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Monday, June 4 2018

Why Were The Ten Commandments Kept In Moses' Tent?

"And Moses took the tabernacle, and pitched it without the camp, afar off from the camp ... And the LORD spake unto Moses face to face, as a man speaketh unto his friend. And he turned again into the camp: but his servant Joshua, the son of Nun, a young man, departed not out of the tabernacle"

Along with the Law of Salvation (see also Grace Is Not A Gift Of Lawlessness and God The Father In Law), Moses was given the instructions for the Tabernacle that would house the Ten Commandments within the Ark of the Covenant. But when Moses returned from the LORD atop Mount Sinai, he found the Israelites running wild around a golden calf idol (Exodus 32; see also What Did They Do In The Sinai With Their Egyptian Gold? and Biblical Eras: Why 40 Years In The Sinai?), after which, as we read here, Moses "took the tabernacle, and pitched it without the camp, afar off from the camp, and called it the Tabernacle of the congregation."

"33:7 And Moses took the tabernacle, and pitched it without the camp, afar off from the camp, and called it the Tabernacle of the congregation.

And it came to pass, that every one which sought the LORD went out unto the tabernacle of the congregation, which was without the camp. 33:8 And it came to pass, when Moses went out unto the tabernacle, that all the people rose up, and stood every man at his tent door, and looked after Moses, until he was gone into the tabernacle. 33:9 And it came to pass, as Moses entered into the tabernacle, the cloudy pillar descended, and stood at the door of the tabernacle, and the LORD talked with Moses. 33:10 And all the people saw the cloudy pillar stand at the tabernacle door: and all the people rose up and worshipped, every man in his tent door.

33:11 And the LORD spake unto Moses face to face, as a man speaketh unto his friend. And he turned again into the camp: but his servant Joshua, the son of Nun, a young man, departed not out of the tabernacle." (Exodus 33:7-11 KJV)

Sinai

But that was not the permanent Tabernacle that was constructed and set up much later (see the chronology list below). The LORD (see A Biography Of Jesus Christ: The LORD God Of Creation) had not yet relented of His anger over their heathen riot around the golden calf, so Moses pitched that temporary Tabernacle away from the people for the time that the LORD declared "I will not go up in the midst of thee; for thou art a stiffnecked people: lest I consume thee in the way."

Although the term "the Tabernacle of the congregation" (or "Tent of Meeting") is used for both of them, the Tabernacle (i.e. tent) that Moses pitched outside the camp (the formal Tabernacle was always inside the camp, at the very center) was before the formal Levite Tabernacle was constructed - even before the Levite priesthood itself was established (see also Why Were The Levites The Last To Receive Their Inheritance?). Until then, the Tabernacle was Moses' tent, and the only two humans that had custody of the Ten Commandments (see the Fact Finder question below) were Moses and Joshua. The Ark itself had not yet been made (see also Why Are The Golden Rings Of The Ark Now Empty?).

The sequence of events:

  • Moses met with the LORD atop Mount Sinai - the first time (Exodus chapters 20 to 31)

  • Moses came down from the mountain and found the Israelites running wild around a golden calf idol. Moses smashed the first set of the tables of stone (Exodus chapter 32)

  • Moses set up the "tent of meeting" outside the camp (Exodus chapter 33)

  • Moses returned atop Mount Sinai and was given the second set of the tables of stone which were then kept by Moses in the "tent of meeting" (Exodus chapter 34)

  • The Tabernacle (Exodus chapters 36 to 38) and the Ark (Exodus chapter 37) were then constructed and the Levite priesthood was established (Exodus chapter 39) - during which the tables of stone were housed and guarded by Moses and Joshua in the "tent of meeting."

  • The Ark of the Covenant, with the Ten Commandments inside, were then placed in the new Tabernacle in the custody of Aaron and the newly-established priesthood (Exodus chapter 40)

Fact Finder: What did the tables of stone actually look like?
See Turning The Tables


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This Day In History, June 4

781 BC: The first documented solar eclipse was recorded, in China (see also What Can You See In The Firmament Of The Heavens? and When Do Eclipses Happen On The Christian Holy Days?).

Solar Eclipse

1039: German King Henry III (Henry is the English version of Heinrich) became Holy Roman Emperor (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).

1411: King Charles VI granted a monopoly for the exclusive production of Roquefort cheese to the people of Roquefort-sur-Soulzon (an area of southern France).

1584: Sir Walter Raleigh established the first English colony on Roanoke Island, old Virginia (now North Carolina; Raleigh, North Carolina is named after Sir Walter Raleigh).

1760: 22 ships carrying New England planters arrived in Nova Scotia to replace the Acadians. Many of the Acadians of Canada moved to the French colonies of Louisiana where they became known by the southern-slang abbreviation "Cajuns."

1783: First flight: French brothers Etienne and Joseph Montgolfier made the first public flight of a hot-air balloon (see Who Was The First To Fly?).

Montgolfier

1792: Captain George Vancouver claimed Puget Sound for Britain.

1800: Construction of the original White House was completed. It was burned in August 1814 by British Marines during the War of 1812-14 in retaliation for the U.S. burning and looting of the Parliament Building and city Library in Toronto months before.

1831: The Belgian Congress proclaimed Prince Leopold of Saxe-Coburg as the first king of Belgium after the southern provinces split with the Netherlands.

1878: Under the terms of the Cyprus Convention, the Ottoman Empire ceded Cyprus to the United Kingdom (see also A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate).

1920: The Treaty of Trianon. Signed after the First World War by Hungary and the allies (excluding U.S. and U.S.S.R.), it reduced Hungary by one third, and deprived it of access to the sea; it gave Transylvania, the East Banat, and other districts to Romania; Slovakia and Ruthenia to Czechoslovakia; Croatia, Slavonia and the West Banat to Yugoslavia; the Bergenland to Austria (see also The Assassination That Triggered Two World Wars).

Austrian Hungarian Empire
1928: Zhang Zuolin, the President of the Republic of China, was assassinated by Japanese agents (see also Why Was Korea Divided Into North And South?).

1939: The MS St. Louis, a German ocean liner with 963 Jewish refugees aboard, was denied permission to land in Florida, after being turned away from Cuba. Forced to return to Europe, more than 200 of its passengers later died in Nazi concentration camps.

1940: The British completed the evacuation of 300,000 troops from Dunkirk. Prime Minister Winston Churchill made his famous speech to the House of Commons: "we shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be, we shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender..."

Dunkirk
1941: Kaiser (the German form of Caesar) Wilhelm II, ninth king of Prussia and third German emperor from 1888-1918, died in exile in the Netherlands.

1942: The 3-day Battle of Midway, the turning point in the sea war in the Pacific during the Second World War, began. The Japanese lost 4 aircraft carriers, 1 cruiser and 248 aircraft, with a total of 3,057 killed; the U.S. lost 1 aircraft carrier, 1 cruiser and 150 aircraft, with a total of 307 killed.

Many U.S. and Japanese aircraft carriers sunk in battle during the Second World War (1939-1945; the U.S. entered the war in December 1941). Japan lost over 20 aircraft carriers (including those that were involved in the attack on Pearl Harbor), while the U.S. lost over 12 (including the Hornet, Langley, Lexington, Princeton, Wasp and Yorktown).

Lexington

1944: Rome fell to the Allied forces, becoming the first Axis (Berlin, Rome, Tokyo) capital to fall during the Second World War.

1961: At the Vienna summit, Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev triggered the Berlin Crisis by threatening to sign a separate peace treaty with East Germany and ending U.S., British and French road access to East Berlin.

1986: Jonathan Pollard pleaded guilty to espionage for selling top secret U.S. military information to Israel.

1989: Hundreds of pro-democracy demonstrators in Tiananmen Square were killed by the Chinese army using tanks and machine guns.

1989: A natural gas explosion near Ufa, Russia, killed 575 people when two passenger trains passing each other threw sparks onto a leaking gas pipeline.

1998: Terry Nichols was sentenced to life in prison for his role in the bombing of the Federal Building in Oklahoma City. His co-conspirator, Timothy McVeigh, was sentenced to death.





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