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Wednesday, January 31 2018
The Messiah's Tribe
"And Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, into Judaea, unto the city of David, which is called Bethlehem; because he was of the house and lineage of David: To be taxed with Mary his espoused wife, being great with child. And so it was, that, while they were there, the days were accomplished that she should be delivered. And she brought forth her firstborn son"
The English-language word "tribe" originated from an ancient Latin word, tribus, that meant three bodies. The Latin word was used to refer to the three main family groups of the most-ancient Romans (see also The Founding Of Rome: The Curious Tale Of Romulus and Remus).
"Tribe" later came to be used generally for major parts of a people in a "nation" - which itself literally means place of birth i.e. nativity and native are forms of nation. So too, the word "king" originally referred to the father of a kin of people - "patriotism" (from patra, the Latin word for father) literally means loyal to the father (it's also the reason that God is The Father and why the Kingdom of God is called the Kingdom of God; see Why Is God A King, Not A President? and God's Handywork: Was The Son Of God Created?).
"Tribe" is used to translate the Hebrew word, pronounced mat-maw, which literally means branch, but was used for the primary ancestral divisions of a large family. The Messiah was referred to as "the branch" for that "family tree" reason and purpose.
One of the most famous prophecies of the Holy Bible ("The wolf also shall dwell with the lamb, and the leopard shall lie down with the kid; and the calf and the young lion and the fatling together; and a little child shall lead them") uses the term Branch for the Messiah.
11:1 And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of his roots: 11:2 And the spirit of the LORD shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the LORD; 11:3 And shall make him of quick understanding in the fear of the LORD: and he shall not judge after the sight of his eyes, neither reprove after the hearing of his ears:
Jacob / Israel knew that the Messiah would be born from the tribe of Judah. It is one of the earliest Messianic prophecies that identified the tribe of Judah by name (Abraham knew it too, but his grandson Judah wasn't born yet in the lifetime of Abraham; see The First Jews).
"49:8 Judah , thou art he whom thy brethren shall praise: thy hand shall be in the neck of thine enemies; thy father's children shall bow down before thee. 49:9 Judah is a lion's whelp: from the prey, my son, thou art gone up: he stooped down, he couched as a lion, and as an old lion; who shall rouse him up? 49:10 The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him shall the gathering of the people be. 49:11 Binding his foal unto the vine, and his ass's colt unto the choice vine; he washed his garments in wine, and his clothes in the blood of grapes: 49:12 His eyes shall be red with wine, and his teeth white with milk." (Genesis 49:8-12 KJV)
"2:1 And it came to pass in those days, that there went out a decree from Caesar Augustus, that all the world should be taxed. 2:2 (And this taxing was first made when Cyrenius was governor of Syria.)
Fact Finder: How was "Israel," and then the tribe of Judah within it, created as the means by which "the Righteous Branch" would grow and bear fruit?
This Day In History, January 31
876: German Emperor Charles ("Charles the Bald") became king of Italy (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).
1504: France ceded the Italian city Naples to the Spanish kingdom of Aragon.
1606: Guy Fawkes was executed for his involvement in the "Gunpowder Plot" - an attempt by English Roman Catholics to blow up the British Houses of Parliament and assassinate King James I (for whom the King James Bible was named). As a well-deserved end for any treasonous rebel (see The Spirit Of Traitors and The Treason Of Judas), Fawkes was hanged, drawn, and quartered.
1788: Charles Edward Stuart (popularly known as "Bonnie Prince Charlie" and the "Young Pretender") died in Rome at age 67. He was the leader of the Jacobite rebellion against the English (1745-46).
1915: During the First World War (1914-1918; see also The Assassination That Triggered Two World Wars), Germany used poison gas on the Russians at Bolimov (see Russia Or Europe - Who Has Been The Invader?). On the same day in 1917, Germany announced that it was beginning a policy of unrestricted submarine warfare in the Atlantic Ocean.
1918: In the Soviet Union, January 31 under the Julian calendar system was the last day of its use (the Julian calendar was named after Julius Caesar; see also A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars). The next day was designated February 14 under the Gregorian calendar - the dates in between were simply skipped (see Pope Gregory's Calendar and The Antichrist Calendar).
1929: Russian revolutionary Leon Trotsky was expelled from the Soviet Union after losing a struggle for leadership of the country with Joseph Stalin (see also When Do Liberals Become Conservatives? and Why Are Politicians Called Left Or Right?).
1930: Britain, the U.S., France, Italy and Japan began the London Naval Conference. The purpose was to halt the arms race and prevent war. The Second World War followed only nine years later.
1943: During the Second World War (1939-1945), the Battle of Stalingrad ended with the Russians victorious over Hitler's invasion army (again, see Russia Or Europe - Who Has Been The Invader?).
1950: U.S. President Harry Truman (the only man to ever order the use "weapons of mass destruction" without fear of nuclear retaliation; see Who Would Throw A Nuclear Boomerang?) announced that he had ordered the development of hydrogen bombs that would greatly surpass the destructive power of the U.S. atomic bombs that he used to incinerate the civilian populations of the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945. Russia responded to Truman's increase of military power with the development of their own "H Bomb," beginning the nuclear arms race.
1953: 2,000 people were drowned when hurricane-force winds flooded the Netherlands.
1958: James van Allen discovered the solar system's radiation belt that is now named after him - the Van Allen Belts.
1968: During the Tet offensive of the Vietnam War (which was actually a civil war between the Vietnamese people whose single country had been partitioned in 1954, by the French at the end of the First Indochina War, into North and South Vietnam), a captured Vietcong soldier was summarily shot in the head on a Saigon street by the chief of South Vietnam's police, General Nguyen Ngoc Loan. The execution caused international outrage after it was seen around the world in newspapers and TV news.
1976: Ernesto Miranda, famous from the U.S. Supreme Court ruling "Miranda Rights" reading to an accused person ("You have the right to remain silent etc."), was stabbed to death in Arizona.
1996: Comet Hyakutake was discovered by Japanese amateur astronomer Yuji Hyakutake.