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Tuesday, September 4 2018

A Bible Journey, 21: Sons Of Abraham - Ishmael and Isaac

"Hagar bare Abram a son: and Abram called his son's name, which Hagar bare, Ishmael ... Sarah conceived, and bare Abraham a son ... Abraham called the name of his son ... whom Sarah bare to him, Isaac ... Sarah saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian, which she had born unto Abraham ... she said unto Abraham, Cast out this bondwoman and her son ... And the thing was very grievous in Abraham's sight because of his son"

Ishmael was the firstborn son of Abraham. Isaac, born over a decade later, was Abraham's second-born son (Abraham had many other children, later - see the Fact Finder question below).

The births of Ishmael and Isaac were both prophesied by the LORD (i.e. Jesus Christ; seeThe Real Jesus: The Word Of The LORD God). The LORD even named them, with a promise of blessing to each of them.

Beersheba What the LORD declared about Ishmael:

"16:10 And the angel of the LORD said unto her, I will multiply thy seed exceedingly, that it shall not be numbered for multitude. 16:11 And the angel of the LORD said unto her, Behold, thou art with child, and shalt bear a son, and shalt call his name Ishmael; because the LORD hath heard thy affliction. 16:12 And he will be a wild man; his hand will be against every man, and every man's hand against him; and he shall dwell in the presence of all his brethren.

16:13 And she called the name of the LORD that spake unto her, Thou God seest me: for she said, Have I also here looked after him that seeth me? 16:14 Wherefore the well was called Beerlahairoi; behold, it is between Kadesh and Bered.

16:15 And Hagar bare Abram a son: and Abram called his son's name, which Hagar bare, Ishmael." (Genesis 16:10-15 KJV)

What the LORD declared about Isaac, with the additional purpose of the Messianic line.

"17:18 And Abraham said unto God, O that Ishmael might live before thee!

17:19 And God said, Sarah thy wife shall bear thee a son indeed; and thou shalt call his name Isaac: and I will establish my covenant with him for an everlasting covenant, and with his seed after him.

17:20 And as for Ishmael, I have heard thee: Behold, I have blessed him, and will make him fruitful, and will multiply him exceedingly; twelve princes shall he beget, and I will make him a great nation.

17:21 But my covenant will I establish with Isaac, which Sarah shall bear unto thee at this set time in the next year." (Genesis 17:18-21 KJV)

Ishmael was born to Hagar (see A Bible Journey, 16: Hagar's Journey) about fourteen years before Isaac was born to Sarah.

"21:1 And the LORD visited Sarah as he had said, and the LORD did unto Sarah as he had spoken. 21:2 For Sarah conceived, and bare Abraham a son in his old age, at the set time of which God had spoken to him. 21:3 And Abraham called the name of his son that was born unto him, whom Sarah bare to him, Isaac. 21:4 And Abraham circumcised his son Isaac being eight days old, as God had commanded him. 21:5 And Abraham was an hundred years old, when his son Isaac was born unto him.

21:6 And Sarah said, God hath made me to laugh, so that all that hear will laugh with me. 21:7 And she said, Who would have said unto Abraham, that Sarah should have given children suck? for I have born him a son in his old age." (Genesis 21:1-7 KJV)

The conflict between Sarah and Hagar was of their making, not of Abraham who never favored either son. It reached an intolerable level, for Sarah, after Isaac was born.

"21:8 And the child grew, and was weaned: and Abraham made a great feast the same day that Isaac was weaned. 21:9 And Sarah saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian, which she had born unto Abraham, mocking. 21:10 Wherefore she said unto Abraham, Cast out this bondwoman and her son: for the son of this bondwoman shall not be heir with my son, even with Isaac." (Genesis 21:8-10 KJV)

Notice that the demand to drive away Hagar and Ishmael "was very grievous in Abraham's sight because of his son." Abraham had a very different view of his family than his family later developed for themselves - most particularly, that there were no "Jews and gentiles" in the time of Abraham. By the modern-day definition, Abraham would be a "gentile" - a word that simply means a nation of people, but which today has come to be used for nations other than the nation of Judah (i.e. Jews are "gentiles" in the sense that they are a nation, just like any other nation).

Nevertheless, Abraham agreed to the expulsion of Hagar and Ishmael because the LORD told him that He would care for Ishmael, because Ishmael was a son of Abraham too: "And also of the son of the bondwoman will I make a nation, because he is thy seed."

Hagar and Ishmael

"21:11 And the thing was very grievous in Abraham's sight because of his son.

21:12 And God said unto Abraham, Let it not be grievous in thy sight because of the lad, and because of thy bondwoman; in all that Sarah hath said unto thee, hearken unto her voice; for in Isaac shall thy seed be called. 21:13 And also of the son of the bondwoman will I make a nation, because he is thy seed." (Genesis 21:11-13 KJV)

Abraham apparently understood that the LORD would care and supply for them immediately (which He did) - the reason that Abraham sent Hagar, to her dismay, out into the vast Negev desert with only enough water for barely one day.

"21:14 And Abraham rose up early in the morning, and took bread, and a bottle of water, and gave it unto Hagar, putting it on her shoulder, and the child, and sent her away: and she departed, and wandered in the wilderness of Beersheba.

21:15 And the water was spent in the bottle, and she cast the child under one of the shrubs. 21:16 And she went, and sat her down over against him a good way off, as it were a bowshot: for she said, Let me not see the death of the child. And she sat over against him, and lift up her voice, and wept." (Genesis 21:14-16 KJV)

The LORD did immediately care for Hagar and Ishmael.

"21:17 And God heard the voice of the lad; and the angel of God called to Hagar out of heaven, and said unto her, What aileth thee, Hagar? fear not; for God hath heard the voice of the lad where he is. 21:18 Arise, lift up the lad, and hold him in thine hand; for I will make him a great nation.

21:19 And God opened her eyes, and she saw a well of water; and she went, and filled the bottle with water, and gave the lad drink." (Genesis 21:17-19 KJV)

"And God was with the lad; and he grew." When he reached adulthood, Hagar found a wife for Ishmael from her own people in Egypt (two of the Israelite patriarchs, Ephraim and Manasseh, later also had an Egyptian mother; see also Jacob's Blessing Of Ephraim And Manasseh).

"21:20 And God was with the lad; and he grew, and dwelt in the wilderness, and became an archer. 21:21 And he dwelt in the wilderness of Paran: and his mother took him a wife out of the land of Egypt." (Genesis

The early history of Beersheba, and the wells there (from which "Beersheba" is named), are directly a result of the presence of Hagar and Abraham there.

"21:22 And it came to pass at that time, that Abimelech and Phichol the chief captain of his host spake unto Abraham, saying, God is with thee in all that thou doest: 21:23 Now therefore swear unto me here by God that thou wilt not deal falsely with me, nor with my son, nor with my son's son: but according to the kindness that I have done unto thee, thou shalt do unto me, and to the land wherein thou hast sojourned.

21:24 And Abraham said, I will swear.

21:25 And Abraham reproved Abimelech because of a well of water, which Abimelech's servants had violently taken away. 21:26 And Abimelech said, I wot not who hath done this thing: neither didst thou tell me, neither yet heard I of it, but to day.

21:27 And Abraham took sheep and oxen, and gave them unto Abimelech; and both of them made a covenant. 21:28 And Abraham set seven ewe lambs of the flock by themselves. 21:29 And Abimelech said unto Abraham, What mean these seven ewe lambs which thou hast set by themselves?

21:30 And he said, For these seven ewe lambs shalt thou take of my hand, that they may be a witness unto me, that I have digged this well.

21:31 Wherefore he called that place Beersheba; because there they sware both of them.

21:32 Thus they made a covenant at Beersheba: then Abimelech rose up, and Phichol the chief captain of his host, and they returned into the land of the Philistines. 21:33 And Abraham planted a grove in Beersheba, and called there on the name of the LORD, the everlasting God. 21:34 And Abraham sojourned in the Philistines' land many days." (Genesis 21:22-34 KJV)

Fact Finder: What happened to Abraham's many other sons?
See Abraham's Seed: From The Nile To The Euphrates and What Does The Bible Say About Arabs?


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This Day In History, September 4

476: Romulus Augustulus, 16, the last Emperor of the original Roman Empire (see The Founding Of Rome: The Curious Tale Of Romulus and Remus and The Roman Emperors: Julius Caesar and The Roman Emperors: Augustus), was deposed when Odoacer, a German warlord, proclaimed himself the King of Italy.

The date is considered by some historians to be the "fall" of the Roman empire, but history and prophecy plainly show how it was merely the fall of the Roman Roman Empire; it thereafter became, by its official title, "The Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation" (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).

German Empire

626: Li Shimin, later known as Emperor Taizong of Tang, assumed the throne of the Tang Dynasty of China (see also The Origin Of Gog And Magog and End-Time Gog And Magog).

China

925: The coronation of Athelstan, the first king to rule over all of England.

Britain

1189: King Richard I (the Lion-Hearted) of England was crowned in Westminster.

1609: English explorer Henry Hudson discovered a large, heavily wooded, nearly-unpopulated island on the east coast of the continent of North America. Today, it is known as Manhattan.

1774: New Caledonia (a major island east of Australia and north of New Zealand) was first sighted by Europeans, during English explorer James Cook's second voyage.

1781: In what is today southern California, 44 Spanish settlers named their new settlement El Pueblo de Nuestra Senora La Reina de los Angeles de Porciuncula ("The Village of Our Lady, the Queen of the Angels of Porziuncola"). It is known today by the abbreviation Los Angeles.

Mexico

1820: Czar Nicholas of Russia claimed all territory from Alaska to Oregon, closing all Alaskan waters to foreigners. Russia sold Alaska to the U.S. in 1867. The territory became the 49th U.S. state in 1959.

Alaska

1886: After 30 years of fighting to defend his native ancestral homeland, to stop the further genocide of native Americans, Apache chief Geronimo surrendered to U.S. troops in Arizona, thereby ending the last major "Indian" war (early explorers from Europe thought that they had arrived in India, and so they incorrectly called the Americans "Indians"; see also The First Chinese American War).

Geronimo

1888: George Eastman patented the first roll-film camera and registered the "Kodak" trademark. Film cameras became obsolete in the late 20th century with the invention of digital photography.

1957: Arkansas Governor Orval Faubus mobilized his National Guard to prevent black students from attending Central High School.

1957: Ford started selling the Edsel, a medium-priced luxury car named after Henry Ford's son. The car proved to be so unpopular that it was discontinued 2 years later, in 1959. Edsels have since become valuable to collectors and museums.

1976: Viking II landed on Mars and transmitted the first close-up, color photographs of the planet's surface.

1984: Brian Mulroney led the Conservative party to the largest victory ever won by a federal party in Canada; 212 out of 282 seats, defeating the Liberals under incumbent Prime Minister John Turner and the NDP (the "New Democratic Party," an even more liberal wing of the Liberal Party) under Ed Broadbent. Prime Minister Mulroney also defeated Turner and Broadbent in the election 4 years later.

1985: The first fullerene (an allotrope of carbon in which the atoms form ball-like structures) molecule of carbon was discovered. It was given the name Buckminsterfullerene.

1998: The Internet search Google was founded by Stanford University students Larry Page and Russian-born Sergey Brin.

2010: The Canterbury earthquake. A magnitude 7.1 earthquake caused widespread damage on the South Island of New Zealand.





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