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Sunday, April 15 2018
The Three Fathers Of Humanity: Shem
"And Shem lived after he begat Arphaxad five hundred years, and begat sons and daughters"
Humanity began again after the Flood (see also Biblical Eras: Cain's World Before The Flood and Biblical Eras: The Flood In The Time Of Noah) from the three sons of Noah and their individual, unnamed wives.
"7:13 In the selfsame day entered Noah, and Shem, and Ham, and Japheth, the sons of Noah, and Noah's wife, and the three wives of his sons with them, into the ark" (Genesis 7:13 KJV)
While some debate which son was the actual firstborn of Noah and his wife (i.e. Genesis 10:21 is variously translated as either "Shem, whose older brother was Japheth" or "Shem, the older brother of Japheth"), they are always listed in the historic record as "Shem, Ham and Japheth" - the customary manner of listing sons by order of birth.
"5:32 And Noah was five hundred years old: and Noah begat Shem, Ham, and Japheth." (Genesis 5:1-32 KJV)
The mountains (plural) of Ararat are located between the Black and Caspian Seas in southern Armenia. Although "Mount Ararat" has become popularly used for where Noah's ark came to rest, as the Bible account states, Ararat was actually a mountain range. Two peaks, about 11 kilometers 7 miles apart, have been identified as the most likely location of the ark's resting place. The one is 14,300 feet and the other 10,300 feet above the adjacent Araxes plain. The higher of the two has a snow-covered peak year round, and was known to the ancient Persians (who were neither Jews nor Christians - they had no self-serving reason to name it so) as "Noah's mountain."
As shown on the map above, the descendants of Shem settled primarily in "Arabia" (see The Prophecy Of Mount Sinai In Arabia) - a vast region that today covers the Sinai, the land of Israel, Saudi Arabia and Iraq.
""10:1 Now these are the generations of the sons of Noah, Shem, Ham, and Japheth: and unto them were sons born after the flood." (Genesis 10:1 KJV)
Abraham and his many subsequent lines (including that of the Messiah; see also Biblical Eras: The Messiah's Covenants With The Two Men Of Iraq) were descendants of Shem (see the series of studies for the biography of Abraham in the Fact Finder question below).
"11:10 These are the generations of Shem:
Fact Finder: Who was Abraham?
This Day In History, April 15
769: The Church of Rome's Lateran Council (named after the Basilica in which it was held) condemned the Council of Hieria and anathematized its iconoclastic (opposing religious idols and images) rulings.
1071: Bari, the last Byzantine-held territory in southern Italy, was surrendered to Robert Guiscard.
1632: George Calvert, 1st Baron Baltimore, died at age 52. The English statesman was directly involved in the founding of the North American province of "Mary Land" (named after the Church of Rome's ideas of Mary; see also What Does The Bible Really Say About Mary?), which later became the state of Maryland. A former member of the English House of Commons, Calvert gave up his seat in 1625 after he declared himself a Roman Catholic.
1715: The Pocotaligo Massacre set off the Yamasee War between English pioneers and native Americans in colonial South Carolina (see also The First Chinese American War).
1800: James Ross discovered the North Magnetic pole.
1859: The first steamboat began operating on the Red River, carrying freight and passengers between Fort Garry, now Winnipeg, Manitoba, and St. Paul, Minnesota.
1861: U.S. President Abraham Lincoln called for 75,000 volunteers to put down the insurrection that later became the U.S. Civil War.
1865: U.S. President Abraham Lincoln died after being shot at Ford's Theater in Washington the previous night.
Ronald Reagan broke the so-called "year zero curse" in 1989 when he became the first U.S. President since 1840, who won a Presidential election in a year ending in a zero, to leave office alive (although not without incident - Reagan was also seriously wounded in an assassination attempt in March of 1981):
1980: Ronald Reagan
1880: William Gladstone became the Prime Minister of Britain.
1912: The British ocean liner Titanic sank on its first voyage after colliding with an iceberg. 1,523 of the 2,200 passengers and crew were lost.
1917: During the First World War (1914-1918; see also The Assassination That Triggered Two World Wars), the British defeated the Germans at the Battle of Arras.
1923: Insulin became generally available for people suffering with diabetes.
1927: The Great Mississippi Flood of 1927 began. It was the most destructive river flood in U.S. history.
1938: Francisco Franco's forces captured Vinaroz in the Spanish Civil War.
1941: During the Second World War (1939-1945), the Belfast Blitz. Over 200 bombers of the German Luftwaffe bombed Belfast, Northern Ireland, killing 1,000 people.
1942: During the Second World War (1939-1945), the George Cross, Britain's highest accolade for civilian gallantry, was conferred on Malta by King George VI for bravery in withstanding Italian and German attacks.
1945: Near the end of the Second World War (1939-1945), the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp was liberated by British forces.
1949: Pope Pius XII issued his second encyclical on "Palestine" (see Where Is Palestine?), titled Redemptoris Nostri, that urged Roman Catholics to exert every effort on behalf of their Scriptures-ignoring plan to make Israel's national capital, Jerusalem, into a corpus separatum - an "international city" (see A History Of Jerusalem: The Capital Of Judah).
1952: The first flight of the Boeing B-52 bomber. Named after the year that it began flying (i.e. B-52 is from 1952), the B-52 is still in war service today - the crews are often just half of the age of the airplane (see also Guns Versus Butter and Who Would Throw A Nuclear Boomerang?).
1997: Over 300 Islamic worshipers were killed and over 1,200 injured at a tent city on the plain outside Mecca. Most of the dead were Indians, Pakistanis and Bangladeshis. The fire destroyed an estimated 70,000 tents which they use for shelter in the final days of their Hajj.
1998: Cambodian "Khmer Rouge" leader Pol Pot died at age 73. He is reported to have been responsible for the deaths of up to 2 million people in the "killing fields."
2010: Volcanic ash from a volcano in Iceland caused airspace over Britain and much of Europe to be closed.