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Tuesday, August 21 2018

A Bible Journey, 16: Hagar's Journey

"Pharaoh ... entreated Abram well ... and he had sheep, and oxen, and he asses, and menservants, and maidservants, and she asses, and camels ... Sarai Abram's wife bare him no children: and she had an handmaid, an Egyptian, whose name was Hagar"

Abraham and Sarah were not wealthy when they left Ur (see Hometowns: Ur Of The Chaldees). They became so in Egypt. Notice that the Pharaoh made Abraham wealthy with gifts that involved Sarah. Among those "maidservants" was Hagar.

An Egyptian Girl

"12:10 And there was a famine in the land: and Abram went down into Egypt to sojourn there; for the famine was grievous in the land. 12:11 And it came to pass, when he was come near to enter into Egypt, that he said unto Sarai his wife, Behold now, I know that thou art a fair woman to look upon: 12:12 Therefore it shall come to pass, when the Egyptians shall see thee, that they shall say, This is his wife: and they will kill me, but they will save thee alive. 12:13 Say, I pray thee, thou art my sister: that it may be well with me for thy sake; and my soul shall live because of thee.

12:14 And it came to pass, that, when Abram was come into Egypt, the Egyptians beheld the woman that she was very fair. 12:15 The princes also of Pharaoh saw her, and commended her before Pharaoh: and the woman was taken into Pharaoh's house. 12:16 And he entreated Abram well for her sake: and he had sheep, and oxen, and he asses, and menservants, and maidservants, and she asses, and camels.

12:17 And the LORD plagued Pharaoh and his house with great plagues because of Sarai Abram's wife. 12:18 And Pharaoh called Abram, and said, What is this that thou hast done unto me? why didst thou not tell me that she was thy wife? 12:19 Why saidst thou, She is my sister? so I might have taken her to me to wife: now therefore behold thy wife, take her, and go thy way. 12:20 And Pharaoh commanded his men concerning him: and they sent him away, and his wife, and all that he had." (Genesis 12:10-20 KJV)

"16:1 Now Sarai Abram's wife bare him no children: and she had an handmaid, an Egyptian, whose name was Hagar.

16:2 And Sarai said unto Abram, Behold now, the LORD hath restrained me from bearing: I pray thee, go in unto my maid; it may be that I may obtain children by her. And Abram hearkened to the voice of Sarai." (Genesis 16:1-2 KJV)

Although it is often incorrectly portrayed as such, Abram, later renamed as Abraham, did not favor Isaac over his other children. Abram recognized and accommodated the purpose and responsibility that the Messianic line would serve - for the benefit of all of his children. The LORD God, Who not only chose the Messianic line through Isaac, but was later born as the Messiah from that line (see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God), never played favorites either. Salvation is a means of opportunity for all of humanity.

Although Sarai knew of the LORD's promise to Abram that he would have the Messianic son with her, Sarai grew impatient. "Sarai said unto Abram, Behold now, the LORD hath restrained me from bearing: I pray thee, go in unto my maid; it may be that I may obtain children by her."

"16:1 Now Sarai Abram's wife bare him no children: and she had an handmaid, an Egyptian, whose name was Hagar.

16:2 And Sarai said unto Abram, Behold now, the LORD hath restrained me from bearing: I pray thee, go in unto my maid; it may be that I may obtain children by her. And Abram hearkened to the voice of Sarai." (Genesis 16:1-2 KJV)

Hagar became another lawful wife of Abram, as arranged by Sarai.

"16:3 And Sarai Abram's wife took Hagar her maid the Egyptian, after Abram had dwelt ten years in the land of Canaan, and gave her to her husband Abram to be his wife." (Genesis 16:3 KJV)

The bitter conflict between Sarai and Hagar began "when she saw that she had conceived."

Hagar

"16:4 And he went in unto Hagar, and she conceived: and when she saw that she had conceived, her mistress was despised in her eyes." (Genesis 16:4 KJV)

Sarai made a stark demand to Abram: "the LORD judge between me and thee."

"16:5 And Sarai said unto Abram, My wrong be upon thee: I have given my maid into thy bosom; and when she saw that she had conceived, I was despised in her eyes: the LORD judge between me and thee." (Genesis 16:5 KJV)

Abram refused to favor anyone, leaving the situation with Hagar in the hands of Sarai - in effect, making Sarai judge and accuser. "And when Sarai dealt hardly with her, she fled from her face."

"16:6 But Abram said unto Sarai, Behold, thy maid is in thy hand; do to her as it pleaseth thee. And when Sarai dealt hardly with her, she fled from her face." (Genesis 16:6 KJV)

It was without doubt a sorrowful situation for everyone. The LORD however not only didn't forsake Hagar, He made a profound promise to her: "I will multiply thy seed exceedingly, that it shall not be numbered for multitude." It would be fulfilled, beginning with and by her yet-unborn son of Abram: "Behold, thou art with child, and shalt bear a son, and shalt call his name Ishmael; because the LORD hath heard thy affliction."

"16:7 And the angel of the LORD found her by a fountain of water in the wilderness, by the fountain in the way to Shur.

16:8 And he said, Hagar, Sarai's maid, whence camest thou? and whither wilt thou go?

And she said, I flee from the face of my mistress Sarai.

16:9 And the angel of the LORD said unto her, Return to thy mistress, and submit thyself under her hands.

16:10 And the angel of the LORD said unto her, I will multiply thy seed exceedingly, that it shall not be numbered for multitude.

16:11 And the angel of the LORD said unto her, Behold, thou art with child, and shalt bear a son, and shalt call his name Ishmael; because the LORD hath heard thy affliction.

16:12 And he will be a wild man; his hand will be against every man, and every man's hand against him; and he shall dwell in the presence of all his brethren." (Genesis 16:7-12 KJV)

There are not many people that the LORD spoke to personally, but Hagar was one of them.

"16:13 And she called the name of the LORD that spake unto her, Thou God seest me: for she said, Have I also here looked after him that seeth me?

16:14 Wherefore the well was called Beerlahairoi; behold, it is between Kadesh and Bered." (Genesis 16:13-1 KJV)

Hagar returned, before being cast away again, and "bare Abram a son: and Abram called his son's name, which Hagar bare, Ishmael." Notice that Abram was not the originator of Ishmael's name - he named him Ishmael because the LORD had commanded it to Hagar, as we read above ("Behold, thou art with child, and shalt bear a son, and shalt call his name Ishmael").

"16:15 And Hagar bare Abram a son: and Abram called his son's name, which Hagar bare, Ishmael.

16:16 And Abram was fourscore and six years old, when Hagar bare Ishmael to Abram." (Genesis 16:15-16 KJV)

Fact Finder: Abraham was from Iraq. Hagar was from Egypt. How did the people of Iraq and Egypt originate together from the same ancestor?
See Children Of Ham - The Origin Of Egypt And Iraq


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This Day In History, August 21

1129: Minamoto no Yoritomo (an approximation of how the name is pronounced in English) became Seii Tai Sho-gun ("Shogun without equal" i.e. leader) of Japan.

Japan

1680: Pueblo people ("Indians"; see also The First Chinese American War) captured Santa Fe from the Spanish during the Pueblo Revolt.

1689: The Battle of Dunkeld in Scotland. Jacobite clans supporting deposed King James VII of Scotland fought a government regiment of covenanters supporting William of Orange, King of Scotland.

1745: Czar Peter III of Russia married Catherine the Great.

1770: Captain James Cook claimed eastern Australia for Britain, naming it New South Wales.

James Cook

Australia

1794: France surrendered the island of Corsica to the British.

1808: Napoleon Bonaparte's General Junot was defeated by Wellington at the first Battle of the Peninsular War at Vimiero, Spain.

1810: Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte, one of Napoleon's generals, was elected crown prince of Norway and Sweden. He ascended the throne 8 years later as Charles XIV. He founded the present royal house of Sweden.

1831: Nat Turner led U.S. slaves in a rebellion. Turner was captured and hung, along with 56 other blacks who fought in the rebellion. Virginia and other southern states thereafter passed laws that prohibited education of slaves and free blacks, restricted the rights of assembly for all blacks, and required white ministers to be present at all black worship services.

Slavery

Slavery

1911: Leonardo da Vinci's painting of the Mona Lisa was stolen from the Louvre in Paris. It was recovered in 1913.

Mona Lisa

1918: During the First World War (1914-1918), The Second Battle of the Somme began (see also The Assassination That Triggered Two World Wars).

1940: Leon Trotsky, 61, one of the leaders of the Russian Revolution, was killed by an assassin wielding an ice pick.

1944: Representatives of the U.S., Britain, Russia and China met at Dumbarton Oaks near Washington to plan for the formation of the United Nations.

1945: Harry Daghlian, a nuclear weapons physicist, was fatally irradiated in an accident with "the Demon core" at the US Los Alamos National Laboratory (see also Who Would Throw A Nuclear Boomerang?).

1950: The United Nations building in New York opened.

1957: The Soviet Union successfully completed a long-range test of the R-7 Semyorka, the first intercontinental ballistic missile (US and Soviet nuclear bombs at that time were aboard conventional bombers; see also The Rockets' Red Glare).

Missile

1982: Thousands of "Palestinians" (see Where Is Palestine?) were evacuated from Lebanon in response to Israel's invasion on June 6 (years later, terrorist leader Osama bin Laden declared that he got the idea for the 9-11 attacks on the World Trade Center towers in New York from his seeing US-made Israeli Air Force F-16s bombing high-rise buildings in Lebanon).

1983: Philippines opposition leader Benign Aquino was assassinated in Manila minutes after returning from 3 years of exile in the U.S. The assassination led to the 1986 collapse of the U.S.-backed Marcos regime, and the subsequent election of Aquino's widow, Corazon, as president.

1986: A large amount of carbon dioxide gas erupted from volcanic Lake Nyos in Cameroon, killing up to 1,800 people within a 20-kilometers.

1990: The first pictures from Venus by the space probe Magellan showed features similar to volcanoes and valleys on Earth.

1990: British conservationist George Adamson, best known for his work which was documented in the film "Born Free," was murdered by bandits in Kenya.

1991: Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev regained control after a 3-day failed coup by Communist hardliners.

2001: NATO sent a "peace-keeping force" to the former Yugoslav Republic (see also The Assassination That Triggered Two World Wars) of Macedonia.





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Copyright © Wayne Blank