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Saturday, September 1 2018

A Bible Journey, 18: The Promise To Sarah

"Sarah thy wife shall have a son"

After his parting with Lot (see A Bible Journey, 13: How Lot Became A Sodomite), Abraham lived in Hebron, in the hill country south of Jerusalem (see also Hometowns: Hebron).

Ramah

Some time thereafter, "the LORD appeared unto him in the plains of Mamre," along with two angels. Although they appeared as ordinary men, the Holy Scriptures specifically identify one as the LORD (see The Real Jesus: The Word Of The LORD God) and the other two as angels (i.e. "two angels" Genesis 19:1 KJV).

"18:1 And the LORD appeared unto him in the plains of Mamre: and he sat in the tent door in the heat of the day;

18:2 And he lift up his eyes and looked, and, lo, three men stood by him: and when he saw them, he ran to meet them from the tent door, and bowed himself toward the ground,

18:3 And said, My Lord, if now I have found favour in thy sight, pass not away, I pray thee, from thy servant: 18:4 Let a little water, I pray you, be fetched, and wash your feet, and rest yourselves under the tree: 18:5 And I will fetch a morsel of bread, and comfort ye your hearts; after that ye shall pass on: for therefore are ye come to your servant.

And they said, So do, as thou hast said." (Genesis 18:1-5 KJV)

Sarah made the bread while a servant ("unto a young man") prepared the veal ("a calf tender and good"). When it was ready, Abraham "stood by them under the tree, and they did eat."

Abraham and The Three Angels

"18:6 And Abraham hastened into the tent unto Sarah, and said, Make ready quickly three measures of fine meal, knead it, and make cakes upon the hearth.

18:7 And Abraham ran unto the herd, and fetcht a calf tender and good, and gave it unto a young man; and he hasted to dress it.

18:8 And he took butter, and milk, and the calf which he had dressed, and set it before them; and he stood by them under the tree, and they did eat." (Genesis 18:6-8 KJV)

The LORD and the two angels had come to attend to two tasks in the area. The first was the LORD's reiteration that elderly and childless Sarah would become a mother.

"18:9 And they said unto him, Where is Sarah thy wife?

And he said, Behold, in the tent.

18:10 And he said, I will certainly return unto thee according to the time of life; and, lo, Sarah thy wife shall have a son. And Sarah heard it in the tent door, which was behind him.

18:11 Now Abraham and Sarah were old and well stricken in age; and it ceased to be with Sarah after the manner of women. 18:12 Therefore Sarah laughed within herself, saying, After I am waxed old shall I have pleasure, my lord being old also?

18:13 And the LORD said unto Abraham, Wherefore did Sarah laugh, saying, Shall I of a surety bear a child, which am old? 18:14 Is any thing too hard for the LORD? At the time appointed I will return unto thee, according to the time of life, and Sarah shall have a son.

18:15 Then Sarah denied, saying, I laughed not; for she was afraid.

And he said, Nay; but thou didst laugh." (Genesis 18:9-15 KJV)

The second task was a visit to Sodom, to see if any good could be found in it (keep in mind that there were just as many female Sodomites as male - that wad the point of Abraham's bargaining; see the Fact Finder question below). The LORD and the two angels began to leave Abraham's encampment, with Abraham walking along with them. The LORD then decided to tell Abraham what He was going to do to Sodom - perhaps as a way to get Abraham to return home (Abraham was already well aware of the abominable state of "beautiful" Sodom; see Genesis 14: The Rescue Of Lot).

Sodomites

"18:16 And the men rose up from thence, and looked toward Sodom: and Abraham went with them to bring them on the way.

18:17 And the LORD said, Shall I hide from Abraham that thing which I do; 18:18 Seeing that Abraham shall surely become a great and mighty nation, and all the nations of the earth shall be blessed in him? 18:19 For I know him, that he will command his children and his household after him, and they shall keep the way of the LORD, to do justice and judgment; that the LORD may bring upon Abraham that which he hath spoken of him." (Genesis 18:16-19 KJV)

The LORD had intended to go to Sodom with the two angels, but Abraham's presence and conversation caused the two angels to continue on to Sodom alone (if not for Abraham, the "men" of Sodom would have attempted to sexually assault the LORD too - His appearance, as described, was no different than the angels that the men of Sodom lusted after.

"18:20 And the LORD said, Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and because their sin is very grievous; 18:21 I will go down now, and see whether they have done altogether according to the cry of it, which is come unto me; and if not, I will know." (Genesis 18:20-21 KJV)

So it was that the LORD remained with Abraham, while the two angels departed for Sodom.

"18:22 And the men turned their faces from thence, and went toward Sodom: but Abraham stood yet before the LORD." (Genesis 18:22 KJV)

Abraham then began pleading not to destroy everyone in Sodom. He began with "Wilt thou also destroy and not spare the place for the fifty righteous that are therein?"

"18:23 And Abraham drew near, and said, Wilt thou also destroy the righteous with the wicked?

18:24 Peradventure there be fifty righteous within the city: wilt thou also destroy and not spare the place for the fifty righteous that are therein? 18:25 That be far from thee to do after this manner, to slay the righteous with the wicked: and that the righteous should be as the wicked, that be far from thee: Shall not the Judge of all the earth do right?" (Genesis 18:23-25 KJV)

The LORD granted Abraham's request.

"18:26 And the LORD said, If I find in Sodom fifty righteous within the city, then I will spare all the place for their sakes." (Genesis 18:26 KJV)

Abraham then continued bargaining, until he reached ten - a number of people that Abraham obviously had a reason to choose, otherwise, why stop at ten? (see the Fact Finder question below).

"18:27 And Abraham answered and said, Behold now, I have taken upon me to speak unto the Lord, which am but dust and ashes:

18:28 Peradventure there shall lack five of the fifty righteous: wilt thou destroy all the city for lack of five?

And he said, If I find there forty and five, I will not destroy it.

18:29 And he spake unto him yet again, and said, Peradventure there shall be forty found there.

And he said, I will not do it for forty's sake.

18:30 And he said unto him, Oh let not the Lord be angry, and I will speak: Peradventure there shall thirty be found there.

And he said, I will not do it, if I find thirty there.

18:31 And he said, Behold now, I have taken upon me to speak unto the Lord: Peradventure there shall be twenty found there.

And he said, I will not destroy it for twenty's sake.

18:32 And he said, Oh let not the Lord be angry, and I will speak yet but this once: Peradventure ten shall be found there.

And he said, I will not destroy it for ten's sake." (Genesis 18:27-32 KJV)

The LORD then departed for Sodom, where the anti-nature perverts of Sodom were already attacking the angels that they thought were men.

"18:33 And the LORD went his way, as soon as he had left communing with Abraham: and Abraham returned unto his place." (Genesis 18:33 KJV)

Fact Finder: Why was Abraham satisfied with the bargaining at ten people?
See Why Did Lot's Wife Look Back?


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This Day In History, September 1

891: Arnulf defeated the Vikings from Scandinavia at the Battle of Louvain in Belgium.

Vikings

1159: Pope Adrian IV died at age 59. Born as Nicholas Breakspear, he was the only Englishman to become pope.

1532: Anne Boleyn was made Marquess of Pembroke by her finance, King Henry VIII of England.

Catherine and Anne

1557: Jacques Cartier died at age 66. During his 3 voyages between 1534 and 1543, the French explorer discovered the St. Lawrence River and other major findings throughout eastern North America.

Jacques Cartier

1666: The Great Fire of London began in a bakery on Pudding Lane. Over the next 4 days, the fire destroyed 75% of the British capital.

1676: Nathaniel Bacon led an uprising against English governor William Berkeley at Jamestown, Virginia, resulting in the settlement being burned to the ground. "Bacon's Rebellion" came as a result of the governor's refusal to defend the colonists against the "Americans" (i.e. the "Indians").

1707: The Treaty of Altranstadt was signed during the Great Northern War (1700-1721) by Swedish king Charles XII and Holy Roman emperor Joseph I.

1715: King Louis XIV of France died after a 72 year reign - the longest of any major European monarch.

1870: Prussia (not to be confused with Russia; Prussia is in northern Germany) defeated France at the Battle of Sedan in the last battle of the Franco-Prussian War. Napoleon III surrendered himself to the Prussians.

1904: Helen Keller, 24, graduated from Radcliffe College. Blind and deaf from the age of 2, she became a champion of those with disabilities.

1905: Alberta and Saskatchewan joined the Canadian Confederation.

Canada

1914: The last-known passenger pigeon died, at the Cincinnati Zoo.

Passenger Pigeons

1923: A magnitude 7.9 earthquake struck Japan. Yokohama and Tokyo were destroyed, killing over 140,000 people and destroying the homes of 2.5 million people.

1939: Adolf Hitler's massive (52 army divisions) invasion of Poland. The Second World War (1939-1945; see also The Assassination That Triggered Two World Wars) began that day in response to Germany's invasion of Poland (see also Russia Or Europe - Who Has Been The Invader? and Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).

Invasion of Russia

1941: The Yellow Star was made obligatory for all Jews in Hitler's "Third Reich" to wear (see also Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).

1945: Within months after the war ended in Europe, the official statistics of the Jews murdered in the Satanic Nazi "Final Solution" were 2,800,000 Polish, 800,000 Soviet, 450,000 Hungarian, 350,000 Romanian, 180,000 German, 60,000 Austrian, 243,000 Czechoslovakian, 110,000 Dutch, 25,000 Belgian, 50,000 Yugoslav, 80,000 Greek, 65,000 French, 10,000 Italian.

1962: The United Nations announced that the population of the world had reached 3 billion. It has since more than doubled.

1969: A coup in Libya established Muammar al-Gaddafi as leader (see also Libya In History And Prophecy).

1980: Terry Fox's Marathon of Hope (a cross-Canada run by Fox, who had lost a leg to cancer) ended near Thunder Bay, Ontario.

1983: Korean Air Flight 007 was shot down by a Soviet warplane after the commercial airliner strayed into Soviet airspace. All 269 passengers and crew were killed (see also Why Was Korea Divided Into North And South?).

1985: Divers located the wreckage of the Titanic on the ocean floor, approximately 900 kilometers (560 miles) south of Newfoundland. It sank on April 15 1912 with a loss of 1,500 of its 2,200 passengers.

Titanic





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