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Wednesday, February 7 2018
The Land Of Israel: Samaria
"And he bought the hill Samaria of Shemer for two talents of silver, and built on the hill, and called the name of the city which he built, after the name of Shemer, owner of the hill, Samaria"
The modern-day satellite photograph below shows the locations of the territorial sections of the land of Israel as they were when the Israelites took possession, as declared by the LORD to Abraham centuries before (see Biblical Eras: The Lands Promised To Abraham), in the time of Joshua (see Joshua's Commission).
Judea is located in the south. Samaria is in the central area. Galilee is in the north. Also at that time were the tribal territories east of the Jordan River.
"Samaria" was the name used for a hill, upon which a city was built, from which the surrounding region took its name. "Samaria" itself originated as a term of ownership for a man named Shemer i.e. Shemer's property was called "Shemaria" - which was also pronounced as "Samaria." That happened in the time of King Omri of Israel after the United Kingdom of Israel split into two independent kingdoms, "Israel" and "Judah" (see the Fact Finder question below).
"16:23 In the thirty and first year of Asa king of Judah began Omri to reign over Israel, twelve years: six years reigned he in Tirzah. 16:24 And he bought the hill Samaria of Shemer for two talents of silver, and built on the hill, and called the name of the city which he built, after the name of Shemer, owner of the hill, Samaria.
Samaria, along with Galilee to the north and the eastern tribal lands, composed the area of the "lost ten tribes" who were taken away into exile in Assyria because of their idolatry and corruption (they resembled, in that ancient time, many of the western democracies of today where idolatry, liars and gutter-level sexual perversion are running amok; see The Lost Ten Tribes Would Love Today's "Free" World). After they took the Israelites away, they brought in people from Babylon (ironically, Abraham himself was a native of Babylon) to work the land.
Those non-Israelites eventually became known as the "Samaritans" - a people who often behaved with more righteousness before the LORD than the people of Judah who viewed the "foreigners" with contempt (see also Xenophobia: Fear Of The Bogeyman). Two examples of that are the woman who recognized the Messiah (see The Messiah And The Samaritan Woman) and the "good Samaritan" (see Who Was The Good Samaritan?).
"17:24 And the king of Assyria brought men from Babylon, and from Cuthah, and from Ava, and from Hamath, and from Sepharvaim, and placed them in the cities of Samaria instead of the children of Israel: and they possessed Samaria, and dwelt in the cities thereof. 17:25 And so it was at the beginning of their dwelling there, that they feared not the LORD: therefore the LORD sent lions among them, which slew some of them. 17:26 Wherefore they spake to the king of Assyria, saying, The nations which thou hast removed, and placed in the cities of Samaria, know not the manner of the God of the land: therefore he hath sent lions among them, and, behold, they slay them, because they know not the manner of the God of the land.
Fact Finder: What was very different about the (northern) Kingdom of Israel from the (southern) Kingdom of Judah?
This Day In History, February 7
457: Leo I became the emperor of the Byzantine Empire (the East Roman Empire). The Byzantine Empire was the Greek-speaking extension of the Roman Empire during the eras of Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages. It faded away as the power of the German Empire grew (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).
1301: King Edward I of England revived the title of Prince of Wales and bestowed it on Edward of Caernarvon, who later became Edward II.
1550: Giovanni Maria del Monte was elected Pope Julius III (see also The Struggle For The Papacy).
1668: The Netherlands, England and Sweden signed a pact against Louis XIV of France.
1783: The Spanish and French Siege of Gibraltar was lifted after 4 years.
1792: Austria and Prussia (an area of Germany, not to be confused with Russia) formed an alliance against France (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).
1807: The Battle of Eylau. Napoleon fought a fierce but indecisive battle against Russian and Prussian forces.
1867: The British North America Act, to create the Dominion of Canada, was introduced in the House of Lords by the Earl of Carnarvon.
1878: Pope Pius IX died. His nearly 32 year pontificate was the longest in the history of the Roman Catholic church. He was the inventor of the anti-Biblical dogma of the "Immaculate Conception" in 1854 (see What Does The Bible Really Say About Mary? and Why Call Me, Lord, Lord, and Do Not The Things Which I Say?).
1904: The biggest fire in the U.S. since the great Chicago Fire of 1871 broke out in Baltimore. It destroyed over 2,500 buildings.
1913: The Ottomans (a centuries-long ruling dynasty in Turkey; listen to our Sermon The Ottoman Empire and see the study Israel In History and Prophecy: Balfour Declaration) lost 5,000 men in a battle with the Bulgarian army in Gallipoli.
1926: Average wage for common labour in U.S.: 54 cents per hour.
1935: The game Monopoly was invented.
1944: During the Second World War (1939-1945), German forces in Anzio, Italy launched a counteroffensive during the allied forces "Operation Shingle" (see also Anzio).
1962: As a face-saving gesture after the failed CIA-backed "Bay of Pigs" invasion (April 17 1961), the U.S. banned all Cuban imports and exports.
1976: Darryl Sittler of the Toronto Maple Leafs set a National Hockey League record by scoring 10 points in a single game.
1986: It rained sardines in Ipswich, Australia. Scientists speculated that a violent storm caused updrafts that lifted the fish out of shallow waters and took them into the atmosphere.
1986: President Jean-Claude Duvalier fled the Caribbean nation of Haiti, thereby ending 28 years of his family rule.
1990: The Soviet communist party under Mikhail Gorbachev agreed to surrender monopoly on political power after 70 years.
1992: European Community ministers formally signed the Maastricht Treaty of European Union (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).
1999: Crown Prince Abdullah became the King of Jordan following the death of his father, King Hussein (see also The Israel Of East Jordan).
2009: Bushfires in Victoria left 173 people dead in the worst natural disaster in Australia's history.