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Thursday, February 8 2018
The Land Of Israel: Galilee
"And he came and dwelt in a city called Nazareth: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophets, He shall be called a Nazarene"
The modern-day satellite photograph below shows the locations of the territorial sections of the land of Israel as they were when the Israelites took possession, as declared by the LORD to Abraham centuries before (see Biblical Eras: The Lands Promised To Abraham), in the time of Joshua (see Joshua's Commission).
Judea is located in the south. Samaria is in the central area. Galilee is in the north. Also at that time were the tribal territories east of the Jordan River.
The geographic term "Galilee" is from the English-language rendering of the Hebrew words, pronounced gaw-leel and gaw-lee-law, that were used to refer to a region or district in general. Later, it was applied specifically for the now-famous northern section of the land of Israel. The Hebrew words literally mean a circle.
Why a circle? There are a number of logical explanations. It could have been simply because most defined areas in ancient times were unlikely to be square or rectangular, so circular was a more-exact description. But why then was the term applied to that particular area?
The geography of the area, which is based as much on topography, with the mountains of Lebanon to the north, the plains of "Armageddon" to the south, and major bodies of water to the west and east made it into a roughly circular geographic area.
Another possibility is that the area could have been named after the roughly circular shape of the Sea of Galilee (which is actually a freshwater lake).
The term Galilee was first recorded in the Holy Bible relatively early, in the time of Joshua, when it was already commonly known by that name.
"20:7 And they appointed Kedesh in Galilee in mount Naphtali, and Shechem in mount Ephraim, and Kirjatharba, which is Hebron, in the mountain of Judah." (Joshua 20:7 KJV)
Joseph (pronounced yoo-sef - there is no "J" sound in Hebrew e.g. "Jerusalem" is pronounced yer-roo-shaw-lay-im)) and Mary (in Hebrew, Miriam - the same name as Moses' sister) were established residents of Galilee when they were chosen by the LORD to become the parents of the Messiah. Their ancestry was nevertheless from Judea (see The Land Of Israel: Judea), so when Augustus (see The Roman Emperors: Augustus) declared that famous census, they made the journey down from Galilee (see also The King Who Was Born In A Barn).
"2:1 And it came to pass in those days, that there went out a decree from Caesar Augustus, that all the world should be taxed. 2:2 (And this taxing was first made when Cyrenius was governor of Syria.) 2:3 And all went to be taxed, every one into his own city.
Joseph and Mary almost surely did not expect to be away from Galilee for years, rather than a week or two. Nevertheless, in due time they returned - two of them had left, but a family three of them returned: "He came and dwelt in a city called Nazareth: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophets, He shall be called a Nazarene."
"2:19 But when Herod was dead, behold, an angel of the Lord appeareth in a dream to Joseph in Egypt, 2:20 Saying, Arise, and take the young child and his mother, and go into the land of Israel: for they are dead which sought the young child's life.
Even when the Messiah left the wooded hill country of Nazareth (see Hometowns: Nazareth), He remained in Galilee with His move to the lakeshore town of Capernaum (see Hometowns: Capernaum; see also Hometowns: Magdala and Hometowns: Bethsaida).
"4:13 And leaving Nazareth, he came and dwelt in Capernaum, which is upon the sea coast, in the borders of Zabulon and Nephthalim: 4:14 That it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Esaias the prophet, saying, 4:15 The land of Zabulon, and the land of Nephthalim, by the way of the sea, beyond Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles; 4:16 The people which sat in darkness saw great light; and to them which sat in the region and shadow of death light is sprung up.
This Day In History, February 8
1204: Byzantine Emperor Alexius IV Angelus was strangled by his successor, Alexius V.
1238: The Mongols burned the Russian city of Vladimir.
1587: After 19 years in prison, Mary Queen of Scots, 45, was beheaded in Fotheringhay Castle for her part in an attempt to assassinate Queen Elizabeth I and return England to Roman Catholicism (it nevertheless remained, as all "Protestants" do, under the spell of nearly all of the anti-Biblical doctrines of the Church of Rome; see Why Call Me, Lord, Lord, and Do Not The Things Which I Say?).
1725: Peter the Great of Russia died. He was succeeded by Catherine I.
1726: Russia's Supreme Privy Council was established.
1807: Napoleon's forces under Pierre Agureau attacked the Russians at Eylau (see also Russia Or Europe - Who Has Been The Invader?). The battle was indecisive, with causalities from the slaughter exceeded 20,000 on each side.
1856: Agostino Bassi, Italian pioneer bacteriologist, died. He preceded Louis Pasteur by 10 years in discovering that many diseases are caused by micro-organisms (see also Leviticus 13: Bacteria).
1863: Prussia (a territory in Germany) allied with Russia to suppress a revolution in Poland.
1879: Sir Sandford Fleming first proposed the use of Universal Standard Time at a meeting of the Royal Canadian Institute.
1904: The Russo-Japanese War began when the Japanese launched a surprise attack on the Russian fleet at Port Arthur in northeast China (see also Why Was Korea Divided Into North And South?).
1910: The Boy Scouts of America (i.e. in the United States of America, not the United States is America - imagine, for example, if the people of Germany claimed to be THE Europeans; in reality, there are 35 countries in America, from the northern border of Canada in North America to the southern borders of Argentina and Chile in South America) was incorporated by William Boyce who copied it from its origin in England. The Scout Movement was created in England by Lt. Gen. Robert Baden-Powell of the British Army in 1908. Scouts Canada was founded in 1908, immediately after it began in Britain.
1924: The gas chamber was used for the first time as a form of execution in the U.S. when a man convicted of murder was put to death in Nevada.
1942: Japan invaded Singapore during the Second World War (1939-1945; see also The Assassination That Triggered Two World Wars).
1946: The first section of the Revised Standard Version (RSV) of the Holy Bible was published.
1952: Queen Elizabeth II became Queen of the United Kingdom after her father, King George VI, died.
1960: Queen Elizabeth II issued an Order-in-Council stating that she and her family would henceforth be known as the House of Windsor, and that her descendants will have the name "Mountbatten-Windsor."
1969: A meteorite weighing over 1 ton struck the earth in Chihuahua, Mexico.
1993: The newly separated Czech and Slovak republics began using separate currencies for the first time.
2010: A freak storm in the Hindukush mountains of Afghanistan created at more than three dozen avalanches.