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Wednesday, August 1 2018
A Bible Journey, 8: The Landing On Ararat
"And the ark rested in the seventh month, on the seventeenth day of the month, upon the mountains of Ararat"
The Hebrew word pronounced aw-rawr-rawt is found four times in the Holy Scriptures. It is translated in the King James Version as "Ararat" in Genesis (referring to the mountains, see farther below) and Jeremiah (referring to the kingdoms located around the mountains; see also Jeremiah 51: Why Was The Letter Cast Into The Euphrates River?).
"51:25 Behold, I am against thee, O destroying mountain, saith the LORD, which destroyest all the earth: and I will stretch out mine hand upon thee, and roll thee down from the rocks, and will make thee a burnt mountain. 51:26 And they shall not take of thee a stone for a corner, nor a stone for foundations; but thou shalt be desolate for ever, saith the LORD.
Although "Mount Ararat" has become popular as the place where Noah's ark came to rest (see also How Much Did Noah's Ark Weigh?), the Holy Bible is geographically precise and correct in that Ararat is actually a mountain range in Ararat ("the mountains of Ararat") - hence also the reason that Jeremiah referred to it in the way that he did. Two peaks, about 11 kilometers / 7 miles apart, have been identified as the site of the ark's landing. The one is 14,300 feet and the other 10,300 feet above the adjacent Araxes plain. The higher of the two has a snow-covered peak year round, and was known to the ancient Persians (who were neither Jews nor Christians) as "Noah's mountain."
When their purpose was accomplished, the waters of the Flood began to return to where they came from (see How Did The Flood Happen?; also Creation Day 2: The Heaven Above, The Waters Below and Creation Day 3: Continents And Oceans).
"8:1 And God remembered Noah, and every living thing, and all the cattle that was with him in the ark: and God made a wind to pass over the earth, and the waters asswaged; 8:2 The fountains also of the deep and the windows of heaven were stopped, and the rain from heaven was restrained; 8:3 And the waters returned from off the earth continually: and after the end of the hundred and fifty days the waters were abated." (Genesis 8:1-3 KJV)
"8:4 And the ark rested in the seventh month, on the seventeenth day of the month, upon the mountains of Ararat." (Genesis 8:4 KJV)
The waters continued to drain back to where a great geological event had driven them to the surface - the Flood was caused much more by geology than meteorology (again, see How Did The Flood Happen?).
"8:5 And the waters decreased continually until the tenth month: in the tenth month, on the first day of the month, were the tops of the mountains seen." (Genesis 8:5 KJV)
Knowing that carrion would be found before clean food, Noah sent out a raven, an "unclean" bird (to understand the biological difference between "clean" and "unclean" birds and animals, see What Makes Creatures Clean or Unclean?).
"8:6 And it came to pass at the end of forty days, that Noah opened the window of the ark which he had made:
Doves are "clean" birds (the photo below shows 3 of the author's ringneck doves - named from the neck "ring" marking in their feathers; the photo farther below is that of the author holding a 2 week old offspring of the older doves). Noah waited to send out the dove to see if it could find "clean" food (for the animals and for the humans - keeping in mind that humans at that point were still vegetarians; see also A Bible Journey, 5: When Humans Lived For Centuries) - meaning that there was no longer just carrion (of animals and humans) to be found.
"8:8 Also he sent forth a dove from him, to see if the waters were abated from off the face of the ground; 8:9 But the dove found no rest for the sole of her foot, and she returned unto him into the ark, for the waters were on the face of the whole earth: then he put forth his hand, and took her, and pulled her in unto him into the ark." (Genesis 8:8-9 KJV)
At last, the dove found clean vegetable matter that had begun growing again after the waters had receded.
"8:10 And he stayed yet other seven days; and again he sent forth the dove out of the ark;
While the Flood began from a sudden great geologic event, the drainage back was much slower. The floodwaters could not have gone away simply by evaporation because it all would just have come back down again as rain (again, see How Did The Flood Happen?).
"8:13 And it came to pass in the six hundredth and first year, in the first month, the first day of the month, the waters were dried up from off the earth: and Noah removed the covering of the ark, and looked, and, behold, the face of the ground was dry.
When the time was right, the LORD commanded Noah to disembark the ark and begin the world of life again (see A Bible Journey, 7: The Voyage Of The Last And First Family).
"8:15 And God spake unto Noah, saying, 8:16 Go forth of the ark, thou, and thy wife, and thy sons, and thy sons' wives with thee. 8:17 Bring forth with thee every living thing that is with thee, of all flesh, both of fowl, and of cattle, and of every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth; that they may breed abundantly in the earth, and be fruitful, and multiply upon the earth." (Genesis 8:15-17 KJV)
The family of Noah, four men and four women, became the new "Adam" (see Adam and Adamah).
"8:18 And Noah went forth, and his sons, and his wife, and his sons' wives with him:
What kind of creatures did Noah use for a sacrifice? Clean animals.
"8:20 And Noah builded an altar unto the LORD; and took of every clean beast, and of every clean fowl, and offered burnt offerings on the altar." (Genesis 8:20 KJV)
The LORD then promised that never again would He destroy the evil of the world - with water (see The Floods Brought By Christ).
"8:21 And the LORD smelled a sweet savour; and the LORD said in his heart, I will not again curse the ground any more for man's sake; for the imagination of man's heart is evil from his youth; neither will I again smite any more every thing living, as I have done. 8:22 While the earth remaineth, seedtime and harvest, and cold and heat, and summer and winter, and day and night shall not cease." (Genesis 8:21-22 KJV)
Fact Finder: What was the historic and prophetic significance of Noah's name?
This Day In History, August 1
30 BC: Octavian (later known as Augustus, as he is also recorded in the Holy Bible as the Roman Emperor who called for the famous census that resulted in the Messiah being born in Bethlehem, as prophesied; see The Roman Emperors: Augustus and Bethlehem In History And Prophecy - the photo below is that of an actual in his lifetime portrait sculpture of him) took control of Alexandria, Egypt from the Ptolemies (see A History Of Jerusalem: Greeks, Ptolemies, Seleucids and The Cleopatra Connection). The Roman calendar month of August was named after Octavian / Caesar Augustus.
69: The Batavian Rebellion. Batavians, in what is known today as the Netherlands, rebelled against Roman occupation of their homeland (see Pax Romana: The Birth Of The Roman Empire).
527: Justinian I became the sole ruler of the Byzantine (East Roman) Empire.
1096: The Crusaders (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy) under the command of Peter the Hermit reached Constantinople.
1137: King Louis VI of France died and was succeeded by his son Louis VII, who launched the disastrous Second Crusade.
1192: Crusaders under Richard the Lionheart landed at Jaffa (see also The Joppa Lessons Of Jonah And Peter) where they defeated the forces of Saladin (see A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad and A Biography Of Abraham: Abrahamic Religions).
1291: The three cantons of Uri, Unterwalden and Schwyz formed the Everlasting League, a confederation from which Switzerland was formed.
1498: Christopher Columbus became the first European to "discover" what is now Venezuela. The four voyages of Columbus were actually to the islands of the Caribbean Sea, with a few landfalls on South America - Columbus never set foot in the one country of America that today exclusively calls itself "America." America (i.e. the continents - everyone in North and South America, 35 countries, are Americans) was actually discovered by the Vikings 500 years before Columbus was even born.
1534: French explorer Jacques Cartier sighted the north shore of the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Sent by King Francois I to look for gold in the New World and a passage to China, Cartier left France on April 20 1534 with 2 ships and 61 men, arriving off Newfoundland 20 days later. Before heading home on August 15, he claimed what is today Newfoundland, Prince Edward Island, the Gulf of St. Lawrence and the adjacent lands for France.
1664: The Ottoman / Turkish army battled French and German forces at St. Gotthard, Hungary (listen to our Sermon The Ottoman Empire).
1714: Anne, Queen of Britain 1702-1714, died at age 49. She was the last Stuart monarch. Although her father King James II was a Roman Catholic, she was raised as a Protestant at the insistence of her uncle Charles II. She was pregnant 18 times between 1683-1700, but none survived infancy.
1714: George Louis, Elector of Hanover, was named King George I of Great Britain upon the death of Queen Anne.
1740: Thomas Arne's Rule Britannia was performed in public for the first time.
1759: British and Hanoverian armies versus the French at the Battle of Minden, Germany.
1774: Joseph Priestley, the British Presbyterian minister and chemist, identified a gas which he called "dephlogisticated air" - later known as oxygen.
1778: The world's first "savings bank" was opened, in Hamburg, Germany.
1793: France became the first country to use the Metric System of weights and measures, a byproduct of the French Revolution. Today, nearly the entire world (with the sole exception of the U.S. which uses it only to a limited degree, in science and medicine) uses the Metric System. While many regard the "miles and Fahrenheit" system to be an entirely-English creation, miles were actually invented by the ancient Romans and the Fahrenheit temperature scale was invented in 1724 by a German physicist, Daniel Fahrenheit. "Miles and Fahrenheit" are just as European in origin as the Metric System. Even the word "mile" uses the same prefix, "mill," meaning thousand, as the Metric System (see also Fahrenheit versus Celsius).
1834: The Slavery Abolition Act abolished slavery throughout the British Empire. An estimated 770,280 men and women became free, leaving only those in the U.S. as slaves (until the end of the U.S. Civil War about 30 years later).
1950: King Leopold III of Belgium abdicated in favor of Prince Baudouin, effective July 1951.
1954: The Geneva Accords divided Vietnam into 2 countries at the 17th parallel.
1957: The U.S. and Canada formed the North American Air Defense Command, NORAD. For Canadians, the Russian threat during the Cold War wasn't somewhere "over there" in Europe - Canada has the U.S. on its southern border and Russia on its northern border. Canadians don't have to leave home to confront the Russian army.
1964: The Belgian Congo was renamed the Republic of the Congo.
1990: Iraq's president Saddam Hussein sent an invasion force of 100,000 troops into Kuwait, setting off the "Desert Storm" Kuwait War.