribbean Sea during his four voyages; see the map at Thanksgiving In History and Prophecy).

Ferdinand and Isabella were also responsible for the horrendous "Spanish Inquisition" in which many people all across Europe were tortured and killed for not allowing themselves to be subjected to the Church of Rome. "Waterboarding" was used to torture non-Catholics into "repentance."

Christopher Columbus
1602: The Spanish force in Ireland surrendered to the English at Kinsdale.

1757: Clive of India recaptured Calcutta after it had been seized by the Nawab of Bengal who used the infamous "Black Hole of Calcutta" to imprison British captives.

1839: Pioneering photographer Louis Daguerre of France took the first photograph of the moon.

1892: Sir George Airy died at age 91. The British scientist was the seventh Astronomer Royal. He reorganized the Royal Greenwich Observatory, installing new apparatus and rescued thousands of observations from loss. The Airy Disk, the central spot of light in the diffraction pattern of a point light source, is named after him (see also What Can You See In The Firmament Of The Heavens? and What Are The Hunter and The Seven Sisters Doing In Heaven?).

The Royal Observatory Greenwich

1905: During the Russian-Japanese War, the Russians surrendered to the Japanese after the Battle of Port Arthur.

1936: In Berlin, Nazi officials claimed that their treatment of Jews was not any of the League of Nations business (see The Terrorist Attack That Enabled Hitler To Become A Dictator; also Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion and Is Iniquity Liberal Or Conservative?).

1937: Britain and Italy signed the Mediterranean Peace Pact. They were at war less than 2 years later.

1942: During the Second World War (1939-1945; see also The Assassination That Triggered Two World Wars), in the Philippines, Japanese forces captured the capital Manila, along with the nearby air base.

1944: The first use of helicopters in actual combat, by the British Atlantic patrol.

1959: Although almost totally ignored by U.S. historians and news media (leaving many of the U.S. population with a very inward-looking, limited awareness of the genuine accomplishments of other people), the first lunar space mission was begun by the Soviet Union with its launch of the unmanned Luna I. It passed within 4,600 miles of the moon before moving on to a solar orbit.

The U.S. often sought to overshadow important dates of Russia's pioneer space accomplishments by choosing specific "cover up" dates whenever possible - there are too many for it to have been mere coincidence. Examples: the first U.S. space shuttle launch was deliberately chosen to be on the same date as Russia's putting Yuri Gagarin, the first man in space, 20 years earlier and Sally Ride was made the first U.S. woman in space on June 18, 1983 - exactly 20 years to the day after the Russian cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova became the first woman in space on June 16-19 1963.

Cosmonauts

1971: A team of Israeli scholars announced the discovery in Jerusalem of a 2,000 year-old skeleton of a crucified male. Found in a cave-tomb, it was the first direct physical evidence of the Roman method of execution (see The Crucifixion Of The Messiah and A Biography Of Jesus Christ: Why Was The Messiah Crucified, Not Stoned?).

1988: The Canada-U.S. Free Trade agreement was signed by President Ronald Reagan and Prime Minister Brian Mulroney.

1995: The most distant galaxy discovered to that time was found by scientists using the Keck telescope in Hawaii. It was estimated to be 15 billion light years away i.e. the light image seen in the telescope was 15 billion years old (see Your Very Own Time Machine; also Parabolic Prophecies).

2007: Teddy Kollek died at age 95. He was the mayor of Jerusalem 1965-1993.





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