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Friday, January 12 2018
Children Of King David: Chileab
"And his second, Chileab, of Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite"
Abigail, the widow of Nabal, became a wife of David during the civil war (see Biblical Eras: The First Kings and The Civil War) when David and his army held Hebron, in southern Judea (see also Caleb's Hebron and Hometowns: Hebron), as their military capital (see The Meeting Of David And Abigail). Abigail became the mother of David's second-born son Chileab. The English-language name is from the actual Hebrew name, pronounced keel-awb, which meant held by his father.
"3:2 And unto David were sons born in Hebron: and his firstborn was Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess; 3:3 And his second, Chileab, of Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite; and the third, Absalom the son of Maacah the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur; 3:4 And the fourth, Adonijah the son of Haggith; and the fifth, Shephatiah the son of Abital; 3:5 And the sixth, Ithream, by Eglah David's wife. These were born to David in Hebron." (2 Samuel 3:2-5 KJV)
There are a number of curiosities about Chileab. One of them is that, while he is first recorded as "Chileab" in 2 Samuel 3:3 (shown above), he is later recorded as "Daniel" in 1 Chronicles 3:1 (shown below). "Daniel" is the English-language rendering of the Hebrew name pronounced daw-nee-ale - which sounds very similar to the Hebrew pronunciation of David i.e. daw-veed. Is that merely a coincidence?
Notice also that David had many more sons after he moved to Jerusalem (see also Biblical Eras: The City Of David - When Jerusalem Became An Israelite City), but Chileab / Daniel held his place as the second-born son of David.
"3:1 Now these were the sons of David, which were born unto him in Hebron; the firstborn Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess; the second Daniel, of Abigail the Carmelitess: 3:2 The third, Absalom the son of Maachah the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur: the fourth, Adonijah the son of Haggith: 3:3 The fifth, Shephatiah of Abital: the sixth, Ithream by Eglah his wife. 3:4 These six were born unto him in Hebron; and there he reigned seven years and six months: and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty and three years.
Another curiosity about Chileab is that while he is documented as the second-born son of David, nothing more is recorded about him other than the two verses shown. Chileab would presumably have been more prominent after the deaths of the firstborn Amnon, third-born Absalom and fourth-born Adonijah. But instead, later sons of David, other than Chileab, stood as the royal heir to their father.
The most logical answer is that Chileab died as a child, or as a young man before he could distinguish himself. Considering how every other of David's sons ended up in their striving for power, "unknown" Chileab, regardless of what happened to him, may have been one of the lucky ones.
Fact Finder: Which of David's sons became the royal ancestor of the Messiah?
This Day In History, January 12
475: Basiliscus became the Byzantine (East Roman) Emperor during a coronation ceremony in the Hebdomon palace in Constantinople (the city was named after the Roman Emperor Constantine, the inventor of the Roman Catholic Church; see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy and Emperor Constantine's Sun Dogs).
1519: Maximilian I, King of Germany and Holy Roman Emperor, died. The actual official title of the "Holy Roman Empire" was Sacrum Romanum Imperium Nationis Germanica - "the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation" (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).
1539: The Treaty of Toledo was signed by King Francis I of France and Holy Roman Emperor Charles V.
1598: Pope Clement VIII seized the duchy of Ferrara on the death of Alfonso (see The Struggle For The Papacy).
1806: The French evacuated from Vienna.
1816: France decreed that the Bonaparte family should be excluded from the country forever (see also Russia Or Europe - Who Has Been The Invader?).
1820: Britain's Royal Astronomical Society was founded (see also What Can You See In The Firmament Of The Heavens?).
1848: The revolution against Ferdinand II, king of the Two Sicilies, began.
1879: The Zulu War began between the British of the Cape Colony and the natives of Zululand.
1897: Isaac Pitman died at age 84. The English educator was the inventor of the "Pitman Shorthand" system that was named after him.
1908: A wireless message was sent long-distance for the first time, from the recently-built Eiffel Tower in Paris.
1920: 29,000 Jews (see also Jews - Three Tribes and Three Meanings) were reported killed in the 1919 Ukraine pogroms.
1928: Ruth Snyder, the first woman to die in the electric chair, was executed in New York.
1938: Austria recognized the Franco government in Spain (see also Is Iniquity Liberal Or Conservative?).
1950: A Swedish tanker struck the British submarine Truculent during the submarine's trials in the Thames River. Only 15 of the 70 men on the submarine survived.
1967: James Bedford, 73, became the first human deliberately frozen with the hope of restoring him to life at some point in the future (it will happen, but the freezing was completely unnecessary - see What Does The Bible Really Say About Your Soul?).
1967: The Roman Catholic and Anglican Churches announced the "first step toward restoring full unity" after the separation 400 years before in the time of King Henry VIII.
1970: Biafra surrendered, thereby ending the Nigerian civil war.
1977: Anti-French demonstrations took place in Israel after France released Abu Daoud, who was responsible for leading the 1972 Munich massacre of Israeli athletes.
1990: Romania banned the Communist Party, the first former Warsaw Pact member to do so.
2004: The world's largest ocean liner, RMS Queen Mary 2, made its maiden voyage.
2010: An earthquake in Haiti killed over 300,000 people and destroyed the capital city of Port-au-Prince.