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Monday, January 29 2018

Succoth Before The Sea

"When Pharaoh had let the people go, God led them not through the way of the land of the Philistines, although that was near; for God said, Lest peradventure the people repent when they see war, and they return to Egypt: But God led the people about, through the way of the wilderness of the Red sea: and the children of Israel went up harnessed out of the land of Egypt ... The children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth"

Succoth, from the Hebrew word pronounced sook-kawth, meaning booths, or huts, was the first campsite of the Israelites as their Exodus began. Succoth was located east of Rameses and west of the sea that the Israelites miraculously crossed as they left Egypt.

"12:37 And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand on foot that were men, beside children.

12:38 And a mixed multitude went up also with them; and flocks, and herds, even very much cattle." (Exodus 12:37-38 KJV)

Sinai

The Pharaoh of that time had been repeatedly warned and subjected to escalating plagues, but he refused the LORD's command to release the Israelites (see Bricks Without Straw and Who Created Jehovah? and The Waters Turned To Blood and Let My People Go and The Plagues Upon Crops And Livestock and Locusts and Darkness). With the death of the firstborn (see the Fact Finder question below), the Pharaoh surrendered - long enough to let the people go. He later pursued them with his army, with a further disaster brought upon himself.

"12:31 And he called for Moses and Aaron by night, and said, Rise up, and get you forth from among my people, both ye and the children of Israel; and go, serve the LORD, as ye have said. 12:32 Also take your flocks and your herds, as ye have said, and be gone; and bless me also." (Exodus 12:31-32 KJV)

The people who held the Israelites as slaves for a generation (see Biblical Eras: 400 Years Of Israel's Prosperity In Egypt) were by then also eager to let the people go - along with "jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and raiment" that provided payment for years of slave labor that the Israelites had provided to them (see also What Did They Do In The Sinai With Their Egyptian Gold?).

"12:33 And the Egyptians were urgent upon the people, that they might send them out of the land in haste; for they said, We be all dead men.

12:34 And the people took their dough before it was leavened, their kneadingtroughs being bound up in their clothes upon their shoulders.

12:35 And the children of Israel did according to the word of Moses; and they borrowed of the Egyptians jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and raiment: 12:36 And the LORD gave the people favour in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they lent unto them such things as they required. And they spoiled the Egyptians." (Exodus 12:33-36 KJV)

Egypt

The Israelites had entered Egypt as a family of about seventy people (see The First Census Of Israel). Over four hundred years, they had grown into a nation of six hundred thousand military-age men, plus older men, women and children. The time that they left Egypt also fulfilled the prophecy that the LORD gave to Abraham, not only before the Israelites went to Egypt, but before any Israelites even existed (see The Exodus Prophecy).

"12:37 And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand on foot that were men, beside children.

12:38 And a mixed multitude went up also with them; and flocks, and herds, even very much cattle.

12:39 And they baked unleavened cakes of the dough which they brought forth out of Egypt, for it was not leavened; because they were thrust out of Egypt, and could not tarry, neither had they prepared for themselves any victual.

12:40 Now the sojourning of the children of Israel, who dwelt in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years.

12:41 And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years, even the selfsame day it came to pass, that all the hosts of the LORD went out from the land of Egypt.

12:42 It is a night to be much observed unto the LORD for bringing them out from the land of Egypt: this is that night of the LORD to be observed of all the children of Israel in their generations." (Exodus 12:37-42 KJV)

The route of the Exodus was a deliberate and purposeful choice by the LORD. It also plainly proves that Mount Sinai is in the Sinai Peninsula (see Paul's Geography Lesson).

"13:17 And it came to pass, when Pharaoh had let the people go, that God led them not through the way of the land of the Philistines, although that was near; for God said, Lest peradventure the people repent when they see war, and they return to Egypt: 13:18 But God led the people about, through the way of the wilderness of the Red sea: and the children of Israel went up harnessed out of the land of Egypt.

13:19 And Moses took the bones of Joseph with him: for he had straitly sworn the children of Israel, saying, God will surely visit you; and ye shall carry up my bones away hence with you.

13:20 And they took their journey from Succoth, and encamped in Etham, in the edge of the wilderness. 13:21 And the LORD went before them by day in a pillar of a cloud, to lead them the way; and by night in a pillar of fire, to give them light; to go by day and night: 13:22 He took not away the pillar of the cloud by day, nor the pillar of fire by night, from before the people." (Exodus 13:17-22 KJV)

Fact Finder: What was unusual about the Pharaoh at the time of the Exodus?
See Was The Exodus Pharaoh A Firstborn?


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This Day In History, January 29

661: The Rashidun Caliphate ended with the death of Hasan ibn Ali. The territory extended across the Middle East and North Africa, from Afghanistan to Libya, and into the borders of Europe in Turkey (see also A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad).

904: Pope Sergius III returned from retirement to resume the Papacy from Antipope Christopher (see The Struggle For The Papacy).

1613: Italian scientist Galileo Galilei observed the planet, later to be called "Neptune" (many scientists who reject "religion" nevertheless hypocritically name many discoveries and space exploration programs of the heavens after pagan "gods") without realizing that it was an "undiscovered" planet. A German, Johann Galle, is credited with the planet's discovery in 1846, over 2 centuries after Galileo (see also What Can You See In The Firmament Of The Heavens?).

Galileo Galiei

1635: The Academie Francaise was founded. It became one of the most famous European literary societies.

1676: Feodor III became Tsar of Russia.

1730: Peter II, Czar of Russia (czar is the Russian form of Caesar, as is the German Kaiser), died of smallpox on the day set for his wedding.

1820: King George III of England died at age 81. It was during his reign (1760-1820) that the revolution of the New England colonies, that were created by English investment and pioneers out of the uninhabited and undeveloped wilderness over the previous two centuries, occurred. Not all of the people of New England were revolutionaries. Those who did not participate in the insurrection, about half of the New England population (most born in New England), thereafter known as Loyalists, immigrated to England or Canada. Most of the Loyalists were successful non-violent businessmen, conservative working men and tradesmen, educators, or members of local Militias who did not desert or mutiny at the start of the rebellion.

King George III

When the U.S. invaded Canada a few years later, in the War of 1812 (1812-1814), United Empire Loyalists and their adult children and grandchildren served among the British Army and Canadian militias that successfully defended Canada from more U.S. aggression and annexation ("The formal act of acquiring territory by conquest or occupation" - the publicly-stated goal of U.S. President James Madison when he started the war).

United Empire Loyalists

A plaque in Hamilton, Ontario (as well as many others across Canada) commemorates the United Empire Loyalists:

"This monument is dedicated to the lasting memory of

THE UNITED EMPIRE LOYALISTS

Who, after the Declaration of Independence, came into British North America from the seceded American colonies and who, with faith and fortitude, and under great pioneering difficulties, largely laid the foundations of this Canadian nation as an integral part of the British Empire.

Neither confiscation of their property, the pitiless persecution of them by their kinsmen in revolt, nor the galling chains of imprisonment could break their spirits, or divorce them from a loyalty almost without parallel.

No country ever had such founders --

No country in the world --

No, not since the days of Abraham."

1829: Montreal's McGill University was established.

1856: Britain's highest military honor, the Victoria Cross, named after Queen Victoria, was established.

1886: In Germany, Karl Benz received a patent for the first gasoline-powered automobile.

Karl Benz

1891: Liliuokalani was proclaimed Queen of the Kingdom of Hawaii.

1916: During the First World War (1914-1918; see also The Assassination That Triggered Two World Wars), German Zeppelins began bombing Paris (see also Who Was The First To Fly?).

1916: Military tanks entered battle for first time, by the British, during the First World War.

1922: The political union of Guatemala, Costa Rica, El Salvador and Honduras ended.

1968: The ice cap of Antarctic was penetrated for the first time. Rock was encountered at a depth of about 2 kilometers.

1991: Iraqi forces attacked the Saudi Arabian town of Kafji.

1996: Venice's opera house, fatefully named La Fenice or "The Phoenix," was destroyed by fire.





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