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Saturday, September 22 2018

A Bible Journey, 36: The Kingdoms of Esau

"These are the generations of Esau their father"

The word "king" means father of a kin. It originated as a family, not a political, title. It's the reason that some "nations" originated and grew from family camps, to cities, to sovereign territories ("country" means the territory, while "nation" means the people).

Esau was the fraternal-twin brother of Jacob / Israel. Also known historically and prophetically as "Edom" (a name that he acquired from the famous incident involving the sale of his birthright: "And Esau said to Jacob, Feed me, I pray thee, with that same red pottage; for I am faint: therefore was his name called Edom"; see A Bible Journey, 27: The Blessing And Birthright From Esau To Jacob), Esau too became the father of a people.

"36:1 Now these are the generations of Esau, who is Edom.

36:2 Esau took his wives of the daughters of Canaan; Adah the daughter of Elon the Hittite, and Aholibamah the daughter of Anah the daughter of Zibeon the Hivite; 36:3 And Bashemath Ishmael's daughter, sister of Nebajoth.

36:4 And Adah bare to Esau Eliphaz; and Bashemath bare Reuel; 36:5 And Aholibamah bare Jeush, and Jaalam, and Korah: these are the sons of Esau, which were born unto him in the land of Canaan." (Genesis 36:1-5 KJV)

Seir Esau chose to depart from the land of Canaan, away from Jacob, "For their riches were more than that they might dwell together; and the land wherein they were strangers could not bear them because of their cattle" (the same reason that Abraham and Lot had went their separate ways). Esau settled in the area south of the Salt Sea (see the map below; also The Salt Sea In History And Prophecy).

"36:6 And Esau took his wives, and his sons, and his daughters, and all the persons of his house, and his cattle, and all his beasts, and all his substance, which he had got in the land of Canaan; and went into the country from the face of his brother Jacob. 36:7 For their riches were more than that they might dwell together; and the land wherein they were strangers could not bear them because of their cattle. 36:8 Thus dwelt Esau in mount Seir: Esau is Edom." (Genesis 36:6-8 KJV)

The Word of God records Esau's family in fine detail, for the simple reason that, as another grandson of Abraham, Esau too had a part in fulfilling the "seed" prophecy of Abraham (see Abraham's Seed: From The Nile To The Euphrates).

"36:9 And these are the generations of Esau the father of the Edomites in mount Seir:

36:10 These are the names of Esau's sons; Eliphaz the son of Adah the wife of Esau, Reuel the son of Bashemath the wife of Esau.

36:11 And the sons of Eliphaz were Teman, Omar, Zepho, and Gatam, and Kenaz.

36:12 And Timna was concubine to Eliphaz Esau's son; and she bare to Eliphaz Amalek: these were the sons of Adah Esau's wife.

36:13 And these are the sons of Reuel; Nahath, and Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah: these were the sons of Bashemath Esau's wife.

36:14 And these were the sons of Aholibamah, the daughter of Anah the daughter of Zibeon, Esau's wife: and she bare to Esau Jeush, and Jaalam, and Korah.

36:15 These were dukes of the sons of Esau: the sons of Eliphaz the firstborn son of Esau; duke Teman, duke Omar, duke Zepho, duke Kenaz, 36:16 Duke Korah, duke Gatam, and duke Amalek: these are the dukes that came of Eliphaz in the land of Edom; these were the sons of Adah.

36:17 And these are the sons of Reuel Esau's son; duke Nahath, duke Zerah, duke Shammah, duke Mizzah: these are the dukes that came of Reuel in the land of Edom; these are the sons of Bashemath Esau's wife.

36:18 And these are the sons of Aholibamah Esau's wife; duke Jeush, duke Jaalam, duke Korah: these were the dukes that came of Aholibamah the daughter of Anah, Esau's wife.

36:19 These are the sons of Esau, who is Edom, and these are their dukes.

36:20 These are the sons of Seir the Horite, who inhabited the land; Lotan, and Shobal, and Zibeon, and Anah, 36:21 And Dishon, and Ezer, and Dishan: these are the dukes of the Horites, the children of Seir in the land of Edom.

Arab Tribesman 36:22 And the children of Lotan were Hori and Hemam; and Lotan's sister was Timna.

36:23 And the children of Shobal were these; Alvan, and Manahath, and Ebal, Shepho, and Onam.

36:24 And these are the children of Zibeon; both Ajah, and Anah: this was that Anah that found the mules in the wilderness, as he fed the asses of Zibeon his father.

36:25 And the children of Anah were these; Dishon, and Aholibamah the daughter of Anah.

36:26 And these are the children of Dishon; Hemdan, and Eshban, and Ithran, and Cheran.

36:27 The children of Ezer are these; Bilhan, and Zaavan, and Akan.

36:28 The children of Dishan are these; Uz, and Aran.

36:29 These are the dukes that came of the Horites; duke Lotan, duke Shobal, duke Zibeon, duke Anah, 36:30 Duke Dishon, duke Ezer, duke Dishan: these are the dukes that came of Hori, among their dukes in the land of Seir." (Genesis 36:9-30 KJV)

The nation of Esau became a kingdom before the people of Israel did (the Israelites passed through the land of Edom on their way from Egypt to their promised land).

"36:31 And these are the kings that reigned in the land of Edom, before there reigned any king over the children of Israel.

36:32 And Bela the son of Beor reigned in Edom: and the name of his city was Dinhabah.

36:33 And Bela died, and Jobab the son of Zerah of Bozrah reigned in his stead.

36:34 And Jobab died, and Husham of the land of Temani reigned in his stead.

36:35 And Husham died, and Hadad the son of Bedad, who smote Midian in the field of Moab, reigned in his stead: and the name of his city was Avith.

36:36 And Hadad died, and Samlah of Masrekah reigned in his stead.

36:37 And Samlah died, and Saul of Rehoboth by the river reigned in his stead.

36:38 And Saul died, and Baalhanan the son of Achbor reigned in his stead.

36:39 And Baalhanan the son of Achbor died, and Hadar reigned in his stead: and the name of his city was Pau; and his wife's name was Mehetabel, the daughter of Matred, the daughter of Mezahab.

36:40 And these are the names of the dukes that came of Esau, according to their families, after their places, by their names; duke Timnah, duke Alvah, duke Jetheth, 36:41 Duke Aholibamah, duke Elah, duke Pinon, 36:42 Duke Kenaz, duke Teman, duke Mibzar, 36:43 Duke Magdiel, duke Iram: these be the dukes of Edom, according to their habitations in the land of their possession: he is Esau the father of the Edomites." (Genesis 36:31-43 KJV)

Fact Finder: As stated in the verses above, "Esau took his wives of the daughters of Canaan." Did the first Jews also have Canaanite mothers?
See Who Were The First Jews?


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This Day In History, September 22

66: Roman Emperor Nero (see The Roman Emperors: Nero) created the Legion I Italica (see also The Conversion Of The Roman Army Commanders).

Roman Soldier

904: The Chinese warlord Zhu Quanzhong executed Emperor Zhaozong after seizing control of the imperial government.

China

1499: The Peace of Basel ended the Swiss (also known as the Swabian War) between the Holy Roman emperor Maximilian I and the Swiss Confederation.

1530: The first version of the Apology of the Augsburg Confession was presented to Emperor Charles V at the Diet of Augsburg (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation) after the Emperor had declared that the Confutation (August 3 1530) prepared by the Catholic theologians to refute the Augsburg Confession (June 25 1530) properly presented his Catholic faith. The Emperor demanded that the reformers return to the Catholic church and refused to accept the Apology when it was presented to him. See Emperors and Popes to understand that emperors always (past and yet future) claimed superiority to popes (listen also to our Sermon Constantine's Papacy).

1556: Johann Agricola died at age 72. The "protestant" reformer, a friend of Martin Luther (he convinced Luther to study Roman theology instead of medicine) was an advocate of antinomianism (anti = "against", nomos = "law") - a Satanic blasphemy that falsely claims that Christians are "freed by grace" from the need to obey The Ten Commandments (see Antinomianism).

1692: The last official executions for witchcraft (see What Is Sorcery?) in Massachusetts. During the Salem Witch Trials, 8 people who been falsely accused of witchcraft were hung, bringing to a total of 13 women and 7 men who were put to death over the course of the brief witch-hunt era (see also What Does Wicked Mean? to understand how the word for witchcraft, wicca, is the same as the word for those who make false accusations against innocent people).

The Salem Witch Trials

1761: George III and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz were crowned King and Queen of Great Britain.

1784: A Russian colony was established in Alaska. Russia sold the territory to the U.S. in 1867.

Alaska

1862: Abraham Lincoln issued his first Emancipation Proclamation attempt to free U.S. slaves.

1888: The first issue of National Geographic Magazine was published.

1896: Queen Victoria surpassed King George III (her grandfather) as the longest reigning monarch in British history. Queen Victoria reigned 63 years and 7 months. Queen Elizabeth II, the great-great-granddaughter of Queen Victoria, became the longest reigning in British history in 2015.

Queen Victoria

Elizabeth II

1914: During the First World War (1914-1918; see also The Assassination That Triggered Two World Wars), the German submarine SM U-9 torpedoed and sank the British cruisers, HMS Aboukir, HMS Hogue and HMS Cressy on the Broad Fourteens off the Dutch coast. Over 1,400 men were lost.

1918: During the First World War (1914-1918; see also Russia Or Europe - Who Has Been The Invader?), British forces in Israel (then known as "Palestine," an English rendering of "Philistine") captured Nazareth and Haifa from the Ottoman (Turkish) forces (see A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate).

1949: The Soviet Union exploded its first atomic bomb, ending the U.S. monopoly of atomic weapons (see Who Would Throw A Nuclear Boomerang?).

1965: The Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 (also known as the Second Kashmir War) between India and Pakistan over Kashmir, ended with a UN sponsored cease-fire.

India

1975: Sara Jane Moore attempted to assassinate U.S. President Gerald Ford.

1980: Polish workers won the right to form independent unions, from which came the Solidarity movement with Lech Walesa as its elected leader.

1980: The Persian Gulf conflict between Iran and Iraq erupted into full-scale war.

1991: The Dead Sea Scrolls were made available to public viewing for the first time (listen to our Sermon The Dead Sea Scrolls).

2011: CERN scientists claimed a discovery of neutrinos breaking the speed of light.





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