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Thursday, September 20 2018
A Bible Journey, 34: The Daughter Of Israel
"The sons of Leah; Reuben, Jacob's firstborn, and Simeon, and Levi, and Judah, and Issachar, and Zebulun... And afterwards she bare a daughter, and called her name Dinah"
Dinah, from the Hebrew name pronounced dee-naw, was the only daughter of Jacob / Israel (see A Bible Journey, 32: Thy Name Shall Be Called No More Jacob, But Israel). Dinah's mother was Leah (pronounced in Hebrew as lay-ah); her six full brothers were Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar and Zebulun. Dinah was the youngest (see the Fact Finder question below).
"35:23 The sons of Leah; Reuben, Jacob's firstborn, and Simeon, and Levi, and Judah, and Issachar, and Zebulun" (Genesis 35:23 KJV)
Dinah was born in Syria, during Jacob's twenty years of exile from the land of Canaan (see A Bible Journey, 29: Israel's Syria Origin). Upon his return, Jacob at first settled his family "to Shalem, a city of Shechem, which is in the land of Canaan, when he came from Padanaram; and pitched his tent before the city."
"33:18 And Jacob came to Shalem, a city of Shechem, which is in the land of Canaan, when he came from Padanaram; and pitched his tent before the city. 33:19 And he bought a parcel of a field, where he had spread his tent, at the hand of the children of Hamor, Shechem's father, for an hundred pieces of money. 33:20 And he erected there an altar, and called it Elelohe-Israel." (Genesis 33:17-20 KJV)
The only documented events of Dinah's life involved her being assaulted by "Shechem the son of Hamor the Hivite, prince of the country." With Jacob having been in Syria only twenty years, and with Dinah being among the last of the children born, Dinah would have in her mid-teens when the incident occurred.
"34:1 And Dinah the daughter of Leah, which she bare unto Jacob, went out to see the daughters of the land. 34:2 And when Shechem the son of Hamor the Hivite, prince of the country, saw her, he took her, and lay with her, and defiled her. 34:3 And his soul clave unto Dinah the daughter of Jacob, and he loved the damsel, and spake kindly unto the damsel. 34:4 And Shechem spake unto his father Hamor, saying, Get me this damsel to wife." (Genesis 34:1-4 KJV)
As was typical of Jacob, when he heard what had happened to his daughter, he said and did nothing.
"34:5 And Jacob heard that he had defiled Dinah his daughter: now his sons were with his cattle in the field: and Jacob held his peace until they were come." (Genesis 34:5 KJV)
Unlike their father, the sons of Jacob, particularly the full brothers of Dinah, were outraged. Jacob was further forced to deal with the situation publicly when the perpetrator's father came and sought to buy Dinah as a wife for his son.
"34:6 And Hamor the father of Shechem went out unto Jacob to commune with him. 34:7 And the sons of Jacob came out of the field when they heard it: and the men were grieved, and they were very wroth, because he had wrought folly in Israel in lying with Jacob's daughter; which thing ought not to be done.
Jacob agreed to the request. Dinah's brothers agreed as well, but only as a means to bring about their revenge.
"34:13 And the sons of Jacob answered Shechem and Hamor his father deceitfully, and said, because he had defiled Dinah their sister: 34:14 And they said unto them, We cannot do this thing, to give our sister to one that is uncircumcised; for that were a reproach unto us: 34:15 But in this will we consent unto you: If ye will be as we be, that every male of you be circumcised; 34:16 Then will we give our daughters unto you, and we will take your daughters to us, and we will dwell with you, and we will become one people. 34:17 But if ye will not hearken unto us, to be circumcised; then will we take our daughter, and we will be gone.
When the opportune time came, "Simeon and Levi, Dinah's brethren, took each man his sword, and came upon the city boldly, and slew all the males."
"34:25 And it came to pass on the third day, when they were sore, that two of the sons of Jacob, Simeon and Levi, Dinah's brethren, took each man his sword, and came upon the city boldly, and slew all the males. 34:26 And they slew Hamor and Shechem his son with the edge of the sword, and took Dinah out of Shechem's house, and went out. 34:27 The sons of Jacob came upon the slain, and spoiled the city, because they had defiled their sister. 34:28 They took their sheep, and their oxen, and their asses, and that which was in the city, and that which was in the field, 34:29 And all their wealth, and all their little ones, and their wives took they captive, and spoiled even all that was in the house." (Genesis 34:25-29 KJV)
Jacob grieved at their action. Notice how "I" and "me" were his only concern. Simeon and Levi were concerned otherwise, "And they said, Should he deal with our sister as with an harlot?"
"34:30 And Jacob said to Simeon and Levi, Ye have troubled me to make me to stink among the inhabitants of the land, among the Canaanites and the Perizzites: and I being few in number, they shall gather themselves together against me, and slay me; and I shall be destroyed, I and my house.
Fact Finder: What is recorded about Leah, the mother of Dinah?
This Day In History
This Day In History, September 20
480 BC: The Greek fleet under Thermistocles defeated Persian naval forces of Xerxes. The Persian empire and Xerxes are recorded the Bible's Book of Esther (see Esther: The Lots Of Purim, The Prophecies Of Cyrus of Persia and Israel In History and Prophecy: Babylon and Persia).
357 BC: Alexander the Great was born. The young Macedonian-Greek king conquered much of southern Europe, the Middle East and southern Asia before dying at age 34. Alexander is prophesied in the Bible. See our 6 part Greeks in the Holy Bible series which includes retailed studies about Alexander:
The Greek Empire: Cleopatra and The Ptolemies Of Egypt
451: The Battle of Chalons in what is today France - regarded by some historians as the largest battle in the ancient world. Roman forces under Flavius Aetius defeated Attila the Hun (see Legions Of Men And Angels).
1187: Saladin began his Siege of Jerusalem (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy).
1260: The Prussian Uprising against the Teutonic Knights began.
1378: The Great Schism in the Roman Catholic Church began when Robert of Geneva (known by some as "the Butcher of Cesena") was elected as anti-pope Clement VII. The division went on for almost four decades, during which there were 2 and sometimes even 3 competing popes at one time (see The Struggle For The Papacy).
1519: Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan left Spain with 5 ships on the first-ever around the world voyage. Although Magellan himself was killed in the Philippines, and 4 of the ships were lost in the 3 year exploration, 1 ship did return home after successfully circling the earth. The voyage proved that the earth was indeed round (which believers in the Holy Bible already knew - see No 'Flat Earth' In The Bible) and that North America and Asia were separate continents.
1586: An Englishman, Anthony Babington, Roman Catholic priest John Ballard, and 5 others were executed for high treason. In an attempt to surrender England back to Roman Catholicism, they planned to assassinate Queen Elizabeth I (ruled 1558-1603) and install the Roman Catholic rival, Mary Stuart (Mary, Queen of Scots) on the English throne. Mary was also executed a few months later, on February 8 1587.
1633: Galileo Galilei was brought to trial before the Church of Rome's "Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith." Galileo was later released after he "repented" of his "heresy" - his correct teaching that the Earth orbits the Sun (see also Earth's Star).
1697: The Treaty of Rijswijk was signed by England, France, Spain, the Holy Roman Empire and the Dutch Republic. It ended the Nine Years' War (1688-97).
1854: The Battle of the Alma during the Crimean War. The victory by the British and the French left the Russian naval center of Sevastopol vulnerable and endangered the entire Russian position in the war.
1870: Italian troops under Victor Emmanuel II conquered Rome in the name of the Kingdom of Italy. The population of the city, the Romans, later voted to become part of the Italian Kingdom.
1909: The Parliament of the United Kingdom passed the South Africa Act 1909. It created the Union of South Africa from the British-established colonies of the Cape of Good Hope, Natal, Orange River Colony, and the Transvaal Colony.
1934: In New Jersey, Bruno Hauptmann was arrested for the kidnapping and murder of the infant son of U.S. aviator Charles Lindbergh. He was found guilty and executed by electrocution in 1936.
1952: Scientists confirmed that DNA holds hereditary data.
1967: The British liner Queen Elizabeth II was launched at Clydebank, Scotland.
1973: The Lesbian tennis player Billie Jean King, at age 29, defeated long-retired professional tennis player, Bobby Riggs, at age 55, in "The Battle of the Sexes" tennis match at the Houston Astrodome in Houston, Texas.
1977: Vietnam, as a single nation again, became a member of the United Nations. The Vietnam War, in which the U.S. involved itself, years after the war had already started (after another imperial power, France, had divided Vietnam into North and South), was actually a civil war between the Vietnamese people.
2005: Simon Wiesenthal died at age 96. The Jewish Holocaust survivor became famous as a relentless Nazi war criminal hunter.
2011: The U.S. military ended its "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" policy, thereby allowing sodomites (Official dictionary definition, from the Merriam-Webster Dictionary: "Sodomite: a person who has anal sex with another person; someone who practices sodomy") and lesbians (Official dictionary definition, from the Merriam-Webster Dictionary: "Lesbian: a woman who is sexually attracted to other women; a female homosexual") to serve openly for the first time.