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Thursday, April 5 2018

How Did Hagar Meet Abraham And Sarah?

"Abram was come into Egypt ... Pharaoh ... entreated Abram well for Sarai's sake ... menservants and maidservants ... Sarai had an handmaid, an Egyptian, whose name was Hagar"

When Abraham and Sarah arrived in the land of Canaan from their homeland in Iraq, they were not wealthy. They became so however when they entered nearby Egypt to escape a famine (a circumstance that was repeated by Abraham's grandson Jacob decades later). Note carefully that the Pharaoh made Abraham wealthy with gifts that involved Sarah. Among those "maidservants" was Hagar.

An Egyptian Girl

"12:10 And there was a famine in the land: and Abram went down into Egypt to sojourn there; for the famine was grievous in the land. 12:11 And it came to pass, when he was come near to enter into Egypt, that he said unto Sarai his wife, Behold now, I know that thou art a fair woman to look upon: 12:12 Therefore it shall come to pass, when the Egyptians shall see thee, that they shall say, This is his wife: and they will kill me, but they will save thee alive. 12:13 Say, I pray thee, thou art my sister: that it may be well with me for thy sake; and my soul shall live because of thee.

12:14 And it came to pass, that, when Abram was come into Egypt, the Egyptians beheld the woman that she was very fair. 12:15 The princes also of Pharaoh saw her, and commended her before Pharaoh: and the woman was taken into Pharaoh's house. 12:16 And he entreated Abram well for her sake: and he had sheep, and oxen, and he asses, and menservants, and maidservants, and she asses, and camels.

12:17 And the LORD plagued Pharaoh and his house with great plagues because of Sarai Abram's wife. 12:18 And Pharaoh called Abram, and said, What is this that thou hast done unto me? why didst thou not tell me that she was thy wife? 12:19 Why saidst thou, She is my sister? so I might have taken her to me to wife: now therefore behold thy wife, take her, and go thy way. 12:20 And Pharaoh commanded his men concerning him: and they sent him away, and his wife, and all that he had." (Genesis 12:10-20 KJV)

"16:1 Now Sarai Abram's wife bare him no children: and she had an handmaid, an Egyptian, whose name was Hagar.

16:2 And Sarai said unto Abram, Behold now, the LORD hath restrained me from bearing: I pray thee, go in unto my maid; it may be that I may obtain children by her. And Abram hearkened to the voice of Sarai." (Genesis 16:1-2 KJV)

"16:3 And Sarai Abram's wife took Hagar her maid the Egyptian, after Abram had dwelt ten years in the land of Canaan, and gave her to her husband Abram to be his wife." (Genesis 16:3 KJV)

The trouble between Sarai and Hagar began "when she saw that she had conceived."

"16:4 And he went in unto Hagar, and she conceived: and when she saw that she had conceived, her mistress was despised in her eyes." (Genesis 16:4 KJV)

Sarai felt very threatened by the situation. She made a surprising demand to Abram: "the LORD judge between me and thee."

"16:5 And Sarai said unto Abram, My wrong be upon thee: I have given my maid into thy bosom; and when she saw that she had conceived, I was despised in her eyes: the LORD judge between me and thee." (Genesis 16:5 KJV)

Abram refused to favor anyone, leaving the situation with Hagar in the hands of Sarai - in effect, making Sarai judge and accuser. "And when Sarai dealt hardly with her, she fled from her face."

"16:6 But Abram said unto Sarai, Behold, thy maid is in thy hand; do to her as it pleaseth thee. And when Sarai dealt hardly with her, she fled from her face." (Genesis 16:6 KJV)

The Sinai

It was without doubt a sorrowful situation for everyone. The LORD however not only didn't forsake Hagar, He made a profound promise to her: "I will multiply thy seed exceedingly, that it shall not be numbered for multitude." It would be fulfilled, beginning with and by her yet-unborn son of Abram: "Behold, thou art with child, and shalt bear a son, and shalt call his name Ishmael; because the LORD hath heard thy affliction."

"16:7 And the angel of the LORD found her by a fountain of water in the wilderness, by the fountain in the way to Shur.

16:8 And he said, Hagar, Sarai's maid, whence camest thou? and whither wilt thou go?

And she said, I flee from the face of my mistress Sarai.

16:9 And the angel of the LORD said unto her, Return to thy mistress, and submit thyself under her hands.

16:10 And the angel of the LORD said unto her, I will multiply thy seed exceedingly, that it shall not be numbered for multitude.

16:11 And the angel of the LORD said unto her, Behold, thou art with child, and shalt bear a son, and shalt call his name Ishmael; because the LORD hath heard thy affliction.

16:12 And he will be a wild man; his hand will be against every man, and every man's hand against him; and he shall dwell in the presence of all his brethren." (Genesis 16:7-12 KJV)

There are not many people that the LORD spoke to personally, but Hagar was one of them.

"16:13 And she called the name of the LORD that spake unto her, Thou God seest me: for she said, Have I also here looked after him that seeth me?

16:14 Wherefore the well was called Beerlahairoi; behold, it is between Kadesh and Bered." (Genesis 16:13-1 KJV)

Sarai must have been made aware of the LORD's command for Hagar to return, thereby over-ruling Sarai's treatment of Hagar. They did not "live happily ever after" together, as we will cover in subsequent studies in this series, but Hagar returned and "bare Abram a son: and Abram called his son's name, which Hagar bare, Ishmael." Notice that Abram was not the originator of Ishmael's name - he named him Ishmael because the LORD had commanded it to Hagar, as we read above ("Behold, thou art with child, and shalt bear a son, and shalt call his name Ishmael").

"16:15 And Hagar bare Abram a son: and Abram called his son's name, which Hagar bare, Ishmael.

16:16 And Abram was fourscore and six years old, when Hagar bare Ishmael to Abram." (Genesis 16:15-16 KJV)

Fact Finder: Although Hagar returned, what event caused her to be driven away permanently?
See The Birth of Isaac and The Expulsion Of Hagar


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This Day In History, April 5

1081: Alexios I Komnenos became the Byzantine emperor at Constantinople (the city named after the Roman Emperor Constantine; see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy and Emperor Constantine's Sun Dogs).

1242: The Russian forces repelled an invasion by the Teutonic Knights of Germany (see also Russia Or Europe - Who Has Been The Invader? and The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).

1340: Islamic naval forces fought the Spanish in a battle in the Straits of Gibraltar (see also A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad and The Prophet Daniel: Kings Of The North and South).

1355: In Rome, Charles IV was crowned Holy Roman Emperor (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).

1513: Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian, King Henry VIII of England, King Ferdinand of Aragon (Catherine of Aragon, the first wife of King Henry VIII of England, was the daughter of King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain, who employed Christopher Columbus as an explorer) and Pope Leo X signed the Treaty of Mechlin, an alliance to invade France.

1621: The English merchant ship Mayflower (in service 1609 to 1624, a typical 15-year working life of such ships of that era) set sail on its return trip to England from the "New World" (see also The Pilgrims and Thanksgiving In History and Prophecy).

The Mayflower

1710: The Statute of Anne was granted Royal Assent to establish the Copyright Law of the United Kingdom.

1795: The Treaty of Basel between France and Prussia was signed during the French Revolutionary War.

1843: Queen Victoria proclaimed Hong Kong as a British crown colony.

Queen Victoria

1879: Chile declared war on Bolivia and Peru, thereby starting the War of the Pacific.

1896: The modern-day Olympic Games began, in Athens.

1900: Archaeologists in Knossos, Crete, discovered a large cache of clay tablets with hieroglyphic writing in a script they called Linear B.

1943: During the Second World War (1939-1945), a bungling U.S. warplane killed 900 civilians, including 209 children, when it bombed the Belgian town (Belgium was invaded and occupied by Nazi Germany) of Mortsel, rather than the intended target, a Nazi-occupied factory over a kilometer away.

1951: Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were sentenced to death for giving U.S. atomic secrets to Russia.

1955: Winston Churchill resigned as British Prime Minister. He was succeeded by Anthony Eden.

Winston Churchill

1974: The 110-story World Trade Center opened in New York.

1975: Chiang Kai-shek, Chinese military and political leader, died. He fled to Taiwan after his Nationalist forces lost the Chinese civil war against the communists under Mao Zedong in 1949.

China

1989: The Polish government legalized the Solidarity union, and allowed democracy in government.

2009: North Korea launched a nuclear-capable Kwangmyongsong-2 rocket that passed over Japan (see also Why Was Korea Divided Into North And South?).

Sea Of Japan





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